Furovirus

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Furovirus
Virus classification
Group: Group IV ((+)ssRNA)
Family: Virgaviridae
Genus: Furovirus
Type Species

Furovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Virgaviridae. Graminae, winter wheat, wheat, triticale, oat, sorghum bicolor, and plants serve as natural hosts. There are currently six species in this genus including the type species Soil-borne wheat mosaic virus. Diseases associated with this genus include: (SBWMV): green and yellow mosaic.[1][2]

Taxonomy[edit]

Group: ssRNA(+)

[2]

Structure[edit]

Viruses in Furovirus are non-enveloped, with rod-shaped geometries, and helical symmetry. The diameter is around 20 nm, with a length of 260-300 nm. Genomes are linear and segmented, around 3.5-3.6kb in length.[1]

Genus Structure Symmetry Capsid Genomic Arrangement Genomic Segmentation
Furovirus Rod-shaped Helical Non-Enveloped Linear Segmented

Life Cycle[edit]

Viral replication is cytoplasmic. Entry into the host cell is achieved by penetration into the host cell. Replication follows the positive stranded RNA virus replication model. Positive stranded rna virus transcription is the method of transcription. Translation takes place by suppression of termination. The virus exits the host cell by monopartite non-tubule guided viral movement. Graminae, winter wheat, wheat, triticale, oat, sorghum bicolor, host, and plants serve as the natural host. The virus is transmitted via a vector (fungus). Transmission routes are vector.[1]

Genus Host Details Tissue Tropism Entry Details Release Details Replication Site Assembly Site Transmission
Furovirus Plants None Unknown Viral movement Cytoplasm Cytoplasm Mechanical inoculation: fungus

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. 

External links[edit]