Futop language

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Efutop
Native toNigeria
RegionCross River State
Native speakers
(10,000 cited 1973)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3ofu
Glottologefut1242[2]

The Futop language, Efutop (Ofutop), is an Ekoid language of Nigeria. The E- in Efutop represents the class prefix for "language", analogous to the Bantu ki- in KiSwahili.

One of a number of similar but distinct languages spoken in the Cross River region, its area includes the town of Abaragba as well as Ekpokpa, Mkpura, Ndim, Okanga-Nkpansi, Okanga-Njimowan, and Okosura. The vocabulary for David W. Crabb's item in Ekoid Bantu Languages of Ogoja was from Mr. Anthony A. Eyam of Abaragba.[3]

Phonology[edit]

Tone[edit]

Significant tone is important in this language.

Vocabulary[edit]

Some vocabulary (in a simplified orthography, without tone markings):

  • nhnham - animal (low tone-low tone) nh is palatal
  • nggurɛgbɛ - antelope (low-low-low-low) ng is syllabic
  • obuɔ - arm, hand
  • ngkuɔn - bee
  • mmuɔn - child
  • ofuu - day (low-high)
  • nim - do (low)
  • yum - dry (high tone)
  • yinə - forget (high-low).[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Efutop at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Efutop". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ David W. Crabb, Ekoid Bantu Languages of Ogoja, Cambridge University Press, 1965.
  4. ^ David W. Crabb, Ekoid Bantu Languages of Ogoja, Cambridge University Press, 1965.

External links[edit]