Gülüstan, Goranboy

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Coordinates: 40°21′30″N 46°34′43″E / 40.35833°N 46.57861°E / 40.35833; 46.57861

Gülüstan is located in Azerbaijan
Coordinates: 40°21′30″N 46°34′43″E / 40.35833°N 46.57861°E / 40.35833; 46.57861
Country Disputed between  Azerbaijan and  Nagorno-Karabakh
Municipality Buzluq
Time zone AZT (UTC+4)
 • Summer (DST) AZT (UTC+5)

Gülüstan (Armenian: Գյուլիստան, Gyulistan) is a village in the Goranboy District of Azerbaijan, which is part of the municipality of Buzluq.[1] Gülüstan (گلستان Gulistan/Golestan) is a Persian word and means "The Rose Garden".

Gülüstan has a historical significance for being the village where the Treaty of Gulistan was signed between the Russian Empire and Qajar Iran on 12 October 1813, concluding the nine-year-long Russo-Persian War. According to the agreement, Qajar Iran was forced to recognize Russian rule over Dagestan, Georgia and the present-day territory of Azerbaijan (with the exception of Nakhchivan and Talysh). The Treaty of Gulistan also provided for the immigration of Armenians from Iran to Russian Armenia.

In the Soviet times, the village was part of the Shahumyan Region, a majority-Armenian administrative unit outside the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast. Before 1991, the village was inhabited by ethnic Armenians who fled in the wake of Operation Goranboy.[2] The Shahumian Region was then incorporated into the Goranboy District. Currently, Gülüstan is located in close proximity to the contact line between the Nagorno-Karabakh Defense Army (which claims the village) and the army of Azerbaijan.

On 3 March 1992 an Armenian transport helicopter Mi-26 carrying around 50 women and children from Gülüstan on board was shot down, and 16 people were killed. The Armenian side blamed the Azerbaijani army for the attack.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Bələdiyyə İnformasiya Sistemi" (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on September 24, 2008. 
  2. ^ http://census.stat-nkr.am/nkr/1-1.pdf
  3. ^ [1]