Gülfem Hatun

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Gülfem Hatun
کلفام خاتون
Sa'ide Şehide[2]
Empress consort of the Ottoman Empire
Tenure 1507 – 24 April 1512
Born c. 1492
Albania, Ottoman Empire
Died c. 1561 (aged 69-70)
Eski Palace, Beyazıt Square, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
Burial Gülfem Hatun Mosque, Istanbul
Spouse Bayezid II
Full name
Turkish: Gülfem Hatun
English: Gulfam Khatun
Ottoman Turkish: کلفام خاتون
Religion Sunni Islam

Gülfem Hatun (Ottoman Turkish: کلفام خاتون‎; c. 1492 – c. 1561) was the Empress consort of Sultan Bayezid II (reign 1481–1512) of the Ottoman Empire.[3]


Gülfem Hatun was born in 1492, and was Albanian by birth. She belonged to Kastrioti family. She married Bayezid in 1507.[4][self-published source] After his deposition and death in 1512, and Gülfem remained at the Eski Palace, Istanbul.[citation needed] Throughout Suleiman the Magnificent's reign (reign 1520–1566), she enjoyed a considerable status within the imperial harem, thus she is supposed by some authors to have been a concubine of Suleyman's or the stewardess of his harem[5] and received 150 aspers a day.[6]

In 1522 she commissioned a fountain in Yenişehir[disambiguation needed], and in 1524 another fountain in Manisa.[1] In September 1542, she commissioned a soup kitchen in Üsküdar.[7] In March 1543 she established the financial ground work to built a "timber frame mosque"[8][9] now known as the "Gülfem Hatun Mosque",[10] located near the soup kitchen. According to a local tradition, the mosque was intended for the use of women and opened to men only in recent times.[11][12] A school is also present near the mosque.[13]

She died in 1561, and was buried in her own mosque.[14]

In popular culture[edit]

In the 2003 TV miniseries, Hürrem Sultan, Gülfem Hatun was played by Turkish actress Yasemin Kozanoğlu.


  1. ^ a b Uluçay 2011, p. 64.
  2. ^ Haskan 2001, p. 969.
  3. ^ Eroğlu 2004, p. 116 n. 63.
  4. ^ Woronzow 2016, p. 8.
  5. ^ Peirce 1993, p. 302 n. 12.
  6. ^ Peirce 1993, p. 133.
  7. ^ Haskan 2001, p. 986.
  8. ^ Ostovich & Silcox Roebuck, p. 65.
  9. ^ Princeton 1997, p. 35.
  10. ^ Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 252-3.
  11. ^ Peirce 1993, p. 201.
  12. ^ Ruggles 2000, p. 60.
  13. ^ Haskan 2001, p. 911.
  14. ^ Uluçay 2011, p. 65.


  • Eroğlu, Haldun (2004). Osmanlı Devletinde Şehzadelik Kurumu. Akçağ. 
  • Peirce, Leslie P. (1993). The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-195-08677-5. 
  • Uluçay, Mustafa Çağatay (2011). Padişahların kadınları ve kızları. Ankara, Ötüken. 
  • Ruggles, D. Fairchild (August 3, 2000). Women, Patronage, and Self-Representation in Islamic Societies. SUNY Press. ISBN 978-0-791-44470-2. 
  • Woronzow, Salomé (October 2016). Sultan Suleyman I. und seine Frauen. [self-published source]
  • Ostovich, Helen; Silcox, Mary V.; Roebuck, Graham (2008). The Mysterious and the Foreign in Early Modern England. Associated University Presse. ISBN 978-0-874-13954-9. 
  • Princeton Papers: Interdisciplinary Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. Markus Wiener Publishers. 1997. 
  • Sakaoğlu, Necdet (2008). Bu mülkün kadın sultanları: Vâlide sultanlar, hâtunlar, hasekiler, kadınefendiler, sultanefendiler. Oğlak Yayıncılık. ISBN 978-9-753-29623-6. 
  • Haskan, Mehmed Nermi (2001). Yüzyıllar Boyunca Üsküdar, Volume 2. Üsküdar Belediyesi. ISBN 978-9-759-76063-2.