Gülcemal Kadınefendi

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Gülcemal Kadınefendi
گل‌جمال کادین افندی
Born Hatice[1]
c. 1826
Ottoman Empire
Died 16 November 1851
Ortaköy Palace, Istanbul, the Ottoman Empire
Cause of death Tuberculosis
Resting place Yeni Mosque, Istanbul
Residence Istanbul
Ethnicity Bosnian
Known for Valide Sultan
Religion Islam
Spouse(s) Abdülmecid I
Children Fatma Sultan
Hadice Sultan
Refia Sultan
Mehmed V
Rukiye Sultan

Gülcemal Kadınefendi (Ottoman Turkish: گل‌جمال کادین افندی‎) (or Gül-Cemâl Kadınefendi) (c. 1826 – 16 November 1851[2])(Gülcemal, Gül-Cemâl meaning "Rose faced") was the wife of 31st Ottoman Sultan Abdülmecid I. She was the mother of Fatma Sultan, Hadice Sultan, Refia Sultan, Rukiye Sultan and Sultan Mehmed V of the Ottoman Empire.[3] Her rank in the royal harem was "Dördüncü Kadın Efendi" (literally "fourth woman", i.e. "fourth wife").[4][5]

The son of Gül-Cemâl Kadınefendi, Mehmed V (Reşâd).


Gülcemal Kadınefendi was born in 1826 and was from Albanian descent. Her real name was Sofia. At a very young age she was given to the palace for service. During her service Abdülmecid took notice of Gülcemal and they married in 1840 in the Topkapı Palace.

She gave birth to five children, including Mehmed V. Two of her children died in infancy and the surviving three of them were adopted by, Servetsezâ Kadınefendi, one of Abdülmecid's wives. She died on 16 November 1851 or 29 December 1895 in Ortaköy, Constantinople/Istanbul[6] However, she was never Valide Sultan to her son, because she died before Mehmed Reşad's accession to the Ottoman throne.[7] Her cause of death was tuberculosis.

Burial place[edit]

She is buried in the Mausoleum of the imperial ladies at the Yeni Mosque Istanbul.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 (Hardcover).


  1. ^ John Freely (2001). Inside the Seraglio: private lives of the sultans in Istanbul. Penguin. 
  2. ^ "Turkey: The Imperial House of Osman". web.archive.org. 
  3. ^ "Genealogy of the Ottoman Royal Family". 
  4. ^ "Consorts Of Ottoman Sultans (in Turkish)". Ottoman Web Page. 
  5. ^ Anthony Dolphin Alerson (1956). The Structure of the Ottoman Dynasty. Clarendon Press. 
  6. ^ Finkel, Caroline, Osman's Dream, (Basic Books, 2005), 57; "Istanbul was only adopted as the city's official name in 1930..".
  7. ^ "Sultan V. Mehmed Reşad Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06.