||It has been suggested that Timmons Arena be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since June 2016.|
|Furman Academy and Theological Institution
Furman Theological Institution
|Motto||Christo et Doctrinae|
Motto in English
|For Christ and Learning|
|Endowment||$650 million |
|Location||Greenville, South Carolina, U.S.|
750-acre (304 ha)
|Colors||Purple and White |
|Athletics||NCAA Division I – SoCon|
|Sports||20 varsity teams|
Furman University is a private, coeducational liberal arts college located in Greenville, South Carolina. Furman is the oldest and most selective private institution of higher learning in South Carolina.
Founded in 1826, Furman enrolls approximately 2,700 undergraduate students and 200 graduate students, representing 46 states and 53 foreign countries, on its 750-acre (304 ha) campus.
- 1 History
- 2 Presidents
- 3 Academics
- 4 Campus
- 5 Environmental sustainability
- 6 Student life
- 7 Athletics
- 8 Points of interest
- 9 Notable alumni
- 10 Notable faculty
- 11 References
- 12 External links
|This section needs expansion with: history during 1940s–1980s, 2010s. You can help by adding to it. (September 2014)|
Furman Academy and Theological Institution was established by the South Carolina Baptist Convention and incorporated in December 1825 in Edgefield, but was moved to the High Hills of the Santee (now Stateburg, South Carolina) in 1829 because of financial difficulties. When the school was threatened with financial collapse again in 1834, the Reverend Jonathan Davis, chairman of the Board of Agents, urged the board to move the school to his native Fairfield County, South Carolina. It was not until 1851 that South Carolina Baptists were able to raise the necessary funds for the removal of the school to Greenville, South Carolina.
Growth and expansion
The first school building from the downtown Greenville campus was transported to the current campus, where it still stands. In 1933, students from the Greenville Women's College began attending classes with Furman students. Shortly thereafter, the two schools merged to form the present institution.
In 1924, Furman was named one of four collegiate beneficiaries of the Duke Endowment. Through 2007, Furman has received $110 million from The Endowment, which is now one of the nation’s largest philanthropic foundations. Three other colleges — Duke, Davidson and Johnson C. Smith — also receive annual support and special grants from The Endowment.
As of the late 1950s, separate but equal laws had continued to allow Furman to not admit African Americans as students, part of the South's history of racial segregation in the United States. Soon after Brown v. Board of Education integrated public schools, some Furman students began to press for change. In 1955, some students wrote short stories and poems in The Echo, a student literary magazine, in support of integration; school administrators destroyed all 1,500 printed copies. In 1956, Furman began construction on its new campus, five miles (8 km) north of downtown Greenville. Classes on the new campus began in 1958.
By 1963, enough faculty were siding with the students over racial segregation that Furman's board of trustees voted for an open admission policy. The trustees' decision was postponed and later overturned by South Carolina's Baptist Convention; open admissions weren't established at Furman until its incoming president, Gordon Blackwell, a past president of Florida State University, made open admissions a condition of his acceptance of the new position. Joe Vaughn, a graduate of Sterling High School, became Furman's first black undergraduate in February 1965.
After the 1991-92 academic year, Furman ended its affiliation with the Southern Baptist Convention and became a private, secular university, while keeping Christo et Doctrinae (For Christ and Learning) as the school's motto. Furman's "heritage is rooted in the non-creedal, free church Baptist tradition which has always valued particular religious commitments while insisting not only on the freedom of the individual to believe as he or she sees fit but also on respect for a diversity of religious perspectives, including the perspective of the non-religious person."
David Shi, a historian, author and champion of sustainability, served as the university’s president from 1994 to 2010. Rod Smolla resigned for personal reasons after holding the top post for nearly three years. Carl F. Kohrt held the position on an interim basis, until Elizabeth Davis became Furman’s 12th President on July 1, 2014. Davis came to Furman from Baylor University in Texas, where she was Executive Vice President and Provost.
All students must complete general education requirements as part of the liberal arts curriculum. The general education requirements include mind and body wellness, textual analysis, two natural sciences, math/formal reasoning, two empirical studies of human behavior, history, ultimate question, foreign language, and world culture.
Furman University is the highest-ranked liberal arts college in South Carolina, the fifth highest ranked liberal arts college in the South, and nationally ranked #51 in US News and World Report's list of the top national liberal arts colleges. Furman's 2015 acceptance rate was 64.1%.
