Furnival's Inn was founded about 1383 when William de Furnival, 4th Lord Furnival leased a boarding facility to Clerks of Chancery, who prepared writs for the king’s courts, assisted by apprentices who, as such, received a preliminary legal training. By the 15th century the Inns of Chancery had become preparatory schools for students wishing to be called to the bar by the Inns of Court. In 1548 it was affiliated to Lincoln's Inn through a long term lease. Sir Thomas More was Reader at the Inn from 1504 to 1507.
By the seventeenth century, the Inns of Chancery began to turn into societies for attorneys and solicitors; they became residences, offices and dining clubs. The greater part of the old Inn was taken down in Charles I.'s time, and a new building erected in its stead. Although it survived the Great Fire of London, the Inn, together with the other Inns of Chancery, ceased to exist in the 19th century. According to the Gentleman's Magazine of June 1818, "'Furnival's Inn Cellar' was a place well known to the professional gentlemen, where a good dinner may be had at a reasonable price." The Inn was dissolved as a society in 1817 when Lincoln's Inn did not renew its lease and the medieval building was demolished in 1818. The building was rebuilt as apartments by a new owner who retained the old name.
Charles Dickens rented rooms here between December 1834 and throughout the first year of his marriage, until 1837. He began the Pickwick Papers while a tenant there. The character John Westlock in Martin Chuzzlewit lives in Furnival’s Inn, and describes it as
"...a shady, quiet place, echoing to the footsteps of the stragglers who have business there; and rather monotonous and gloomy on summer evenings. ... there are snug chambers in those Inns where the bachelors live, and, for the desolate fellows they pretend to be, it is quite surprising how well they get on".
J.M. Barrie lived in a set of chambers at No. 7 Furnival's Inn from 1888 to 1889. The site was redeveloped again, in 1879, as the headquarters of the Prudential Assurance. A plaque marks the site where Furnival's Inn stood.
Furnival's Inn was an area for local government partly in the City of London and partly in Middlesex. It was an extra-parochial area and became a civil parish in 1858 within the Holborn Poor Law Union. The part within the City of London was transferred to St Andrew Holborn in 1900. The remaining parish was part of the Metropolitan Borough of Holborn from 1900 and was abolished as a civil parish in 1930. It was unpopulated after the construction of Holborn Bars.
- "Ground plan of Furnivals Inn", British Library
- History of Parliament: Sir Thomas More
- Parker, David. "Dickens, the Inns of Court, and the Inns of Chancery", The Literary London Journal, March 2010
- Cunningham, Peter. Hand-Book of London, 1850
- "Elegy written at Furnival's Inn", Gentleman's Magazine, 88, June 1818, 544
- "Charles Dickens, Homes and other associated places", Victorian Web, (George P. Landow, ed.)
- Cox, Helen. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Dickens Entertain at Home, Elsevier, 2014 ISBN 9781483160450
- Denis Mackail, The Story of J.M.B. (Peter Davies, 1941)
- Youngs, Frederic (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England. I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0-901050-67-9.
- D. S. Bland, Early records of Furnival's Inn, 1957.
- "Dickens in Furnival's Inn", The New York Times, April 4, 1886
- Contemporary note of the demolition in 1897: http://nq.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/issue_pdf/frontmatter_pdf/s9-II/49.pdf