Future Movement

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Future Movement
تيار المستقبل
ChairpersonSaad Hariri
General SecretaryAhmad Hariri
FounderRafic Hariri
IdeologyLebanese nationalism
Classical liberalism
Economic liberalism
Political positionCentre-right[1]
ReligionSunni Islam
National affiliationMarch 14 Alliance
International affiliationLiberal International
Regional affiliationArab Liberal Federation
Colours  Blue
Parliamentary blocLebanon First
Parliament of Lebanon
0 / 128
Cabinet of Lebanon
2 / 24
Party flag

The Future Movement (Arabic: تيار المستقبل) is a Lebanese political party affiliated with the Sunni sect. The party was founded as a coalition in 1995 led by Rafic Hariri which was known as the Hariri Bloc but was officially founded in 2007. The party is led by Saad Hariri.[2]

Saad Hariri

The party is the largest member of the March 14 Alliance, which governed Lebanon from 2005 to 2018 except for the period 2011–2013. The coalition lost its majority in the 2018 parliamentary elections.

In mid-October 2019, a popular protest movement began calling for increased accountability and transparency in politics. On 29 October, Chairman Hariri offered his resignation as a concession, saying "This is in response to the will and demand of the thousands of Lebanese demanding change".[3] However, as of December 2019, President Michel Aoun has yet to accept his resignation, and it is possible the Hariri will suspend his resignation a second time. His purported resignation has, however, been confirmed as a stunt by one of his aides.[4]

The party was officially founded in August 2007, yet it was only declared on April 5, 2009, in a convention held at the BIEL convention center in Beirut. The Future Movement is economically liberal and affiliated with the Sunni Muslim sect.[5] The party is a full member of the Liberal International[6] and a founding member of Al Hurriya Liberal Network.[7]

Saad Hariri surprisingly announced his retirement from politics on 24 January 2022. The Future Movement announced it would thereafter not take part in the 2022 Lebanese general election.[8]


The Future Movement was founded in 2007 and was part of the March 14 Alliance that includes, amongst many groups, the Christians associated with the Lebanese Forces and Kataeb parties (main 2 allies of FM), and the majority Druze Progressive Socialist Party. The main opponent of Future Movement is the March 8 Alliance, most important parts being Free Patriotic Movement (FPM) led by General Michel Aoun and the Shia Hezbollah and Amal Movements.

Opposition to Hezbollah[edit]

In 2011, an official of the Future Movement warned that Shia Hezbollah "has all the characteristics of a terrorist party", and that Hezbollah is moving Lebanon toward the Iranian Shi'ite Islamic system of government.[9]

On 23 June 2013, Future Movement MP Nohad El Machnouk, who was appointed as the minister of interior and municipalities in Prime Minister Tamam Salam's government on 15-2-2014,[10] told Murr TV that Lebanon is under occupation by Hezbollah.[11]


The Future Movement has an important media presence in Lebanon and internationally. Media outlets expressing the Movement's views include Future Television, Future News, Radio Orient and Al Mustaqbal daily newspaper.

Future Television was a Lebanese owned and operated company founded in 1993. First launched in Lebanon on February 15, 1993, Future Television, although the youngest of the Lebanese stations back then, became the nation's fastest growing station. In September 2019, Lebanese Prime Minister and party leader Saad Hariri announced the suspension of work at his Future TV satellite television channel after 26 years of broadcasting, citing financial reasons for halting operations.[12]

Future Youth[edit]

The Future Movement's youth wing, Future Youth, is a member of the International Federation of Liberal Youth (IFLRY).[13]

Election summary[edit]


At a ceremony in the Seaside Pavilion on 11 March 2018 the candidates and electoral platform of the Future Movement were presented.[14] The party fielded 37 candidates, out of whom 21 were newcomers.[15] The political newcomers included lawyer Roula Tabash Jaroudi in Beirut II and civil society activist Chadi Nacchabe in Tripoli.[16]

The electoral slogan of the party was 'Blue Talisman' (kharzé zar’a).[17] Commenting on the slogan party leader Saad Hariri stated that "[the] Future Movement is a Talisman (blue bead) that you put in the ballot box, to protect the country. For that reason, our slogan is the protection of Lebanon and the symbol is the Talisman. You will draw the Talisman with your activity, with your energy, with your daily small and large contributions to the electoral machine, in your dialogue with people, in working for each candidate on the Future lists."[14]

