Furir

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Korpral

Furir (from French fourrier, a person responsible for feed[1]) was a Swedish military rank above Korpral and below Sergeant awarded after completing 11 months of level 8 conscript training. Level 8 means that the holder has received some basic leadership training at team leader level. Riflemen, MP men and deputy team-leaders (5 men) of cavalry and riflemen at the Nordic Battle Group typically have this rank [ref: K3, K3, K1, NBG]. Other holders of the rank are the deputy team-leaders of the Home Guard. In Sweden, the rank corresponds to Lance Corporal in the USMC and the British Army.[2][3][4]

In January 2009, holders of the rank were elevated to Sergeant and the rank ceased to exist.

History and related ranks[edit]

Origin 15th century[edit]

The responsibility of a furir was to arrange for housing as well as the distribution of food in a Company. French court artist Jean Perréal was "fourrier" to Charlotte de Savoy and her daughter Anne, as well as to Margret of Austria, daughter of emperor Maximilian I.

1833/37[edit]

The rank becomes the lowest underofficers rank.

1875[edit]

Holders of the rank Furir were elevated to Sergeant and the rank was removed.

1914[edit]

The rank was reintroduced, not categorized as underofficer, but as a rank for senior squad leaders and instructors.

1944[edit]

Establishment of the rank Överfurir above Furir. Removed 1983 as a professional rank.

2009[edit]

The rank was removed.

Reform 1972 - Rank inflation phase I[edit]

Prior to 1972, military personnel were divided into three categories Underbefäl (non-commissioned officers), Underofficerare (warrant officers) and Officerare (commissioned officers). The reform established a four-career-path system with four categories as described below and carried out major promotions of most personnel below the rank Överstelöjtnant.

The Underbefäl category was split into two categories

  • gruppbefäl to include
korpral - former vicekorpral
furir - former korpral
överfurir - former furir
  • plutonsofficerare to include
sergeant - former överfurir
fanjunkare - former elderly överfurir and rustmästare

The Underofficer category was renamed kompaniofficerare to include

fänrik - former sergeant and fanjunkare with less than 3 years of service
löjtnant - former sergeant and fanjunkare with 3-7 years of service
kapten - former sergeant, fanjunkare with a minimum of 7 years of serviceand and förvaltare

The Officer category was renamed regementsofficerare to include

löjtnant - Löjtnant with less than 3 years of service and former fänrik
kapten - kapten with less than 11 years of service and former Löjtnant with 3-11 years of service
major - former kapten and löjtnant with a minimum of 11 years of service
överstelöjtnant - överstelöjtnant and former major
higher ranks

Reform 1983 - Rank inflation phase II[edit]

All categories were merged into one professional officer category with the lowest rank set to fänrik. Furir, överfurir, sergeant and fanjunkare were removed as a professional ranks. Holders of the rank fanjunkare were promoted to löjtnant and the rest to fänrik.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elof Hellquist (1922). "Furir". Svensk etymologisk ordbok (1st ed.) – via Project Runeberg. 
  2. ^ The Swedish Armed Forces official website - military ranks (accessed on July 13, 2007) (in Swedish)
  3. ^ http://www.goarmy.com/about/ranks_and_insignia.jsp USA enlisted ranks
  4. ^ : [1]