|Cultural origins||Mid-1980s, United States|
History and characteristics
According to AllMusic, funk metal "takes the loud guitars and riffs of heavy metal and melds them to the popping bass lines and syncopated rhythms of funk". AllMusic has claimed that "funk metal evolved in the mid-'80s when alternative bands like the Red Hot Chili Peppers and Fishbone began playing the hybrid with a stronger funk underpinning than metal." Faith No More have been described as a funk metal band that dabbled in rap-metal. Rage Against the Machine's mix of funk and metal not only included rap, but also elements of punk rock. Primus, a band that crosses many genres, has been widely described as funk metal, though bandleader/bassist Les Claypool dislikes the categorization. Claypool has stated "We've been lumped in with the funk metal thing just about everywhere. I guess people just have to categorise you". Living Colour have been cited by Rolling Stone as "black funk metal pioneers." Rolling Stone also referred to the R.E.M. song Finest Worksong as funk metal in 1987. Certain bands not from an alternative background, such as Bang Tango and Extreme, have also frequently incorporated funk into their musical style. Bands such as Primus and Mordred emerged from the thrash metal underground.
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Primus, unlikely gold-selling white trash purveyor of bad-ass pinballing funk-metal...
- Amador, Valery (September 9, 2010). "Les Claypool Becomes A Professor At Bootsy Collins' Funk University". Bass Musician.
Primus' breakthrough 1991 album Sailing The Seas Of Cheese was for many their introduction to 'funk-metal', a genre Claypool has become synonymous with thanks to his frenetic, virtuosic combination of strumming, tapping and slapping, a style which and has spawned legions of imitators.
- Terlino, Craig (June 24, 2013). "Sailing The Seas Of Cheese Revisited: Les Claypool Of Primus Interviewed". The Quietus.
...Primus proved part of that crossover between funk and metal, continuously and carefully reinventing it, bringing it into the 90s and far beyond.
- Hart, Josh (June 6, 2011). "Primus Set To Release New Album, 'Green Naugahyde,' This September". Guitar World.
- Weingarten, Mark (December 4, 1999). "Primus Mixes Metal With a Bit of Satire". Los Angeles Times.
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