Funtumia elastica

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Silkrubber
Funtumia elastica-1906.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Funtumia
Species: F. elastica
Binomial name
Funtumia elastica
(Preuss) Stapf

Funtumia elastica (silkrubber [1]) is a medium-sized African rubber tree with glossy leaves, milky sap, and long woody seedpods. The bark is used in the traditional medicine of tropical Africa.[citation needed]

Chemical constituents[edit]

A variety of chemical compounds have been identified in F. elastica. Unprocessed F. elastica powder is distinctly blue due to its anthocyanin content.[citation needed] The steroid alkaloid conessine, which is found in F. elastica, has anti-bacterial properties in vitro.[2]

Bioactivities[edit]

Crude extracts of F. elastica inhibit growth of many molds, including Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Candida, as well as the fungi that cause ringworm.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Funtumia elastica at USDA PLANTS Database
  2. ^ Bogne Kamga P, Penlap Beng V, Lontsi D, et al. Antibacterial activities of the extracts and conessine from Holarrhena floribunda. Afr J Trad Complem Alt Med. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2007, pp. 352-356.
  3. ^ Adekunle AA, Ikumapayi AM. Antifungal property and phytochemical screening of the crude extracts of Funtumia elastica and Mallotus oppositifolius. West Indian Med J. 2006 Sep;55(4):219-23.