Futureworld

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Futureworld
Futureworld movie poster.jpg
Promotional US poster
Directed by Richard T. Heffron
Produced by
Written by
Starring
Music by Fred Karlin
Cinematography
Edited by James Mitchell
Production
company
Aubrey Company/Paul N. Lazarus III
Distributed by American International Pictures
Release date
  • July 28, 1976 (1976-07-28)
Running time
107 minutes[1]
Country United States
Language English
Budget $2.5 million
Box office $4.2 million (US/Canada theatrical rentals)

Futureworld is a 1976 American science fiction thriller film directed by Richard T. Heffron and written by Mayo Simon and George Schenck. It is a sequel to the 1973 Michael Crichton film Westworld, and is the second installment in the Westworld franchise. The film stars Peter Fonda, Blythe Danner, Arthur Hill, Stuart Margolin, John Ryan, and Yul Brynner, who makes an appearance in a dream sequence. No other cast member from the original film appears and its writer-director, Michael Crichton, was not involved in this production.

The film attempted to take the plot in a different direction from Westworld, but it was not well received by critics. It was made by American International Pictures (its predecessor was made by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, which later bought AIP's successor Orion Pictures). A short-lived television series called Beyond Westworld followed.

Plot[edit]

Two years after the Westworld tragedy, the Delos corporation owners have reopened the park after spending $1.5 billion in safety improvements, and also shutting down Westworld. For publicity purposes, newspaper reporter Chuck Browning and TV reporter Tracy Ballard are invited to review the park.

Just before the junket is announced, Browning arranges to meet with a Delos employee who promises he has dirt on the corporation. During the meeting, the tipster is shot in the back and dies after giving Browning an envelope.

At the resort, guests choose from four theme parks: Spaworld ("where old age and pain have been eliminated"), Medievalworld, Romanworld and Futureworld. Browning and Ballard choose Futureworld, which simulates an orbiting space station. Robots are available for sex as well as amusements like boxing. They are guided through the resort by Dr. Duffy, who shows them the marvels of Delos, demonstrating that all the problems have been fixed.

The reporters are stunned to find that the Control Center is staffed entirely by robots. That night, their dinners are drugged, and while they sleep, medical tests are conducted so Delos can make clones of them. A visiting Russian general and a Japanese politician are also tested for cloning. Back in her room a few hours later, Ballard wakes in a fright, remembering the experience as a nightmare.

Ballard and Browning sneak out to explore the resort's underground areas. They end up triggering a cloning machine, which generates three samurai. Just as they are about to be captured by the samurai, a mechanic named Harry saves them. He takes them back to his quarters, where he cohabits with a mechanic robot he has named Clark after Superman's alter-ego. The reporters interview Harry, but they are interrupted and returned to their rooms.

The following day, while Ballard is testing out a Delos dream-recording device, Browning slips out to see Harry. Harry takes Browning to a locked door that he has never been able to enter, although robots routinely enter. Realizing the key is in the robot's eyes, Harry destroys a robot and steals its face. They return with Ballard and open the door. Inside, they find clones of themselves, as well as clones of the Russian and Japanese leaders. The clones are being programmed through subliminal messages; they are instructed to always work for the good of Delos and to destroy their originals. Browning explains that his tipster's envelope was filled with clippings about leaders from around the world, realizing that Delos must be cloning the rich and powerful.

The trio decides to flee the resort on the next plane. The reporters return to their apartment where Duffy is waiting for them; he explains that, by cloning world leaders, they can ensure that nothing harms Delos' interests, and that without "proper" guidance, humans will eventually destroy the planet.

Cloning the reporters would ensure favorable coverage, letting people forget about the Westworld tragedy. Browning attacks Duffy but is easily overpowered with unnatural strength. Ballard shoots the doctor twice, and Browning peels back Duffy's face to reveal that he is a robot. As Harry races to meet up with the reporters, he runs into Browning's clone, who kills him. Ballard and Browning are then chased by their own duplicates, all the while taunting them with details about their lives. Eventually, one of each pair is killed, though which one is left unclear. When they find each other, Browning seizes and kisses Ballard.

