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Göle

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Göle
Gole.jpg
Göle is located in Turkey
Göle
Göle
Coordinates: 40°47′34″N 42°36′31″E / 40.79278°N 42.60861°E / 40.79278; 42.60861Coordinates: 40°47′34″N 42°36′31″E / 40.79278°N 42.60861°E / 40.79278; 42.60861
Country  Turkey
Province Ardahan
Government
 • Mayor Akın İsmailoğlu (AKP)
 • Kaymakam Fatih özdemir
Area[1]
 • District 1,399.88 km2 (540.50 sq mi)
Elevation 2,038 m (6,686 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 7,359
 • District 29,968
 • District density 21/km2 (55/sq mi)
Post code 75700
Website www.gole.bel.tr

Göle (Georgian: კოლა K'ola, in Kurdish Mêrdînik) is a small city and surrounding district in Ardahan Province of Turkey. The city was formerly known as Merdenik, Merdinik or Ardahan-ı Küçük ("Little Ardahan" in Ottoman Turkish).

Göle is a rural district, eighty per cent of the area comprising mountain and forest, with the remainder grazing land and meadow; the local economy depends on this grazing. Göle is famous for its yellow kaşar cheese. Some crops are grown, including grains and potatoes. With the high Allahuekber mountains to the south Göle is exposed to the north resulting in cold winters.

History

The name comes from Kola (კოლა, Georgian)- the name of a historical province in Georgia. The name of the ancient kingdom of Colchis may be derived from name of this place. Part of the Ottoman Empire from 1561, Göle was occupied by the Russian Empire from 1878 until the end of the First World War, when it was part of the militarily administered Kars Oblast. The district included villages inhabited by various ethnic groups, including 40 Kurdish and 7 Turkish villages with a significant minority of Armenians, and Caucasus Greeks. It finally became part of the Republic of Turkey on September 30, 1920 after the Armenian occupation between 1919-1920.

Places of interest to visitors include the tomb and mosque in the village of Dedeşen and the castles of Kalecik and Ugurtaşı.

Climate

Göle has a humid continental climate that has warmer overnight lows and winters than provincial capital Ardahan. Although having cold winters, Göle has warm summers and is therefore too warm by a good margin to be a subalpine climate. Ardahan has a more seasonal climate, with Göle being more moderate in its swings.

Climate data for Göle
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−2.6
(27.3)
1.7
(35.1)
9.2
(48.6)
14.1
(57.4)
18.4
(65.1)
22.7
(72.9)
23.2
(73.8)
19.6
(67.3)
12.7
(54.9)
5.5
(41.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
9.9
(49.83)
Daily mean °C (°F) −9.4
(15.1)
−8.3
(17.1)
−3.4
(25.9)
4.0
(39.2)
8.2
(46.8)
11.7
(53.1)
15.4
(59.7)
15.4
(59.7)
11.7
(53.1)
6.1
(43)
0.3
(32.5)
−6.3
(20.7)
3.78
(38.83)
Average low °C (°F) −14.8
(5.4)
−13.9
(7)
−8.4
(16.9)
−1.2
(29.8)
2.4
(36.3)
5.0
(41)
8.1
(46.6)
7.6
(45.7)
3.8
(38.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
−4.8
(23.4)
−10.7
(12.7)
−2.28
(27.89)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 26
(1.02)
30
(1.18)
36
(1.42)
57
(2.24)
84
(3.31)
82
(3.23)
55
(2.17)
46
(1.81)
34
(1.34)
46
(1.81)
39
(1.54)
30
(1.18)
565
(22.25)
Source: Climate-Data.org[3]

Accommodation

There are several hotels in the town.

Villages of the district

The old names of the villages are noted after in parentheses.

References

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ "Göle climate table - Historical Weather Data". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 1 November 2017.