Furner's Green

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Furner's Green
Oast House at Heaven Farm, Furner's Green, East Sussex - geograph.org.uk - 957313.jpg
Furner's Green is located in East Sussex
Furner's Green
Furner's Green
Furner's Green shown within East Sussex
OS grid reference TQ409267
• London 33 miles (53 km) N
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town UCKFIELD
Postcode district TN22
Dialling code 01825
Police Sussex
Fire East Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
East Sussex
51°01′N 0°00′E / 51.02°N 0.00°E / 51.02; 0.00Coordinates: 51°01′N 0°00′E / 51.02°N 0.00°E / 51.02; 0.00

Furner's Green is a hamlet in the civil parish of Danehill in East Sussex, England.

Geography[edit]

Furner's Green lies on the Greenwich Meridian about 9 miles (14 km) north-west of Uckfield and approximately 7 miles (11 km) to the east of Haywards Heath on the southern edge of Ashdown Forest.

Geology[edit]

Lime kilns at Annwood Farm ('Handwood Farm' on the 1795 Ordnance Survey map) are shown on the 1875 Ordnance Survey map. Lime would have been used locally to improve the heavy, clay-rich Wealden soil, in the mixing of mortar for construction, and was also used in Sussex for plasterwork and 'white washing'. There is no evidence of limestone outcropping in this area, but Sussex does have small workable outcrops of 'Sussex Marble' or 'Winklestone' and so it is likely that chalk was imported to this location from the chalk workings of the South Downs. The abundance of local timber in the nearby Annwood and Maskett's Wood would have been invaluable for lime manufacture[1]

History[edit]

In William Gardener's 1795 map of Sussex (1 inch to a mile scale), which was to some part based on the findings of an earlier (1778) survey by himself and Thomas Yeakell, it is interesting to note that Furner's Green is referred to as 'Turners Green'.[2] A later anomaly can be found in the 1879 recollections of Thomas Chatfield, a long-time resident of the area, who is reported to call the hamlet 'Furriers Green'[3]

Colin Godman's Farm has been traced back to at least 1550 and reputedly was for a while involved in the smuggling of wool for export. It, and other substantial properties are clearly marked on the 1875 Ordnance Survey map.[4] John Baker-Holroyd (later Baron Sheffield) is noted as owning the property in 1768 records[5]

The iron industry[edit]

The iron workings at Sheffield Mill are reported in detail by John Shreve, master of works during the reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI.[6]

A lease agreement dating to 1580 refers to the 'decaied Ironworks, sometimes called the furnes for the casting of raw iron there'. On the site there is also a 'corne' mill. The degree of development at Sheffield Mill, simply for grinding corn, was substantial at that time, for mention is made of 'banks, baies, ponds, waters, watercourses, waterlaies, fludgates and waterworcks'. The hammer mill and forge required waterwheels, bellows, coal houses and places in which to work the material. And yet, to visit the site now, evidence of this industrial history is almost gone.

Land ownership[edit]

Before selling of properties in the early to mid twentieth century, many of the properties in Furner's Green were part of the Sheffield Park or Danehurst estates.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sussex Industrial Archaeology Society website". Retrieved 2007-03-10. 
  2. ^ "The Weald website 1795 map". Retrieved 2007-03-10. 
  3. ^ "The Weald website". Retrieved 2007-03-10. 
  4. ^ "The Weald website". Retrieved 2007-03-10. 
  5. ^ "Department for Culture, The National Archive website". Retrieved 2007-03-10. 
  6. ^ "The National Archives". Retrieved 2007-03-10. 

External links[edit]