|Region||Papua New Guinea|
The usual orthographic convention used to transcribe Fuyug is to use a for /ɑ/, e for /ɛ/, y for /j/, and the corresponding IPA characters for the remaining phonemes.
Fuyug has 14 consonant phonemes.
The pronunciation of the liquid /l/ is in free variation between a lateral [l] and a flap [ɾ]. However, with the exception of words of foreign origin where the word in the source language is written with an r, this is represented in the orthography as l.
Fuyug syllables come in the shape (C)V(C)(C). There cannot be more than two consonants adjacent to one another word-internally and the only final clusters permitted are mb, nd and ng. Within a word vowels may not follow one another.
Stress in Fuyug is predictable. Stress falls on the final syllable in mono- and disyllabic words and on the antepenult in words of three of four syllables. Affixes do not alter the stressed syllable.
- m assimilates to n before t: im + -ti → inti ("in the eye")
- l is elided before t: uwal + -ti → uwati ("in the heart")
- Voiced plosives are devoiced at the end of a word when the following word begins with a vowel or a voiceless consonant: enamb + fidan → enamp fidan ("a road"), asang + ukas → asank ukas ("a lot of sand").
- an i is inserted between two consonant if the first is not l or a nasal: ev + -ti → eviti ("in the Sun"). With certain verbal suffixes an e is inserted: id + -ngo → idengo ("is sleeping").
- When a root with a final vowel has suffix or clitic attached to it that begins with a vowel, the first vowel is deleted: ne + -a → na ("he eats").
Numerals in Fuyug are very restricted, having only fidan ("one") and yovalo ("two"). The numbers 3, 4 and 5 are composed of 1 and 2:
- 3: yovalo hul mindan ("two its other")
- 4: yovalo ta yovalo ("two and two") ;
- 5: yovalo ta yovalo ta hul mindan ("two and two and its other").
- Fuyug at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Fuyug". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- (Bradshaw 2007, p. 2)
- (Bradshaw 2007, p. 14)
- (Bradshaw 2007, p. 17)
- (Bradshaw 2007, p. 18)
- (Bradshaw 2007, p. 15)
- (Bradshaw 2007, p. 16)
- (Bradshaw 2007, pp. 21–24)
- (Bradshaw 2007, p. 24)
- (Bradshaw 2007, pp. 24–27)
- (Bradshaw 2007, pp. 39–41)
- (Bradshaw 2007, p. 45)
- "Fuyug Grammar Sketch" (PDF).