Furneux Pelham

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Furneux Pelham
Furneux Pelham - Time Flies and Mind Your Business... - geograph.org.uk - 86513.jpg
Church clock, Furneux Pelham
Furneux Pelham Hall, the West wing seen from the west (geograph 4392607).jpg
Furneux Pelham Hall, West Wing
Furneux Pelham is located in Hertfordshire
Furneux Pelham
Furneux Pelham
 Furneux Pelham shown within Hertfordshire
Area  4.18 km2 (1.61 sq mi)
Population 553 (2011 census)[1]
   – density  132/km2 (340/sq mi)
OS grid reference TL4327
District East Hertfordshire
Shire county Hertfordshire
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BUNTINGFORD
Postcode district SG9
Dialling code 01279
Police Hertfordshire
Fire Hertfordshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Hertfordshire

Coordinates: 51°55′52″N 0°04′48″E / 51.931°N 0.080°E / 51.931; 0.080

Furneux Pelham or Furneaux Pelham /ˌfɜrnəks ˈpɛləm/[2] is a village and civil parish in Hertfordshire, England. The village is one of the Pelhams, part of an early medieval larger swathe of land known as Pelham including Brent Pelham to the north and Stocking Pelham to the east and north-east.

The village is largely linear covering much of the width of the parish from east to west and is buffered by gently sloped fields with some woodland to all sides. It is known for its ford (Violet's Lane) to the north along the upper Ash which is over 1 kilometre (1,100 yd) long traversable by 4x4 enthusiasts most of the year and in the periods of least flow by experienced off-road motorcyclists.

Landmarks[edit]

Main aspect of church
Part of the 1km long ford

The village has a church, St Mary the Virgin, with a medieval carved wooden roof which was restored and elaborately painted in the 1960s by the artist John Norbury. The spire has the motto "Time Flies, Mind your Business'" on the clock. Furneux Pelham has a large pub the Brewery Tap opposite the site of the former Rayments Brewery. A central cluster of 11 homes is pre-Edwardian and listed around one of the village's three-ways junctions accompanied by later houses in more basic and some in a similar style.

Furneux Pelham Hall[edit]

Furneux Pelham Hall has parts dating from the 18th century and is Grade II* listed, the middle category of listed building under the national statutory preservation scheme for buildings and their setting. Furneux Pelham Hall has two barns dating to the 17th and 18th century with some farmland to the west. It is late 16th century with later modifications and listed in the middle category of listed building and has distinctive half-free gable ends with small attic windows inbuilt with intermittent square-moulded brick labels to resemble stone along with a dark brick facade and large contrasting white 19th multi-panelled century wood-barred and transomed casements around the windows. Its main staircase dates from late 17th century as does wood paneling as well as from the century earlier.[3]

In the far south-east Hixham Hall, a farm and from its name implying former lesser manor has a granary and barn which are 17th century timber-framed construction, initial category but rare listed buildings in the home counties of this type and date.[4]

Barleycroft End and East End[edit]

The village street progresses east into these localities of Furneux Pelham.

History[edit]

Pelham undivided in the Domesday book of 1086 appears as one key holding of that survey and six others. It contained 105 households and was assessed as worth 12.3 geld/gold units (very large) taxable at 3.3 geld units. To its lord in 1066 its people rendered £6 per year; then one less in in 1086 £5. Its main holding counted (as men or other heads of household) 7 villagers, 7 smallholders, 1 slave, 1 priest and 6 cottagers recorded in the national survey, 7 ploughlands, 3 lord's plough teams, 4 men's plough teams, meadow of 2.5 ploughlands, woodland worth 100 pigs. Its Lords in 1066 were five freemen and one thane as feudal tenants holding of Almer of Bennington; King Edward and Eskil of Ware. Its replacement lords by 1086 were two men-at arms holding of the Bishop of London (St Paul's).[5]

In the 19th century the economy remained very agricultural, with large families occupying fewer buildings and few of the other industries, retired economic sector and broad-based businesses seen today.

...a parish, in the union of Bishop-Stortford...5½ miles (E. by S.) from Buntingford; containing 682 inhabitants. The living [benefice] is a discharged [of upkeep of church] vicarage, consolidated with that of Brent-Pelham, and valued in the king's books at £9: the impropriate tithes have been commuted [ended] for £545. 10., and the vicarial [remaining until conversion with the church] for £151...the burial-place of the Calvert family, on the south side of the chancel; at the west end is a square tower, embattled, and surmounted by a short spire.

The former brewery of the village was built in 1860 by William Rayment and when it was purchased by Greene King in 1928 it had an estate of 35 public houses.[7] The brewery closed in 1987 while supplying, optionally with other Greene King competing ales, 27 public houses with its one remaining beer, Rayments BBA.[8]

A murder took place of retired Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Riley Workman on 7 January 2004.[9] A former gamekeeper committed the murder after some time caught and sentenced, to a minimum of 32 years in November 2012.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Key Statistics: Population. (2011 census) ONS. Retrieved 2015-02-27.
  2. ^ Pronouncing British Placenames at BBC's Edited Guide Entry h2g2 site
  3. ^ Grade II* listing Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1176538)". National Heritage List for England. 
  4. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1101898)". National Heritage List for England. 
  5. ^ Brent, Furneaux Pelham and Stocking Pelham Opendomesday project. Accessed 29 May 2015.
  6. ^ A Topographical Dictionary of England, S Lewis, 1848, London.
  7. ^ "Funding Universe". Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  8. ^ "CAMRA St Neots and District Newsletter No. 63" (PDF). CAMRA. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  9. ^ "The Independent". The Independent. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  10. ^ Colonel Riley Workman murder: Former gamekeeper guilty BBC online news 5 November 2012, accessed 5 November 2012

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Furneux Pelham at Wikimedia Commons