Gédéon Kyungu

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Gédéon Kyungu Mutanga (legal name Gédéon Kyungu Mutanga Wa Bafunkwa Kanonga), known as Commander Gédéon,[1] is a Congolese warlord who was notable for leading the Mai-Mai Kata Katanga.

Kyungu was detained on 16 May 2006. He was sentenced, in 2009, alongside his wife for crimes against humanity during and after the Second Congo War. Gédéon was sentenced to death.[2] On 7 September 2011 he escaped from a prison in Lubumbashi after members of his militia opened fire on prison guards.[3][4] Authorities of the Katanga province offered a US$100,000 reward for information leading to his arrest.[1][5] After his escape from prison, he formed the Mai Mai Kata Katanga.[6] On 11 October 2016, he surrendered himself along with 100 fighters to Congolese authorities in Malambwe in an effort to end to insecurity in the area.[7]


  1. ^ a b "DR. Congo offers $100,000 reward for militia chief". AFP. 2011-09-09. Retrieved 2011-09-11. 
  2. ^ "DR Congo: Militia Leader Guilty in Landmark Trial". HRW. 2009-03-10. Retrieved 2011-09-08. 
  3. ^ "Congo prison mass escape after attack by gunmen". BBC. 2011-09-07. Retrieved 2011-09-08. 
  4. ^ "UN voices concern after mass prison outbreak in DR Congo". UN News Center. 2011-09-07. Retrieved 2011-09-08. 
  5. ^ "Congo's Katanga Province in 'Humanitarian Crisis,' UN Says". Bloomberg. 
  6. ^ "Katanga: Fighting for DR Congo's cash cow to secede". bbcnews.com. 11 August 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2013. 
  7. ^ "Congo militia leader, 100 fighters surrender to authorities". Fox News. 12 October 2016.