Fuseta

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Fuseta
Civil Parish (Freguesia)
Fuzeta.jpg
The shoreline and beachhead along the Atlantic coast of Fuseta
Flag
Coat of arms
Official name: Freguesia de Fuseta
Name origin: diminutive of foz, referring to river mouth
Country  Portugal
Region Algarve
Subregion Algarve
District Faro
Municipality Olhão
Center Fuseta
 - coordinates 37°3′N 7°45′W / 37.050°N 7.750°W / 37.050; -7.750Coordinates: 37°3′N 7°45′W / 37.050°N 7.750°W / 37.050; -7.750
Lowest point Sea level
 - location Atlantic Ocean, Fuseta, Olhão
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Area .36 km2 (0 sq mi)
Population 2,146 (2001)
Settlement 1572
 - Parish 12 March 1874
Timezone WET (UTC0)
 - summer (DST) WEST (UTC0)
Postal Zone 8700-019
Area Code & Prefix (+351) 289 XX XX XX
Patron Saint Nossa Senhora do Carmo
Statistics: Instituto Nacional de Estatística[1]
Geographic detail from CAOP (2010)[2] produced by Instituto Geográfico Português (IGP)

Fuseta (Portuguese pronunciation: [fuˈzetɐ]) is a former civil parish in the municipality of Olhão, Portugal. In 2013, the parish merged into the new parish Moncarapacho e Fuseta.[3] The parish occupies an area of approximately 0.36 square kilometres (0.14 sq mi) and at the 2001 census had a population of 2,146. This parish belonged to the Tavira Municipality until 1876.

History[edit]

Fuseta, dates back to 1572, when it was then referred to as Fozeta, a name that is derived from the diminutive for foz (referring to river mouth); the Rio Tronoco disgorges into the sea from this location. Initially, the area was just a collection of small shacks used by fishermen to store tools for their fishing boats. Gradually, it developed into a small settlement.

Fuseta first appeared on the books during the Portuguese Age of Discovery, when many of the villages fishermen shipped aboard the caravels to the spice routes and expeditions in the Far East. Gaspar Corte-Real, a nobleman and resident of this area, claimed to have discovered the land now known as Newfoundland in 1500, beginning many of the Portuguese ventures onto the Grand Banks in search of codfish.

The oldest religious place of worship in Fuseta, the Chapel of Nossa Senhora do Carmo (Our Lady of Carmo) existed by 1758. As the population grew, the Bishop of the Algarve, D. Francisco Gomes de Avelar, was petitioned to grant the ecumenical independence of the parish, which had previously been included in Moncarapacho. Although Fuseta became its own parish, on 12 March 1874, by Bishop D. André, who indicated the parish would remain a suffragette of Moncarapacho until population levels grow significantly. It was Bishop D. Francisco Gomes, on 22 October 1802, who finally established the new independent parish.

By 1790 the settlement included 90 fishermen and six fishing boats, which fished in the waters around Laraxe between April and September. From October to the end of Easter these fishermen would fish around Setúbal, and unloaded in Lisbon.

In 1835, the parish was exempted from paying fees to the Diocese, by the Governor of the Bishop, Dr. António de Santo Ilídio da Fonseca e Silva. It was this year that Fonseca and Silva determined the need to construct the parochial church, which was visited in 1898 by King Carlos. It was constructed on an elevated place using the income from maritime compromises in 1825 that separated Fuseta and Tavira.

Economy[edit]

The principal economic activity of Fuseta remains fishing and its derivatives. Owing to the beaches, camping parks and proximity to the island of Armona-Fuseta, the tourism industry has been growing.

Geography[edit]

With an area of 0.36 square kilometres (0.14 sq mi), Fuseta is located along the Algarvean coast, bounded on the north and west by the parish of Moncarapacho, to the south by the Ria Formosa and along the east by the municipality of Tavira.

Architecture[edit]

Civic[edit]

  • Cinema Topázio (Portuguese: Cinema Topázio)[4]
  • Maritime Police Delegation of Fuseta (Portuguese: Delegação Marítima da Fuseta)[5]
  • Neighborhood Fishermens' Residences (Portuguese: Bairro de Casas para Pescadores de Fuseta)[6]
  • Social Day Centre of Nossa Senhora do Carmo (Portuguese: Centro Social e Posto de Puericultura do Bairro de Pescadores de Fuseta/Centro de Dia Nossa Senhora do Carmo)[7]
  • Social Welfare Centre of Nossa Senhora de Fátima (Portuguese: Edifício na Rua da Igreja n.º 21/Colónia Balnear do Centro de Bem-Estar Social Nossa Senhora de Fátima de Olhão)[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ INE, ed. (2010), Censos 2011 - Resultadas Preliminares [2011 Census - Preliminary Results] (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, retrieved 1 January 2012 
  2. ^ IGP, ed. (2010), Carta Administrativa Oficial de Portugal (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal: Instituto Geográfico Português, archived from the original on 21 May 2011, retrieved 1 July 2011 
  3. ^ Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 83" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  4. ^ Agarez, Ricardo (2007). SIPA, ed. "Cinema Topázio (PT050810010035)" (in Portuguese). Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA–Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  5. ^ Gordalina, Rosário (2002). SIPA, ed. "Delegação Marítima da Fuseta (PT050810010018)" (in Portuguese). Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA–Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  6. ^ Agarez, Ricardo (2007). SIPA, ed. "Bairro de Casas para Pescadores de Fuseta (PT050810010017)" (in Portuguese). Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA–Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  7. ^ Agarez, Ricardo (2007). SIPA, ed. "Centro Social e Posto de Puericultura do Bairro de Pescadores de Fuseta/Centro de Dia Nossa Senhora do Carmo (PT050810010034)" (in Portuguese). Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA–Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  8. ^ Agarez, Ricardo (2007). SIPA, ed. "Edifício na Rua da Igreja n.º 21 / Colónia Balnear do Centro de Bem-Estar Social Nossa Senhora de Fátima de Olhão (PT050810010043)" (in Portuguese). Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA–Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico. Retrieved 30 October 2011.