|Full name||Fyodor Fyodorovich Cherenkov|
|Date of birth||25 July 1959|
|Place of birth||Moscow, USSR|
|Date of death||4 October 2014(aged 55)|
|Place of death||Moscow, Russia|
|1971–1977||FC Spartak Moscow|
|1977–1990||FC Spartak Moscow||344||(86)|
|1990–1991||Red Star Saint-Ouen||15||(1)|
|1991–1993||FC Spartak Moscow||54||(9)|
|1994–1995||FC Spartak Moscow (assistant)|
|1996–1997||FC Spartak Moscow (reserves assistant)|
|2013–2014||FC Spartak Moscow (youth assistant)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Fyodor Fyodorovich Cherenkov (Russian: Фёдор Фёдорович Черенко́в) (25 July 1959, Moscow – 4 October 2014, Moscow) was a Soviet and Russian football midfielder who played for Spartak Moscow (1977–90 and 1991–94) and Red Star Football Club (1990–91).
Cherenkov made 34 appearances for the Soviet Union national football team, scoring 12 goals. Although widely regarded by Spartak's fans as team's best player ever, he was always dropped by the national team on the eve of several major tournaments, including two World Cups and a European Championship. For the time spent in Spartak he received the Club Loyalty Award in 1989. He was an incredible passer and was also great at shooting the ball and scored many goals. Cherenkov worked as a coach of Spartak's reserve team after retiring. He was awarded "The Attack Organizer" award in 1988 and 1989, as the most useful attack player. In his history of Spartak, Robert Edelman described him as "the longest-serving and most beloved of all Spartakovtsy":
A native Muscovite, Fiodr Cherenkov (b. 1959) was a product of Spartak's school. Navigating between midfield and forward, he played with an originality and eccentricity that endeared him to the public. Cherenkov was an enigmatic and fragile personality whose capacity for unexpected improvisation fit the Spartak image of the player as romantic artist. A true original, he was the embodiment of what many of Spartak's male Moscow supporters liked to believe about themselves. Lacking great speed but quick on his feet, small of stature but possessed of great guile, Cherenkov seemed to practice a new kind of masculinity, that of the urban trickster. By the time his Spartak career was over, he was the leading point producer (goal plus pass) in the team's history.
- 1979, 1987, 1989 – Soviet Top League
- 1993 – Russian Premier League
- 1994 – Russian Cup
- 1983, 1989 – Soviet Footballer of the Year
- 1989 - Club Loyalty Award
- Matthias Arnhold (19 June 2009). "Fyodor Fyodorovich Cherenkov - International Appearances". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- Robert Edelman, Spartak Moscow: A History of the People's Team in the Workers' State (Cornell University Press, 2012; ISBN 080146613X), p. 279.
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