Göreme (Turkish: [ˈɟœɾeme]; Ancient Greek: Κόραμα, Kòrama), located among the "fairy chimney" rock formations, is a town in Cappadocia, a historical region of Turkey. It is in the Nevşehir Province in Central Anatolia and has a population of around 2,000 people.
Former names of the town have been Korama, Matiana, Maccan or Machan, and Avcilar. When Göreme Valley nearby was designated an important tourist destination, a "center" for all tourism in Cappadocia, the name of the town was changed to Göreme for practical reasons.
Among Göreme's historically important sites are Ortahane, Durmus Kadir, Yusuf Koc and Bezirhane churches, in addition to the richly decorated Tokali Kilise, the Apple Church, and a number of homes and pigeon houses carved straight into the rock formations in the town.
The time that the Göreme was first settled is unclear, but it could date back as far as the Hittite era, between 1800 and 1200 B.C. For many centuries, the location was central between rival empires, such as the Hurri-Mitanni, Hittite Empire, Middle Assyrian Empire, Neo Assyrian Empire, Persian Achaemenid Empire and the Greek Seleucid Empire, leading the natives to tunnel into the rock to escape the political turmoil. During the Roman era, the area became home to Christians retreating from Rome. Christianity prevailed as the primary religion in the region, which is evident from many rock churches that can still be seen today.
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Location||Nevşehir Province, Anatolia, Turkey|
|Part of||Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia|
|Criteria||Cultural and Natural: (i)(iii)(v)(vii)|
|Inscription||1985 (9th Session)|
|Area||9,572 ha (36.96 sq mi)|
Göreme cafe owner making flatbread
- Lynch, Paul; McIntosh, Alison J.; Tucker, Hazel (2 June 2009). Commercial Homes in Tourism: An International Perspective. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-03028-6.
- "Goreme.org – Goreme". goreme.org. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
- Society, National Geographic. "Cappadocia -- World Heritage Site -- National Geographic". Retrieved 30 August 2015.
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