Fusa

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Fusa kommune
Municipality
View of the Sævareidfjorden
View of the Sævareidfjorden
Coat of arms of Fusa kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Fusa kommune
Hordaland within
Norway
Fusa within Hordaland
Fusa within Hordaland
Coordinates: 60°14′50″N 05°48′26″E / 60.24722°N 5.80722°E / 60.24722; 5.80722Coordinates: 60°14′50″N 05°48′26″E / 60.24722°N 5.80722°E / 60.24722; 5.80722
Country Norway
County Hordaland
District Midhordland
Administrative centre Eikelandsosen
Government
 • Mayor (2009) Atle Kvåle (Ap)
Area
 • Total 377.84 km2 (145.88 sq mi)
 • Land 353.71 km2 (136.57 sq mi)
 • Water 24.13 km2 (9.32 sq mi)
Area rank 248 in Norway
Population (2017)
 • Total 3,895
 • Rank 235 in Norway
 • Density 11.0/km2 (28/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 3.9 %
Demonym(s) Fusing[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1241
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.fusa.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Fusa is a municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. It is located east of the city of Bergen in the Midhordland region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Eikelandsosen. Other villages in the municipality include Fusa, Holdhus, Holmefjord, Vinnes, Strandvik, and Sundvord. The Frank Mohn company's Fusa marine division is headquartered here, with almost 500 employees.

The 378-square-kilometre (146 sq mi) municipality is the 248th largest by area out of the 426 municipalities in Norway. Fusa is the 235th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 3,895. The municipality's population density is 11 inhabitants per square kilometre (28/sq mi) and its population has increased by 3.9% over the last decade.[2]

General information[edit]

Map of Fusa
View of the Fusafjorden
Historic church in Holdhus

The district of Fusa was separated from the municipality of Os in 1856 to become a separate municipality. Initially, Fusa had 3,173 residents. On 1 January 1903, the municipality of Fusa was divided into three separate municipalities: Hålandsdal in the east (population: 647), Strandvik in the south (population: 1,876), and a much smaller Fusa in the west (population: 1,072).

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, there were two changes to Fusa municipality. The Bogstrand area of Fusa, located on the west side of the Fusafjorden (population: 28) was transferred to the municipality of Os. Also on that date, the municipalities of Hålandsdal (population: 528) and Strandvik (population: 2,053) were merged with Fusa (population: 1,466) to form a much larger municipality of Fusa.[3]

On 1 January 2020, the neighboring municipalities of Os and Fusa will be merged together once again, but this time using the name Bjørnafjorden.[4]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Fusa farm (Old Norse: Fúsar), since the first Fusa Church was built there. The name may be derived from the Old Norse word fúss which means "eager" (possibly referring to a strong stream). The name may instead have been derived from the old verb fusa, which had some meaning referring to running water. Until 1918, the name was written Fuse.[5]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 27 September 1991. The arms show three blue spirals on a gray background. They symbolise the strong currents in the Fusafjorden and Bjørnafjorden. The spirals also symbolise the many giant's kettles (jettegryte) in the municipality, which were created by the water in the rocks.[6]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Fusa. It is part of the Hardanger og Voss deanery in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Fusa
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Fusa Fusa Church Fusa 1961
Holdhus Church Holdhus 1726
Hålandsdal Church Eide in Hålandsdal 1890
Strandvik Church Strandvik 1857
Sundvor Church Sundvord 1927

Geography[edit]

Fusa is located at the inner end of the Bjørnafjorden and its small arm, the Fusafjorden. The municipality of Os lies across the fjord to the west, Samnanger municipality lies to the north, Kvam municipality lies to the east, and Kvinnherad municipality lies to the south. Lakes in Fusa include Gjønavatnet, Skogseidvatnet, and Henangervatnet.

Government[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1951 1,514 —    
1960 1,516 +0.1%
1970 3,916 +158.3%
1980 3,765 −3.9%
1990 3,727 −1.0%
2000 3,684 −1.2%
2010 3,823 +3.8%
2017 3,895 +1.9%
Source: Statistics Norway.

All municipalities in Norway, including Fusa, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Fusa is made up of 21 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[7]

Fusa Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 6
  Progress Party Framstegspartiet 3
  Conservative Party Høgre 3
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 2
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 6
  Liberal Party Venstre 1
Total number of members: 21

Mayor[edit]

In 2007, Fusa participated in a trial where the mayor was directly elected. The sitting mayor, Hans S. Vindenes, won the election with 51.8% of the votes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-26. 
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  4. ^ "Bjørnafjorden kommune" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-26. 
  5. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1919). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (12 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 184, 189. 
  6. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2014-07-28. 
  7. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. 

External links[edit]