The university's engaged learning academic program, which promotes problem-solving, project-oriented, experience-based education, has been mentioned in The Princeton Review, Peterson's Competitive Colleges, The Fiske Guide to Colleges and The College Board College Handbook. The Princeton Review featured Furman in its "Best 378 Colleges" list and named Furman a "Best Southeastern College." The James B. Duke Library also received special attention, being ranked no. 7 in "Best College Library." Most recently, Forbes ranked Furman no. 14 in its list of top Southern colleges and universities and no. 76 nationwide.
In terms of the quality of the students, Furman was ranked no. 30 in the SSRN's "U.S Colleges and Universities Preference Rankings" based on the choice to enroll of high-achieving students. The Chronicle of Higher Education noted Furman was no. 32 in the nation for the percentage of National Merit Scholars in its 2005-2006 freshman class.
Furthermore, publications have taken notice of Furman's academics, as well as its environmental responsibility. Furman was ranked no. 2 in The Daily Beast's 2011 edition of "Most Rigorous Colleges in America" and no. 13 on Newsweek's list in 2012. The Princeton Review featured Furman in its "Guide to 286 Green Colleges," where it received a green rating of 98, with 99 being the highest possible score. Additionally, the Sierra Club included Furman in its list of the top 50 eco-friendly universities in America.
Furman University's campus is located at the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains in the upstate region of South Carolina. A 40-acre (16.2 ha) lake is a highlight of the 750-acre (304 ha) wooded campus.
Paris Mountain State Park overlooks the lake and campus. Most buildings are of Georgian-style architecture. Many academic buildings and student residences stand around the lake, including the Bell Tower, which figures highly in school insignias and is a replica of the tower that once existed on the men's campus in downtown Greenville. Today, the campus is anchored by its newly expanded 128,000-square foot (12,000 m²) James B. Duke Library. Informally known as "The Country Club of the South," Furman was named one of the 362 most beautiful places in America by the American Society of Landscape Architects.
The fall 1997 issue of Planning for Higher Education names Furman as a benchmark campus for its landscaping. The 1997 Princeton Review ranked Furman fifth in its list of beautiful campuses, based on student ratings of campus beauty. In 2011, Travel+Leisure listed Furman as one of the most beautiful college campuses in the United States.
On the north side of the lake are the four Greenbelt housing cabins, and the Cliffs Cottage, which is a "green" building built as a showcase home in conjunction with Southern Living magazine. Most juniors and seniors live in North Village Apartments, located on the north side of the Cliffs Cottage. The remaining upperclassmen are either placed in dorm-style residence halls or enter a lottery to receive an apartment in The Vinings, an apartment complex next to campus owned by the university. There are two other residence complexes (called Lakeside and South Housing) which house freshmen and sophomores. The campus also includes an Asian Garden, the centerpiece of which is the Place of Peace, a Buddhist temple moved to the site from Japan and reconstructed by traditional carpenters. A replica of the cabin that Henry David Thoreau inhabited while writing On Walden Pond is located on the west side of the lake.
In 2013, the City of Travelers Rest annexed the Furman campus within its city limits. Greenville remains the listed city for campus addresses.
Furman University sustainability efforts are in keeping with national standards. Furman is working to conserve, reduce and recycle on campus, is constructing green buildings, provides students with alternative transportation. Furman has it owns farm on campus. The Furman Farm is a ¼ acre garden located beside the Cliffs Cottage and the Furman Lake. A wide variety of produce is grown throughout the year using sustainable agricultural practices such as crop rotations, composting, drip lines, natural fertilizers, and integrated pest management.  The university hopes to achieve carbon neutrality by 2026. 
Furman was one of few institutions to receive a grade of “A-” from the Sustainable Endowments Institute on its College Sustainability Report Card in 2011, it was one of the highest grades awarded. 
Undergraduate student housing
All full-time students, except those who are married or living at home with their parents or guardians, are required to live on campus in university housing. Furman undergraduates can choose between south campus housing and lakeside housing. South Housing includes the Geer, Manly, Poteat, Blackwell and McGlothlin dorms. Lakeside Housing includes the Gambrell, Ramsey, Judson, Townes, McBee, Haynsworth, and Chiles dorm. All student housing has air-conditioning, closets, wireless Internet access, and washer-dryer usage. The North Village is an apartment complex that offers apartment-style living for upperclassmen. North Village apartments offer two or four bedrooms, living room, full kitchen, balcony, two vanity areas, two bathrooms and closet and storage space. Within each bedroom, a full-size bed, desk, desk chair and dresser/hutch is provided for each resident. In 2012, the annual costs for residing in the on-campus dormitories was $5,198 per student.
