Fuzhou–Xiamen railway

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Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen
high-speed railway
Fuzhou–Xiamen Section
ChinaRailwayHighspeed.svg
CR400BF on Fuzhou-Xiamen Railway.jpg
A CR400BF high-speed train in Putian.
Overview
Native name杭福深高速铁路福厦段
TypeHigh-speed rail,
Heavy rail
LocaleChina
Operation
OpenedApril 26, 2010
OwnerChina Railway
Operator(s)China Railway High-speed
Technical
Line length274.9 km (171 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification50 Hz 25,000 V
Operating speed250 km/h (155 mph)
Route map
To Hangzhou on Wenfu railway
Nanfu railway
-19 km Fuzhou
0 km Fuzhou South
36 km Fuqing
Yuxi
66 km Hanjiang
Yongpu railway
86 km Putian
Fengting
Hui'an West
155 km Quanzhou
Quanzhou East
Zhangquanxiao railway
180 km Jinjiang
Xiang'an
226 km Xiamen North
Xinglin
Xiamen Gaoqi
257 km Xiamen
To Shenzhen North via Xiashen railway

The Fuzhou–Xiamen railway (simplified Chinese: 福厦铁路; traditional Chinese: 福廈鐵路; pinyin: Fúxià Tiělù; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Hok-ē Thih-lo̍; Foochow Romanized: Hók-â Tʰiā-le̤) is a dual-track, electrified, high-speed rail line in eastern China. The line, also known as the Fuxia railway, is named after its two terminal cities Fuzhou and Xiamen, both coastal cities in Fujian. The line has a total length of 274.9 kilometres and forms part of China's Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen passenger-dedicated railway.[1] Construction began in 2005, and the line entered into operation on April 26, 2010.

The line is used for both passenger and freight operations. Trains running on the line reached top speeds of 250 kilometres per hour, although that was later reduced to 200 km/h.[2]

As of 2015, passenger services on the line were approaching capacity. To increase capacity and improve travel times between Fujian Province's two largest cities, plans were announced in 2015 for the construction of a new parallel passenger dedicated railway called the Fuzhou–Xiamen passenger-dedicated line.[2][3] Construction of this new railway started in 2017[4] and will roughly follow the existing Fuzhou–Xiamen railway, but will support a higher maximum speed of 350 km/h, further reducing travel times between the two cities to below one hour.[5][6] Opening of the new line is scheduled for 2022.[7]

Route[edit]

The recently built Jinjiang railway station. Prior to the construction of the Fuzhou–Xiamen railway, there was no railway service to Jinjiang.

The Fuzhou–Xiamen railway follows the rugged but prosperous coast of Fujian with 14 stations between Fuzhou South Station and Xiamen Station including Fuqing, Hanjiang, Putian, Xianyou, Quanzhou, Jinjiang, Xiamen North, Xinglin and Gaoqi. Bridges and tunnels account for over 37% of the line's total length.

History[edit]

The Fuzhou–Xiamen railway is the first railway between Fujian's two important most cities, Fuzhou, the provincial capital, and Xiamen, the province's most prosperous city. Most high-speed rail lines in China follow the routes of older conventional railroads, but there were no railways on the southeast coast prior to the introduction of high-speed rail. Historically, the southeast coastal region relied on maritime transportation, and rugged terrain made railway construction more expensive. In the first half of the 20th century, warfare and political instability delayed railway construction. During the Cold War, the southeast coast faced the threat of invasion from Republic of China on Taiwan and all railways were built inland. Only when political tensions across the Taiwan Strait eased in the late 1990s did planning of the Fuzhou–Xiamen railway take place.

The project was approved by the State Council in July 2004. Construction began in September 2005 and was completed in December 2009. Commercial operation began on April 26, 2010. Unlike later Chinese high-speed rail lines which were built to higher speed standards of 300 or 350 km/h, the Fuzhou–Xiamen line was built to the 250 km/h standard with the capacity for upgrade to 300 km/h. The opening of high-speed rail line greatly reduced travel times by rail on the coast of Fujian. Passenger train service on the line average 200 km/h. The trip from Fuzhou to Xiamen on the non-stop express train takes 1 hr. 28 min. compared to the 10-hour train ride via railroads that cut inland.[8] The trip by long-distance bus on the express highway takes 2.5 to 4 hours.[8]

In the first year of operation from 2010 to 2011, the line carried over 18 million passengers, averaging 50,000 per day, and reported occupancy rates exceeding 100%.[9]

Competitiveness[edit]

Occupancy rate on the Fuxia line is among the highest of China's high-speed railways.[9] The line offers competitive fares and passes through large cities with well-developed public transportation and high demand for intercity travel. As of February 2011, a regular ticket from Fuzhou to Xiamen costs ¥85, and a first class ticket costs ¥103.[9] Drivers making the same trip by express highway will pay ¥300-400 including gas and tolls, and spend 1.5 more hours on the road.[9] During the Chinese New Year, the peak season for intercity travel, the number of long distance bus trips between Fuzhou and Xiamen fell from 98 per day in 2010 to just 7 per day in 2011.[9] Long distance bus ridership from Fuzhou to Xiamen fell by 83%, to Quanzhou by 63%, to Jinjiang by 50%, to Shishi by 25% and to Putian by 38%.[9] In August 2015, it was announced that a parallel passenger-dedicated line (resulting in journey time savings) would be built between Fuzhou and Zhangzhou on account of the existing line having reached its capacity.[2]

Rail connections[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "闽首条高速铁路-福厦铁路建成通车(图)" [Fujian first high-speed railway – Fuzhou–Xiamen railway was opened to traffic (Figure)] (in Chinese). January 1, 2010. Archived from the original on March 13, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Briginshaw, David (August 20, 2015), "China to build second Fuzhou - Zhangzhou HS line", International Railway Journal
  3. ^ "闽西南协同发展规划官宣了!三明将有大变化!". www.hxnews.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  4. ^ "福厦高铁计划9月30日开工建设,2022年达到开通条件_中国政库_澎湃新闻-The Paper". www.thepaper.cn. Retrieved 2019-07-03.
  5. ^ "福厦高铁湄洲湾跨海大桥取得新突破 全长277.42公里_骄阳网". www.joyyang.com. Retrieved 2019-07-03.
  6. ^ "福厦高铁总投577.43亿 至2020年两地有望1小时直达(xmhouse.com)". news.xmhouse.com. Retrieved 2019-07-03.
  7. ^ "国内首条跨海高铁——福厦高铁正式进入线上架梁施工阶段-地方要闻-区域创新". www.stdaily.com. Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  8. ^ a b "驾"巨龙"八闽追风 走天下海西纵横" [Driving "dragon" eight Fujian catching the world along the sea aspect]. 福建日报 (in Chinese). June 8, 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "福厦高铁一年发送旅客超1800万 上座率超过100%" [Fuxia high-speed rail a year to send passengers over 18 million attendance rate of more than 100%] (in Chinese). April 26, 2011. Archived from the original on April 29, 2011.

Coordinates: 24°51′32″N 118°28′57″E / 24.8590°N 118.4825°E / 24.8590; 118.4825