In the end, as they leave the resort with the other guests, Dr. Schneider meets them to make sure they are the clones. The reporters confirm that they will be writing positive reviews for Delos; but, just as they reach the exit, Ballard's badly injured clone stumbles towards him and Schneider realizes too late that he has been fooled. On the jetway, Browning tells Ballard that his editor is running the exposé on Delos, that the whole world will know what they are up to, and that kissing her was his idea to figure out whether or not she was a duplicate.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

The film was developed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, the studio who had produced Westworld. Michael Crichton did not wish to be involved in a sequel so they approached the original producer Paul Lazarus III. He developed an idea set in a successor world to Westworld where robots are cloning world leaders. He found a writer and developed a script, then MGM decided to only make one science fiction film that year, Logan's Run. Futureworld was put into turnaround. Lazarus had trouble setting up the film elsewhere because other studios were confused as to why MGM did not make it.[2] Lazarus was approached by former MGM president James T. Aubrey who said he could get the film made. He arranged financing from Samuel Z. Arkoff's American International Pictures.[3]

Futureworld was the first major feature film to use 3D computer-generated imagery (CGI).[4] CGI was used for an animated hand and face. The animated hand was a digitized version of Edwin Catmull's left hand, taken from his 1972 experimental short subject A Computer Animated Hand.[5] The film also used 2D digital compositing to materialize characters over a background. The film also utilized the Logan apartment set from Logan's Run and redressed it to be the Futureworld bar.

Filming[edit]

Much of the film was shot in the greater Houston area,[6] including Intercontinental Airport, Jones Hall, and the Johnson Space Center. The film includes a chase scene through the underground pedestrian Houston tunnel system running under the city.

Release[edit]

Lazarus admits the film "wasn't a very good picture" but put its poor commercial performance down to the fact that AIP were focusing on their prestige film A Matter of Time (1976).[2]

In 1979, Futureworld became the first modern American film to achieve general theatrical release in China.[7]

Critical reception[edit]

Variety called it a "strong sequel."[8] Richard Eder panned the film in The New York Times, quoting Ballard's line from the movie, "This is about as exciting as a visit to the water works."[9] Coining his own variation on the phrase, Eder also claimed the film is "as much fun as running barefoot on Astroturf". He found the film entirely predictable and devoid of much dramatic tension. Writing that Danner and Fonda have "absolutely nothing to do" in the film, he concludes that "starring in Futureworld must be the actor's equivalent of going on welfare." The movie has a rating of 33% on Rotten Tomatoes.

Alternate version[edit]

For its initial television broadcast, an alternative version of the scene where Browning gives the finger to Dr. Schneider was shot. Instead, he performs a bras d'honneur.

Home media[edit]

As of 2011, Futureworld was released on VHS, CED, and LaserDisc in the United States, and on DVD from MGM on December 2010, as well as released in a number of foreign territories in the DVD format. On December 2, 2011, Futureworld was released in Germany on Blu-ray (German and English audio tracks). The digital release is in the widescreen format.

Shout! Factory released Futureworld on Blu-ray on March 26, 2013.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Futureworld (AA)". British Board of Film Classification. July 20, 1976. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Legends of Film: Paul Lazarus" (Podcast). 27 December 2004.
  3. ^ Movies: Aubrey--Auguring Well Into the Future; Millar, Jeff. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 09 May 1976: s34.
  4. ^ "Nearly 40, but still looking good: How Pixar founders made the world's first 3D computer graphics in 1972".
  5. ^ "Pixar founder's Utah-made Hand added to National Film Registry". The Salt Lake Tribune. December 28, 2011. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  6. ^ "Futureworld (1976) - Filming locations". The Internet Movie Database. IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved 2009-01-02.[unreliable source?]
  7. ^ AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL EPIC: CHINESE BOOK U.S. FILM 'FUTUREWORLD' Bry, Barbara. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 05 Jan 1979: d16.
  8. ^ Variety Staff. December 31, 1975. "Futureworld", Variety.
  9. ^ Eder, Richard, August 14, 1976., Robots in Dominant Roles, The New York Times.
  10. ^ "Blu-ray Review: Futureworld". High-Def Digest. 17 March 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-05.

External links[edit]