Gözne Castle

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Gözne Castle
Mersin Province, Turkey
Gözne Castle (east).JPG
East building
Gözne Castle is located in Turkey
Gözne Castle
Gözne Castle
Coordinates 36°59′32″N 34°34′27″E / 36.99222°N 34.57417°E / 36.99222; 34.57417Coordinates: 36°59′32″N 34°34′27″E / 36.99222°N 34.57417°E / 36.99222; 34.57417
Type Castle
Site information
Controlled by Ministry of Culture
Open to
the public
Yes
Condition Most of east building still standing.
Site history
Built by Byzantine Empire
Demolished Part of it

Gözne Castle is a medieval castle in Mersin Province, Turkey.

Geography[edit]

The castle is in the Toros Mountains at 36°59′45″N 34°34′40″E / 36.99583°N 34.57778°E / 36.99583; 34.57778. It is situated to the south of Gözne town. It is accessible only from the north i.e. Gözne. Its distance to Mersin is 30 kilometres (19 mi) The road to the castle is an all seasons open road. The altitude of the castle is 1,120 metres (3,670 ft). The castle is open to visits.

History[edit]

According to the published archaeological description and plan of this site, this “castle” was probably a fortified estate house. It was built with distinctive Armenian masonry between the 12th and 14th centuries.[1] It also protected a strategic route which linked the Mediterranean coast to Çandır Castle and Lampron, the main seats of Het'umid power in the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia.

The buildings[edit]

This site consists of two fortified chambers without connecting masonry walls. The one at the east is a building with a vaulted rectangular hall, a defensive doorway, four towers, five extremely narrow windows, and a single embrasured loophole. The one at the west is a two-story hexagonal tower-donjon with two doors and three windows. Projecting corbels at the top once supported fighting platforms.[2] Recently, a picnic area was established to the north of the castle.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edwards, Robert W. (1987). The Fortifications of Armenian Cilicia: Dumbarton Oaks Studies XXIII. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University. pp. 136–39, 283, pls.88a–90b. ISBN 0-88402-163-7.
  2. ^ Mersin Ören Yerleri, Mersin Valiliği, İstanbul, 2009, ISBN 978 605 4196 07 4 p.39