Gérard Paul Deshayes
|Gérard Paul Deshayes|
|Born||May 13, 1795|
|Died||June 9, 1875 (aged 80)|
|Known for||Contributions to Invertebrate paleontology|
|Awards||Wollaston Medal (1870)|
|Institutions||Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle|
He studied medicine in Strasbourg, and afterwards took the degree of bachelier ès lettres in Paris in 1821; but he abandoned the medical profession in order to devote himself to natural history. For some time he gave private lessons on geology, and subsequently became professor of natural history in the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle.
He was distinguished for his researches on the fossil mollusca of the Paris Basin and of other areas Cenozoic cover. His studies on the relations of the fossil to the recent species led him as early as 1829 to conclusions somewhat similar to those arrived at by Lyell, to whom Deshayes rendered much assistance in connection with the classification of the, then, Tertiary system into Eocene, Miocene and Pliocene.
With André Étienne d'Audebert de Férussac, he co-authored an important study on terrestrial and river mollusks titled Histoire naturelle générale et particulière des Mollusques terrestres et fluviatiles (1820-1851). In 1839 he began the publication of his Traité élémentaire de conchyliologie, the last part of which was not issued until 1857. In the same year (1839) he went to Algeria for the French government, and spent three years in explorations in that country. His principal work, which resulted from the collections he made, Mollusques de l'Algérie, was issued (incomplete) in 1848.
He was a member of the Société Géologique de France, of which he served as chairman several times. In 1870 the Wollaston medal of the Geological Society of London was awarded to him. He died in Boran-sur-Oise.
His publications included:
- Description des coquilles fossiles des environs de Paris (2 vols. and atlas, 1824-1837)
- Description de coquilles caractéristiques des terrains.– Paris: F. G. Levrault, 1831.– 264 pp., 14 pls.
- Mollusques. In: Saint-Hilaire G., Deshayes G., Saint-Vincent B., Saint-Vincent B. Expédition scientifique de Morée. Section des sciences physiques. Tome III. Première partie. Zoologie. Première section.– Animaux vertébrés, mollusques et polypies.– Paris-Strasbourg: F. G. Levrault., 1832.– p. 81-203, pls. 18-26.
- Traité élémentaire de conchyliologie avec les applications de cette science à la geologie.
- Description des animaux sans vertèbres découverts dans le bassin de Paris (3 vols. and atlas, 1856-1866)
- Catalogue des mollusques de l'île de la Reunion (1863).
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Deshayes, Gérard Paul". Encyclopædia Britannica. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 94.
- Google Books The age of mammals in Europe, Asia and North America by Henry Fairfield Osborn
- Google Books Early Life: The Cambrian Period by Thom Holmes
- WorldCat Title Histoire naturelle générale et particulière des Mollusques terrestres et fluviatiles
- WorldCat Title Traité élémentaire de conchyliologie
- Dictionnaire universel des contemporains, Volume 1 by Gustave Vapereau