Gömör and Kishont County

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Gömör-Kishont County
Comitatus Geomoriensis et Kishonthensis (Latin)
Gömör és Kishont vármegye (Hungarian)
Komitat Gemer und Kleinhont (German)
Gemersko-malohontská župa (Slovak)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(1802-1923, 1938-1945)
Coat of arms of Gömör-Kishont
Coat of arms
Gömör-Kishont.png
CapitalRimaszombat; Putnok (1920-1923)
Area
 • Coordinates48°23′N 20°1′E / 48.383°N 20.017°E / 48.383; 20.017Coordinates: 48°23′N 20°1′E / 48.383°N 20.017°E / 48.383; 20.017
 
• 1910
4,279 km2 (1,652 sq mi)
Population 
• 1910
188100
History
History 
• Established
1802
• Treaty of Trianon
4 June 1920
• Merged into Borsod-Gömör County
1923
• County recreated (First Vienna Award)
1938
• Remerged into Borsod-Gömör County
1945
Today part ofSlovakia
(3,956 km2)
Hungary
(323 km2)
Rimavská Sobota is the current name of the capital.

Gömör-Kishont (Hungarian: Gömör és Kishont, Slovak: Gemer a Malohont, German: Gemer und Kleinhont) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its capital was Rimaszombat (present-day Rimavská Sobota). Most of its territory is now part of Slovakia, while a smaller part belongs to Hungary.

Geography[edit]

Map of Gömör-Kishont county in the Kingdom of Hungary (1891)
Map of Gömör-Kishont, 1891.
Former county of Gömör-Kishont superimposed on map of contemporary Slovakia.

Around 1910, Gömör-Kishont county shared borders with the counties Zólyom, Liptó, Szepes, Abaúj-Torna, Borsod, Heves and Nógrád. It was situated in the Gömör–Szepesi-érchegység (present-day Slovak Ore Mountains) approximately between the present-day Slovak-Hungarian border, the towns Poltár and Rozsnyó (present-day Rožňava) and the Low Tatras (Hungarian: Alacsony-Tátra, Slovak: Nízke Tatry). The river Sajó flowed through the county. Its area was 4,279 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

The county Gömör-Kishont was a combination of the counties Gömör and Kishont formed in 1802. It existed until the end of World War I. Gömör is one of the oldest counties of the Kingdom of Hungary, and was already mentioned in the 11th century. Kishont is the territory approximately between the towns Tiszolc (present-day Tisovec) and Rimaszombat (present-day Rimavská Sobota). Counties of Gömör and Kishont was part of Ottoman Empire between 1541–1595 and 1596–1686.

In the aftermath of World War I, most of Gömör-Kishont county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia, as recognized by the concerned states in 1920 by the Treaty of Trianon. The area around Putnok became part of the newly formed Hungarian county Borsod-Gömör-Kishont (currently part of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén) in 1923. The Czechoslovak part of the county was part of the Slovak Land (Slovenská krajina/zem).

Borsod (10) and Gömör-Kishont (9) counties after the Treaty of Trianon. In 1923, the two counties were merged to form Borsod-Gömör County. (6) Nógrád County (7) territory assigned from Gömör-Kishont County to Nógrád County in 1921. (8) territory assigned from Gömör-Kishont County to Borsod County in 1938. (11) the city of Miskolc (urban county).

Following the provisions of the First Vienna Award, most of the Czechoslovak part became part of Hungary again in November 1938. The Gömör-Kishont county was recreated. The small northernmost part that remained in Slovak hands (a.o. the towns Dobšiná and Revúca) became part of the new Hron county (Pohronská župa). The Trianon borders were restored after World War II and the county was merged into Borsod-Gömör County. Since 1993, when Czechoslovakia was split, Gemer and Malohont have been part of Slovakia, and since 1996 divided between the Košice region and the Banská Bystrica region.

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description).
Population by mother tongue[a]
Census Total Hungarian Slovak German Other or unknown
1880[1] 169,064 83,235 (50.95%) 72,432 (44.34%) 5,714 (3.50%) 1,981 (1.21%)
1890[2] 174,810 93,695 (53.60%) 74,731 (42.75%) 4,770 (2.73%) 1,614 (0.92%)
1900[3] 183,784 103,660 (56.40%) 74,517 (40.55%) 4,059 (2.21%) 1,548 (0.84%)
1910[4] 188,098 109,994 (58.48%) 72,232 (38.40%) 2,930 (1.56%) 2,942 (1.56%)
Population by religion[b]
Census Total Roman Catholic Lutheran Calvinist Jewish Greek Catholic Other or unknown
1880 169,064 68,776 (40.68%) 60,138 (35.57%) 32,066 (18.97%) 4,320 (2.56%) 3,662 (2.17%) 102 (0.06%)
1890 174,810 73,197 (41.87%) 59,486 (34.03%) 33,479 (19.15%) 4,572 (2.62%) 4,019 (2.30%) 57 (0.03%)
1900 183,784 79,838 (43.44%) 59,459 (32.35%) 34,707 (18.88%) 5,339 (2.91%) 4,344 (2.36%) 97 (0.05%)
1910 188,098 85,355 (45.38%) 57,744 (30.70%) 34,798 (18.50%) 5,603 (2.98%) 4,410 (2.34%) 188 (0.10%)

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Gömör-Kishont county were:

Gömör és Kis-Hont county administrative map.jpg
Districts (járás)
District Capital
  Feled Feled (now Jesenské)
  Garamvölgy Nándorvölgy (now Vaľkovňa)
  Nagyrőce Jolsva (now Jelšava)
Putnok (from 1910) Putnok
Ratkó (from 1909) Ratkó (now Ratková)
  Rimaszombat Nyustya (now Hnúšťa)
  Rozsnyó Rozsnyó (now Rožňava)
  Tornalja Tornalja (now Tornaľa)
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
  Dobsina (now Dobšiná)
  Jolsva (now Jelšava)
  Nagyrőce (now Revúca)
  Rimaszombat (now Rimavská Sobota)
  Rozsnyó (now Rožňava)

Putnok is now in Hungary; all other named towns are now in Slovakia.

Main Square, Rimavská Sobota

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Only linguistic communities > 1% are displayed.
  2. ^ Only religious communities > 1% are displayed.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Az 1881. év elején végrehajtott népszámlálás főbb eredményei megyék és községek szerint rendezve, II. kötet (1882)". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved 2021-09-28.
  2. ^ "A Magyar Korona országainak helységnévtára (1892)". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved 2021-09-29.
  3. ^ "A MAGYAR KORONA ORSZÁGAINAK 1900". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved 2021-09-29.
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2021-09-29.