|Town of Funkstown, Maryland|
Location of Funkstown, Maryland
|• Total||0.36 sq mi (0.93 km2)|
|• Land||0.36 sq mi (0.93 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||495 ft (151 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||885|
|• Density||2,511.1/sq mi (969.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0590264|
The Civil War Battle of Funkstown took place July 10, 1863, during the Gettysburg Campaign as Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia retreated toward Virginia in the week following the Battle of Gettysburg. Union forces of the Army of the Potomac attacked the rear guard of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia during its retreat from Pennsylvania following the Battle of Gettysburg. A strong Confederate presence at Funkstown threatened any Union advance against Gen. Robert E. Lee’s position near Williamsport and the Potomac River as he retreated to Virginia after the Battle of Gettysburg. Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry, posted at Funkstown, posed a serious risk to the Federal right and rear if the Union army lunged west from Boonsboro. Stuart, meanwhile, determined to wage a spirited defense to ensure Lee time to complete fortifications protecting his army and his avenue of retreat. As Brig. Gen. John Buford’s Federal cavalry division cautiously approached Funkstown via the National Road on Friday morning July 10, 1863, it encountered Stuart’s crescent-shaped, three-mile-long battle line. It was Stuart’s first defensive battle since reentering Maryland. The high ground constituted Stuart’s extreme right, held by Preston Chew’s horse artillery. A nearby stone barn and barnyard wall proved a superb defensive position for the 34th Virginia Battalion’s dismounted cavalry. Col. Thomas C. Devin’s dismounted Union cavalry brigade attacked about 8:00 a.m. By mid-afternoon, with Buford’s cavalrymen running low on ammunition and gaining little ground, Col. Lewis A. Grant’s First Vermont Brigade of infantry arrived and jabbed at the Confederate center less than one mile away. Unbeknownst to the Vermonters, Gen. George T. Anderson’s Confederate brigade now faced them, the first time opposing infantry had clashed since the Battle of Gettysburg. By early evening, the Union Army began withdrawing south towards Beaver Creek. Stuart had kept the Federals at bay for yet another day. The day-long battle east of the road resulted in 479 casualties. The Chaney house served as a hospital. At the Keller home, Confederate Major Henry D. McDaniel, later the governor of Georgia, survived his wounds.
The house at 16 W. Cemetery St. remained a church until it burned down a second time, finally being rebuilt into the existing house in 1913.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Funkstown has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2010, there were 904 people, 417 households, and 226 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,511.1 inhabitants per square mile (969.5/km2). There were 460 housing units at an average density of 1,277.8 per square mile (493.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.8% White, 1.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.4% of the population.
There were 417 households of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.6% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.8% were non-families. 37.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.76.
The median age in the town was 46.2 years. 17.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.6% were from 25 to 44; 35.3% were from 45 to 64; and 16.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 983 people, 441 households, and 253 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,880.3 people per square mile (1,116.3/km²). There were 464 housing units at an average density of 1,359.6 per square mile (526.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.76% White, 0.61% African American, 0.31% Asian, 0.51% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 0.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71% of the population.
There were 441 households out of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.6% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.81.
In the town, the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $35,278, and the median income for a family was $45,197. Males had a median income of $30,438 versus $21,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,544. About 8.4% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-06-26.
- Morse, Jedidiah; "The American Gazetteer", Thomas & Andrews, 1810
- Municipal History
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Funkstown, Maryland
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.[permanent dead link]
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.