Furman University students are required to have a meal plan. Freshmen students are required to have an unlimited meal plan. The main dining facility is the Daniel Dining Hall. Renovated in 2006, Daniel Hall offers buffet-style dining and an Einstein Bros. Bagels location upstairs. The PalaDEN, dubbed the "P-Den" by students, offers Chick-Fil-A, Moe's Southwest Grill, Southern Pressed Juicery, and Sushi with Gusto. In 2011, a Barnes & Noble was built on campus, where students can get coffee from the Barnes & Noble Cafe which features Starbucks products. The Paddock is an updated dining area with a bar and sit-down restaurant.
Furman University Student Government Association (SGA) works under a semi-Presidential system. SGA is made up of the executive council, and president, secretary, and two senators for each class. Each class elects a president, vice president, secretary, and treasurer. Upon election council members are assigned within one of six committees to specialize in a particular area of student needs.
Fraternities and sororities
Furman University has five fraternities and eight sororities. Fraternities on campus: Beta Theta Pi, Kappa Alpha Order, Pi Kappa Phi, Sigma Chi, Tau Kappa Epsilon and Sigma Nu. Sororities on campus: Alpha Delta Pi, Alpha Kappa Alpha, Chi Omega, Delta Delta Delta, Delta Gamma, Kappa Delta, Kappa Kappa Gamma, and Zeta Tau Alpha. The school also has two music based fraternities including Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, a men's social fraternity with emphasis in music, along with Sigma Alpha Iota, a primarily female professional music organization.
Furman competes in NCAA Division I athletics, and at the FCS (Football Championship Subdivision) level in football and is one of the smallest NCAA Division I schools in the nation. Furman fields 18 men's and women's teams, as well as 16 club sports and many intramural teams. The university is a member of the Southern Conference. Furman is the only liberal arts college to be ranked in Sports Illustrated Top-100 America's Best Sports Colleges and has 32 former student-athletes competing at the professional level - the most of any Southern Conference member school.
The team nickname, the Paladins, was first used by a Greenville, South Carolina, sportswriter in the 1930s. For many years the name "Paladins" just referred to Furman's basketball team. Until 1961 the school's baseball teams were known as the "Hornets" and the football teams as the "Hurricanes". On Sept. 15, of that year, the student body voted to make "Paladins" the official nickname of all of the university's intercollegiate athletic teams.
Points of interest
- Bell Tower and Burnside Carillon, a 59 bell carillon by Van Bergen
- Charles Ezra Daniel Memorial Chapel's Hartness Organ
- Cherrydale Alumni House
- David E. Shi Center for Sustainability
- Doughboy Statue honoring Furman students who served in World War I
- James B. Duke Library's Special Collections & Archives department, which houses the South Carolina Baptist Historical Collection and the South Carolina Poetry Archives
- Janie Earle Furman Rose Garden
- Place of Peace and Asia Garden
- Replica of Thoreau's Walden cabin
Furman University is the alma mater to a head of government, a Nobel Prize laureate, winners of the Newbery Medal and the Grammy Award, as well as U.S. Senators, U.S. Congressmen, state governors, and other government officials, judges, business leaders, entertainers, and athletes.
Notable alumni include soccer player Clint Dempsey; singer-songwriter Amy Grant; Bear Rinehart, lead singer of band Needtobreathe; Herman Lay, founder of the Lay's snack food manufacturer; psychologist John B. Watson, founder of Behaviorism; U.S. Representative and former South Carolina Governor Mark Sanford; Clement Haynsworth, nominee for the United States Supreme Court; Nobel Prize winning physicist Charles Hard Townes; former prime minister of Finland Alexander Stubb; and former United States Secretary of Education Richard Riley.
- Jay Bocook - Music, composer of music for 1984 Olympic Games Opening Ceremonies in Los Angeles
- Thomas T. Goldsmith Jr. - Physics, television pioneer, video game inventor
- Mark Kilstofte - Music, winner of the American Academy in Rome's Rome Prize for 2002-2003
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- "Duke Endowment: Partners in Progress". Archived from the original on 2009-10-12. Retrieved 2014-09-05.
Furman is indeed fortunate that Duke’s esteem for Bennette E. Geer influenced him to include the university in the trust. Through 2007, Furman has received $110 million from The Endowment, which is now one of the nation’s largest philanthropic foundations. Three other colleges — Duke, Davidson and Johnson C. Smith — also receive annual support and special grants from The Endowment.
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- "The Furman Farm".
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-  Archived February 14, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.