Futiga

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Futiga

Fūtiga
Village
Futiga is located in American Samoa
Futiga
Futiga
Coordinates: 14°21′12″S 170°45′15″W / 14.35333°S 170.75417°W / -14.35333; -170.75417Coordinates: 14°21′12″S 170°45′15″W / 14.35333°S 170.75417°W / -14.35333; -170.75417
Country United States
Territory American Samoa
CountyTualatai
Area
 • Total1.67 sq mi (4.33 km2)
Population
 (2012)
 • Total498
 • Density300/sq mi (120/km2)

Futiga (Samoan: Fūtiga, pronounced "Futinga") is a village in the southwest of Tutuila Island, American Samoa. It is located inland, seven miles southwest of Pago Pago, between the villages of 'Ili'ili and Leone. It is in Tualatai County.

Futiga is home of the Fagatele Bay Site, an archeological site which was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1997.

Geography[edit]

Fagatele Bay Trail is a 1-mile roundtrip hiking trail to the Fagatele Bay National Marine Sactuary from the village of Futiga. Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary is a protected nature area home to animals such as turtles and sharks. When traveling west on Route 1 to Futiga, turn left just before US Mart. Follow the road past the landfill until you reach a locked gate. The trailhead is located here.[1]

Fogama'a Crater is a 485-acre site on the shoreline in the village of Futiga. The crater lies immediately inland from Larsen Bay, which makes up two smaller coves, Fogāma'a and Fagalua. The crater illustrates the most recent episode of volcanism in American Samoa.[2]

Futiga is home to the only landfill site in American Samoa. In 2018, it was reported that the landfill only had two years left before it reached its limit. American Samoa Power Authority was unable to find another site in the territory and instead began recompacting the site in Futiga. By digging up the landfill and recompacting it, the landfill may be usable for up to fifteen years longer.[3][4]

Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary[edit]

Steps Point
Fagatele Bay sunset

Access to Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary is from the village of Futiga. Fagatele Bay is within National Marine Sanctuary of American Samoa and is one of two designated National Marine Sanctuaries in American Samoa. It is home to various species of animals, including hawksbill and green sea turtles. The nearest village is Taputimu, but the only access to the sanctuary is from Futiga.[5]

Fagatele Bay is a submerged volcanic crater surrounded by steep cliffs. It contains the last remaining stretch of coastal rainforest on Tutuila Island. A trail leads along Matautuloa Ridge to the lighthouse on the headland at Steps Point.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population growth[7]
2010 723
2000 731
1990 720
1980 322
1970 288
1960 205
1950 166
1940 68
1930 36

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.nps.gov/npsa/planyourvisit/upload/Day_Hikes_SB.pdf
  2. ^ Goldin, Meryl Rose (2002). Field Guide to the Samoan Archipelago: Fish, Wildlife, and Protected Areas. Bess Press. Page 282. ISBN 9781573061117.
  3. ^ https://www.bbc.com/news/blogs-news-from-elsewhere-42974480
  4. ^ https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/349774/american-samoa-landfill-gets-an-extension
  5. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1991). IUCN Directory of Protected Areas in Oceania. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Pages 293-294. ISBN 9782831700694.
  6. ^ Swaney, Deanna (1994). Samoa: Western & American Samoa: a Lonely Planet Travel Survival Kit. Lonely Planet Publications. Page 180. ISBN 9780864422255.
  7. ^ "American Samoa Statistical Yearbook 2016" (PDF). American Samoa Department of Commerce.