Göttingen (district)

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Göttingen
District
Coat of arms of Göttingen
Coat of arms
Lower Saxony GÖ.svg
Country  Germany
State Lower Saxony
Capital Göttingen
Area
 • Total 1,753 km2 (677 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2015)[1]
 • Total 329,538
 • Density 190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration GÖ, DUD, HMÜ, OHA
Website landkreis-goettingen.de

Göttingen (German pronunciation: [ˈɡœtɪŋən]) is a district (German: Landkreis) in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is bounded by (from the north and clockwise) the district of Northeim, and by the states of Thuringia (district of Eichsfeld) and Hesse (districts of Werra-Meißner and Kassel).

History[edit]

In 1885 the Prussian government established the districts of Göttingen, Münden and Duderstadt within the Province of Hanover. These districts existed for 88 years, before they were merged in 1973 to form the present district of Göttingen. On 1 November 2016, it was reformed by the addition of the former district of Osterode.[2]

Geography[edit]

The western half of the district is occupied by the Weserbergland mountains. The Weser River receives it name near the town of Hannoversch Münden, where the Fulda joins the Werra. Further east the Leine river runs through the district from south to north.

Coat of arms[edit]

In the upper part is the heraldic lion of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Below is a combination of the arms of the former districts, which were merged in 1973 to form the present district: the shield of Münden, the anchor of Göttingen, and the wheel of Duderstadt.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Towns and municipalities in Landkreis Göttingen
Towns Samtgemeinden
  1. Bad Grund
  2. Bad Lauterberg
  3. Bad Sachsa
  4. Duderstadt
  5. Göttingen
  6. Hann. Münden
  7. Herzberg am Harz
  8. Osterode am Harz
  9. Walkenried


Free municipalities

  1. Adelebsen
  2. Bovenden
  3. Friedland
  4. Gleichen
  5. Rosdorf
  6. Staufenberg


Unincorporated area

  • Harz (267.37 km², uninhabited)
  1. Bühren
  2. Dransfeld1, 2
  3. Jühnde
  4. Niemetal
  5. Scheden
  1. Bilshausen
  2. Bodensee
  3. Gieboldehausen1
  4. Krebeck
  5. Obernfeld
  6. Rhumspringe
  7. Rollshausen
  8. Rüdershausen
  9. Wollbrandshausen
  10. Wollershausen
  1. Elbingerode
  2. Hattorf am Harz1
  3. Hörden am Harz
  4. Wulften am Harz
  1. Ebergötzen1
  2. Landolfshausen
  3. Seeburg
  4. Seulingen
  5. Waake
1seat of the Samtgemeinde; 2town

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Landkreis Göttingen at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 51°30′N 9°55′E / 51.5°N 9.92°E / 51.5; 9.92