Futian incident

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The Futian incident (Chinese: 富田事变; pinyin: Fùtián shìbiàn) is the common title for the December 1930 purge of a battalion of the Jiangxi-Fujian Soviet's "Red Army" at Futian (now in the Ji'an's Qingyuan District). The Futian battalion's leaders had mutinied against Mao Zedong's purge of the Jiangxi Action Committee, ordered on the pretext of its alleged connection to the Anti-Bolshevik League and ties to Trotskyism.[1]

Background[edit]

In response to the Anti-Bolshevik League incident, the Futian battalion rebelled against Mao, claiming that Mao was attempting to arrest generals Zhu De and Peng Dehuai, and surrender to the KMT army.[1] These claims were unfounded, but the rebellion highlights the friction that existed between factions of the Red Army during the early days of the Communist revolution. In response to the rebellion, 700 officers of the Futian battalion were arrested and executed, and the remnants of the battalion were absorbed into others.[citation needed]

During the Futian incident Zhu De and Peng Dehuai were unequivocal supporters of Mao, despite their different political positions. This allowed Mao's position as leader of the Red Army to be vindicated.[1]

Further developments[edit]

In September 1956, Mao admitted that the purges during the Anti-Bolshevik League incident, as well as the Futian incident, were a mistake, in which the wrong people were killed.[2] In 1988, President Yang Shangkun commissioned an investigation into the Futian incident, which recommended the rehabilitation of the victims, but it was never followed up due to the Tiananmen Square protests and subsequent massacre.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Tony Saich; Benjamin Yang; Bingzhang Yang (1996). The Rise to power of the Chinese Communist Party. Published by M.E. Sharpe,. pp. Page 510–530. ISBN 1563241552. ISBN 978-1-56324-155-0. 
  2. ^ "Literature of Chinese Communist Party", 1991; Issue 3