The Future Movement and the Lebanese Forces negotiated for weeks on forming an electoral alliance, but the effort failed as relations between Future leader Saad Hariri and LF leader Samir Geagea deteriorated on issues relating to Hariri's visit to Saudi Arabia.[18]


After Hariri's boycott, many Sunnis in North II and Akkar chose to follow boycott as well, after which his resignation created a large vacuum in Sunni politics.[19]

Many Ex-Future politicians headed their own blocs, such as Bahaa Hariri and Fouad Sinora, and managed to secure 7 seats of the candidates that were affiliated with the Future Movement in parliament.[20]

Though Mohammad Kabbara has been affiliated with Hariri for years, his son Abdelkarim Kabbara opted to go onboard the Mikati-Backed list as an independent unrelated to the Future Movement.[21]

Election year # of

overall votes

% of

overall vote

# of

overall seats won

+/– Bloc Leader
1992 (as Hariri Bloc)
3 / 128
Rafic Hariri
1996 (as Hariri Bloc)
25 / 128
Increase 22
2000 (as Hariri Bloc)
26 / 128
Increase 1
2005 28.12% (#1)
36 / 128
Increase 10
Fouad Siniora
33 / 128
Decrease 3
Saad Hariri
2018 256,454 (#3) 14.58%
20 / 128
Decrease 13

(as 'National Moderation Bloc')



10 / 128
Decrease 10


  1. ^ "Lebanon: Country Risk". Société Générale. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ ""تيار المستقبل": ارتجال التأسيس واختبار المِحن (3/1)". 180Post. 2020-07-20. Retrieved 2021-04-03.
  3. ^ "Lebanon Prime Minister Saad Hariri resigns after mass protests". Al Jazeera. Al Jazeera Network. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  4. ^ "As Lebanon's economy drowns in debt, Syria's begins to sink as well". The Economist. 12 December 2019.
  5. ^ Carla E. Humud, Lebanon's 2018 Elections, CRS Insight, May 11, 2018 (IN10900).
  6. ^ Full Members Archived 2014-05-25 at the Wayback Machine, Liberal International
  7. ^ "شبكة الحرية الليبرالية تطلق اجتماعها الأول من الأردن عبر منصة "زووم" | ثقافة | وكالة أنباء سرايا الإخبارية - حرية سقفها السماء". www.sarayanews.com (in Arabic). Retrieved 2021-03-28.
  8. ^ "Lebanon's Future Movement left reeling as Hariri bows out of politics". The National. 2022-01-24. Retrieved 2022-01-25.
  9. ^ Allouch: Hezbollah qualifies as a terrorist group. YaLibnan. 23 May 2011
  10. ^ "Nouhad Machnouk Official Page". www.facebook.com.
  11. ^ "YouTube". www.youtube.com.[dead YouTube link]
  12. ^ "Cash-strapped Future TV suspends operations after 26 years on air | AW staff". AW. Retrieved 2022-04-19.
  13. ^ "www.liberal-international.org". 2014-05-25. Archived from the original on 25 May 2014. Retrieved 2022-05-20.
  14. ^ a b National News Agency. Hariri announces Future Movement candidates: Vote for our lists to protect Lebanon's stability, economy, sovereignty and Arabism
  15. ^ L'Orient Le Jour. Le Futur annonce ses candidats : 37 noms dont 21 nouveaux Archived 2 May 2018 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ 128Lebanon. Brief on the Lebanese Election: Speculations Rise as Deadline Nears Archived 29 April 2018 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ L'Orient Le Jour. Les slogans électoraux de 2018 : un gros flop ? Archived 16 March 2018 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Annahar. LF and Future Movement talks over electoral alliance hit a dead end Archived 17 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ "Hariri will not run in parliamentary elections due to 'Iranian influence'". Arab News. 2022-01-24. Retrieved 2022-01-31.
  20. ^ "Here's The Full List Of How Many Seats Each Party Won In The 2022 Lebanon Elections". 961. 961. 961News. 17 May 2022.
  21. ^ "In the North II constituency, indecision is coupled with demobilization". L'Orient Today. L'Orient Today. L'Orient-Le Jour. 12 April 2022.

External links[edit]