Furfura Sharif

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Furfura Sharif
Village
Furfura Mazar
Furfura Mazar
Furfura Sharif is located in West Bengal
Furfura Sharif
Furfura Sharif
Location in West Bengal, India
Furfura Sharif is located in India
Furfura Sharif
Furfura Sharif
Furfura Sharif (India)
Coordinates: 22°45′16″N 88°07′48″E / 22.7545°N 88.1301°E / 22.7545; 88.1301Coordinates: 22°45′16″N 88°07′48″E / 22.7545°N 88.1301°E / 22.7545; 88.1301
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictHooghly
Elevation
11 m (36 ft)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total6,720
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
712706
Telephone code91 3212
ISO 3166 codeIN-WB
Websitewww.furfurasharif.com

Furfura Sharif (also known as Furfura, Phurphura, Furfura Darbar Sharif) is a village in Jangipara community development block of Srirampore subdivision in Hooghly District in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a holy place for Muslims.

History[edit]

The mosque built by Muqlish Khan in 1375 is a site for Muslim pilgrimage, especially during the Pir’s mela (fair).[1] It attracts a large number of pilgrims during Urs festival.[2]

Muslims in the area are believed to be chiefly Ashrafs and are said to be descendants of Muslims who invaded Bengal in the 14th century. There is a tradition that the Bagdi (Barga Kshatriya) king who ruled here was defeated by Shah Kabir Halibi and Karamuddin, both of whom were killed in the battle. Their tombs are revered to this day by both Hindus and Muslims.[3]

Furfura Sharif contains the mazaar of one Abu Bakr Siddique[4] and his five sons, popularly known as the Panch Huzur Keblah. He was a social and religious reformer,who founded charitable institutes, orphanages, madrasas, schools and learning centers. He encouraged female education by establishing a School for girls in Furfura Sharif named Siddiqua High School. He was the founder of the "Order Of Furfura Sharif" or "Silsila-e-Furfura Sharif" and a religious congregation observed on the 21st 22nd and 23rd of Falgun Bengali month (Approx 5, 6 & 7 March).[5][6]

Geography[edit]

Cities and towns in Chanditala I, Chanditala II and Jangipara CD Blocks in Srirampore subdivision in Hooghly district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre,
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location[edit]

Furfura is located at 22°45′16″N 88°07′48″E / 22.7545°N 88.1301°E / 22.7545; 88.1301

Villages in Furfura panchayat are as follows: Furfura, Purba Durgapur, Gopalnagar, Hosenpur, Dakshindihi, Rampara, Toralpur, Chak Barada, Belpara, Ramnagar, Nilarpur, Charpur, Bakcha, Kashipur, Ramchandrapur, Hazipur, and Bhimpur.[7]

Urbanisation[edit]

Srirampore subdivision is the most urbanized of the subdivisions in Hooghly district. 73.13% of the population in the subdivision is urban and 26.88% is rural. The subdivision has 6 municipalities and 34 census towns. The municipalities are: Uttarpara Kotrung Municipality, Konnagar Municipality, Serampore Municipality, Baidyabati Municipality, Rishra Municipality and Dankuni Municipality. Amongst the CD Blocks in the subdivision, Uttarapara Serampore (census towns shown in a separate map) had 76% urban population, Chanditala I 42%, Chanditala II 69% and Jangipara 7% (census towns shown in the map above).[8][9] All places marked in the map are linked in the larger full screen map.

Demographics[edit]

Furfura had a population of 6,720 out of which 1,133 belonged to scheduled castes and 195 belonged to scheduled tribes.[7]

Education[edit]

Furfura High Madrasah is a coeducational institution affiliated to the West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education. It has arrangements for teaching Bengali, English, history, geography, philosophy, political science, mathematics and economics.[10] Furfura High Madrasah, established in 1908, is the oldest high madrasah in the district.[11]

The Aliah University controls three other "madrasah colleges" in the state — the "colleges" at Batna (in Malda district), Beldanga (in Murshidabad district) and Furfura Sharif. With the introduction of "modern subjects" including computer application, the teachers for these colleges will now be recruited through the Public Service Commission.[12]

Sk Md Rofiqul Islam was Assistant Teacher and Teacher-in-Charge, Furfura Fatehia Senior Madrasah won the National Award for Teachers in 2007.[13][14]

Healthcare[edit]

Furfura has a Primary Health Centre with 10 beds.[15][16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hooghly District". Places of Interest. District administration. Retrieved 6 February 2009.
  2. ^ "West Bengal Tourism Policy, 2008". Fairs and Festivals Tourism. Government of West Bengal, Department of Tourism. Archived from the original on 24 September 2009. Retrieved 6 February 2009.
  3. ^ A Brief History of the Hughli District By D. G. Crawford. Retrieved 6 February 2009.
  4. ^ Choudhury, Dewan Nurul Anwar Hussain (2012). "Siddiqi, Abdul Hai". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  5. ^ Qadri, M. Aqib Farid. "Conveying Rewards to the Deceased (Isaale Sawaab)". Islamic Academy. Retrieved 12 May 2009.
  6. ^ "Dariapur Sharif's Isale Sawab on Jan 17". Financial Express, 14 January 2008. Retrieved 12 May 2009.
  7. ^ a b "Census Data District Name: Hooghly(12) Block Name: Jangipara (0016)". West Bengal Govt. Retrieved 4 February 2009.[dead link]
  8. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Table 2.2, 2.4(a). Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  9. ^ "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  10. ^ "Hooghly district exam venue". West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  11. ^ "Contents showing the district-wise total number of different types of Madrasahs recognised by West Bengal Board of Madrasah Education as on 30.04.2001". Hooghly District. Retrieved 6 February 2009.
  12. ^ Shamsi, Mohammed Shafi. "Finally, Calcutta Madrasa gets status of college". Indian Express, 3 March 2006. Retrieved 6 February 2009.
  13. ^ "National Award to Teachers, 2007" (PDF). Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development, (Department of School Education & Literacy). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2009. Retrieved 6 February 2009.
  14. ^ Singh, Shiv Sahay. "16 state teachers to be honoured by Centre". Indian Express, 5 September 2008. Retrieved 6 February 2009.
  15. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  16. ^ "Hooghly.gov.phc".

External links[edit]