Department of Physics, Lund University

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Fysicum)
Jump to: navigation, search
Department of physics,
Lund University
Fysiska institutionen vid Lunds Universitet
Lund 1951.jpg
Sten von Friesen, Torsten Gustafson and king Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden at the inauguration of Fysicum in 1951.
Established ~1735
Head of Department Knut Deppert
Location Lund, Scania, Sweden
55°42′36″N 13°12′14″E / 55.71000°N 13.20389°E / 55.71000; 13.20389Coordinates: 55°42′36″N 13°12′14″E / 55.71000°N 13.20389°E / 55.71000; 13.20389
Website www.fysik.lu.se/english

The Department of Physics in Lund is a department that belongs to both the Faculty of Natural Sciences and the Faculty of Engineering at Lund University. The main goals are to expand the understanding of physics, its applications and to share scientific progress to new generations. Research is conducted in most of the physics subdivisions. The department also offers courses and a Masters's degree programs in pure physics and provides physics education for the Master of Science in Engineering programs.

History[edit]

In 1666 Lund University was founded without a faculty of science, so the physics research was conducted under the faculty of philosophy. In addition, during its first 150 years the University had no professorship in pure physics, so the teachings was instead given by professors in mathematics. There were however a course in experimental physics from the early 18th century, but that course was given by a professor in theoretical medicine; Kilian Stobæus was appointed as the first professor in 1728.[1] It wasn't until the early 19th century that the physics professorship split from the mathematics, but then the professorship was shared with the astronomy. The University received its first full professor in physics in 1839.[2]

Although a pure department of science was not established until the late 19th century, the seeds for the departement was established in 1735 when the physics teaching received its own space in the building Kungshuset.[3] The teaching was held inside Kungshuset until the late 19th century, when the departement moved to its own building which had instrumental halls, auditoriums, workshops and a library.[4] The departement moved again in 1950 to a large building complex named Fysicum due to increased space requirements, and its been where since then.

Research[edit]

At the Department of Physics advanced research takes place divided in different divisions. The research areas are: Atomic Physics, Combustion Physics, Mathematical Physics, Nuclear Physics, Particle Physics, Solid State Physics and Synchrotron Radiation Research.[5][6]

The department also hosts the Lund Nano Lab (LNL), part of NanoLund (formerly known as the Nanometer Structure Consortium), an interdisciplinary research enivronment for nanoscience and its applications in electronics, the life sciences etc.[7] Further research centers are Lund Laser Centre (LLC), Consortium for Aerosol Science and Technology (CAST) and Lund University Combustion Centre (LUCC).

Scientists with activity at the department[edit]

Manne Siegbahn was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his discoveries and research in X-ray spectroscopy.[8] Johannes Rydberg became famous for formulating the Rydberg formula and he got a physical constant named after him.[9] Three scientists from the departement have participated in the popular television program Fråga Lund: Nina Reistad, Bodil Jönsson[10] and Sten von Friesen.[11] Hellmuth Hertz was a pioneer in sonography and was one of the first to develop the inkjet printer,[12] and Anne L'Huillier was a pioneer in the research on ultra short laser pulses.[13] All of the above physicists are or have been members of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Other members of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences from the departement are Bengt Edlén, Hermann Grimmeiss, Cecilia Jarlskog, Heiner Linke, Claes Fahlander, Lars Samuelson, Torsten Gustafson, Cecilia Jarlskog, Ingolf Lindau, Hans Ryde, Sune Svanberg, Claes-Göran Wahlström and Torsten Åkesson.[14]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Litzén, Ulf (2015). Fysik i Lund under 300 år (in Swedish). Lund: Lunds universitetshistoriska sällskap. pp. 13–19. ISBN 9789175453200. 
  2. ^ Litzén (2015). Fysik i Lund under 300 år (in Swedish). p. 48. 
  3. ^ Litzén (2015). Fysik i Lund under 300 år (in Swedish). pp. 31–32. 
  4. ^ Litzén (2015). Fysik i Lund under 300 år (in Swedish). pp. 61–62. 
  5. ^ "Contact". Department of Physics. Retrieved 5 Aug 2015. 
  6. ^ "Research divisions". Department of Physics. Retrieved 5 Aug 2015. 
  7. ^ "NanoLund". Lund University. Retrieved 10 Sep 2015. 
  8. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1924". www.nobelprize.org. Retrieved 2017-05-25. 
  9. ^ "Rydbergs konstant - Uppslagsverk - NE". www.ne.se (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-05-25. 
  10. ^ "Professorn: "Vi borde bara jobba två timmar per dag"". Veckans affärer. Retrieved 2017-05-25. 
  11. ^ "Luuk leder "Fråga Lund" i SVT". Göteborgs-Posten (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-05-25. 
  12. ^ Litzén (2015). Fysik i Lund under 300 år (in Swedish). pp. 160–163. 
  13. ^ UPMC, Université Pierre et Marie Curie -. "Anne L'Huillier". Retrieved 2017-05-25. 
  14. ^ "Ledamöter". Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-05-25. 

External links[edit]