Furfura Sharif

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Furfura Sharif
ফুরফুরা শরীফ
Village
Furfura Sharif is located in West Bengal
Furfura Sharif
Furfura Sharif
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°44′N 88°08′E / 22.74°N 88.13°E / 22.74; 88.13Coordinates: 22°44′N 88°08′E / 22.74°N 88.13°E / 22.74; 88.13
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Hooghly
Elevation 11 m (36 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 6,720
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 712706
Telephone code 91 3212
Website www.furfurasharif.com

Furfura Sharif (also known as Furfura, Phurphura, Furfura Darbar Sharif) is a village in Jangipara community development block of Srirampore subdivision in Hooghly District in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a holy place for Muslims.

History[edit]

The mosque built by Muqlish Khan in 1375 is a site for Muslim pilgrimage, especially during the Pir’s mela (fair).[1] It attracts a large number of pilgrims during Urs festival.[2]

Muslims in the area are believed to be chiefly Ashrafs and are said to be descendants of Muslims who invaded Bengal in the 14th century. There is a tradition that the Bagdi king who ruled here was defeated by Hazrat Shah Kabir Halibi and Hazrat Karamuddin, both of whom were killed in the battle. Their tombs are revered to this day by both Hindus and Muslims.[3]

Furfura Sharif contains the mazaar of one Abu Bakr Siddique[4] and his five sons, popularly known as the Panch Huzur Keblah. Abu Bakr Siddique was born in 1846 in Furfura-Sharif, a direct descendant of the first caliph Abu Bakr.[5][6] He was a social and religious reformer,who founded charitable institutes, orphanages, madrasas, schools and learning centers. He encouraged female education by establishing a School for girls in Furfura Sharif named Siddiqua High School. He was the founder of the "Order Of Furfura Sharif" or "Silsila-e-Furfura Sharif" and a religious congregation observed on the 21st 22nd and 23rd of Falgun Bengali month (Approx 5th, 6th & 7 March).[7][8]

Furfura Mazar

Geography[edit]

Furfura is located at 22°44′N 88°08′E / 22.74°N 88.13°E / 22.74; 88.13

Villages in Furfura panchayat are as follows: Furfura, Purba Durgapur, Gopalnagar, Hosenpur, Dakshindihi, Rampara, Toralpur, Chak Barada, Belpara, Ramnagar, Nilarpur, Charpur, Bakcha, Kashipur, Ramchandrapur, Hazipur, and Bhimpur.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Furfura had a population of 6,720 out of which 1,133 belonged to scheduled castes and 195 belonged to scheduled tribes.[9]

Education[edit]

Furfura High Madrasah, established in 1908, is the oldest high madrasah in the district.[10]

The Calcutta Madrasah controls three other “madrasah colleges” in the state — the “colleges” at Batna (in Malda district), Beldanga (in Murshidabad district) and Furfura Sharif. With the introduction of “modern subjects” including computer application, the teachers for these colleges will now be recruited through the Public Service Commission.[11]

Sk Md Rofiqul Islam was Assistant Teacher and Teacher-in-Charge, Furfura Fatehia Senior Madrasah won the National Award for Teachers in 2007.[12][13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hooghly District". Places of Interest. District administration. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  2. ^ "West Bengal Tourism Policy, 2008". Fairs and Festivals Tourism. Government of West Bengal, Department of Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  3. ^ A Brief History of the Hughli District By D. G. Crawford. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  4. ^ Choudhury, Dewan Nurul Anwar Hussain (2012). "Siddiqi, Abdul Hai". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  5. ^ "Family Tree Of Hazrat Mujaddid Jaman Md.Abu Bakar Siddique(Rah.)". Furfurasharif.com. Retrieved 2012-02-05. 
  6. ^ "সাজরা শরীফ". Furfurasharif.com. Retrieved 2012-02-05. 
  7. ^ Qadri, M. Aqib Farid. "Conveying Rewards to the Deceased (Isaale Sawaab)". Islamic Academy. Retrieved 2009-05-12. 
  8. ^ "Dariapur Sharif's Isale Sawab on Jan 17". Financial Express, 14 January 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-12. 
  9. ^ a b "Census Data District Name: Hooghly(12) Block Name: Jangipara (0016)". West Bengal Govt. Retrieved 2009-02-04. [dead link]
  10. ^ "Contents showing the district-wise total number of different types of Madrasahs recognised by West Bengal Board of Madrasah Education as on 30.04.2001". Hooghly District. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  11. ^ Shamsi, Mohammed Shafi. "Finally, Calcutta Madrasa gets status of college". Indian Express, 3 March 2006. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  12. ^ "National Award to Teachers, 2007" (PDF). Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development, (Department of School Education & Literacy). Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  13. ^ Singh, Shiv Sahay. "16 state teachers to be honoured by Centre". Indian Express, 5 September 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 

External links[edit]

External links[edit]