Valparaíso funiculars

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View of Valparaíso from the top of the Artillería funicular railway

Valparaíso in Chile, due to the number of hills above the so-called plan has had up to 30 ascensores (Spanish: elevators).[1][2]

Technically most of these elevators are bona fide funiculars. Only one of them — Ascensor Polanco — is a true vertical elevator. They were mainly constructed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.[3]

Only 16 of them remained extant today and they are declared National Monuments of Chile.[4] As of 2018 only 7 of elevators are in operation, the other 9 are under a process of restoration and modernisation.[3]

Since 2003 these numerous ‘elevators’ (or funicular elevators) are a part of the Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso World Heritage Site.[5]

Table[edit]

The Lecheros funicular in 1941

This table is of known funicular elevators in Valparaiso.[6][full citation needed]

Number from west [7] Name Hill name Date opened Date closed notes
03 Arrayán Cerro Santo Domingo 1905 1964
02 Artillería Cerro Artillería 1893 December 2014 - active
25 Barón Cerro Lecheros 1906
13 Bellavista Cerro Bellavista 1897 1955
09 Concepción [8] Cerro Concepción 1883
06 Cordillera Cerro Cordillera 1887
21 El Hogar 1912 1955
08 El Peral Cerro Alegre 1902
10 Esmeralda 1905 1962
14 Espíritu Santo 1911 Inactive
15 Florida 1906 Inactive
00 Hospital Carlos van Buren 1929
18 La Cruz Cerro La Cruz 1908 1992
23 Larraín Cerro Rodríguez 1906 Inactive
17 Monjas 1912 Inactive
24 Lecheros 1906 Inactive
16 Mariposas Cerro Mariposas 1904 Inactive
12 Panteón 1900 1952
05 Perdices Cerro Arrayán 1932 1962
26 Placeres Cerro Placeres 1913 1971
19 Polanco Cerro Polanco 1913-1916 Elevator
20 Ramaditas 1914 1955
11 Reina Victoria Cerro Alegre 1902
07 San Agustin Cerro Cordillera 1913
04 Santo Domingo Cerro Santo Domingo 1910 1965
01 Villaseca Cerro Artillería 1907 Inactive
00 Villanelo 1984 Viña del Mar
External images
The funiculars of Valparaíso on Google Street View
Villaseca
Artillería
Cordillera
San Agustin
El Peral
Concepción
Reina Victoria
Espíritu Santo
Florida
Mariposas
Monjas
Hospital Carlos van Buren
Larrain
Lecheros
Barón
Villanelo
For Google Street View images of the Polanco elevator see its own article.

Further reading[edit]

  • Barca, Juan Torre (2009). El libro de los Ascensores de Valparaiso. Chile: Cerro Concepcion Editorial Valparaiso.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Ascensores". Archived from the original on 2013-10-07.
  2. ^ ASCENSORES DE VALPARAISO. communigate.co.uk 5/19/2014 via web.archive.org
  3. ^ a b "Ascensores de Valparaíso". www.thisischile.cl. 2018-06-28.
  4. ^ "Monumentos". Consejo de Monumentos Nacionales.
  5. ^ "Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso". UNESCO World Heritage Centre 1992-2018.
  6. ^ found in Plano y Guia Turistica, Valparaíso, Chile 5th Edition 2009 http://www.francotours.cl, and Carta de Valparaiso Disendora Grafica Ximena Silva San Martin http://www.ximenasilva.cl
  7. ^ In effect from the Nautical/Maritime museum, around to Viña del Mar, as found on page 78 of Barca, Juan Torre El Libro...
  8. ^ Ascensor Concepción. capitalcultural.cl 9/25/2013 via web.archive.org

External links[edit]

Media related to Funiculars in Valparaíso at Wikimedia Commons