Gün Sazak

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Gün Sazak
Ministry of Customs and Monopolies
In office
July 21, 1977 – January 5, 1978
Prime Minister Süleyman Demirel
Preceded by Mehmet Can
Succeeded by Tuncay Mataracı
Personal details
Born (1932-03-26)March 26, 1932
Ankara, Turkey
Died May 27, 1980(1980-05-27) (aged 48)
Ankara, Turkey
Nationality Turkish
Political party Nationalist Movement Party (MHP)
Spouse(s) Nilgün Sazak
Children
  • Emin Ergün Sazak (son)
  • Süleyman Servet Sazak (son)
  • Mahmure Gülgün Sazak (daughter)
  • Ayşe Bilgün Sazak Boyner (daughter)
Alma mater California State Polytechnic University College of Agriculture
Occupation Politician
Profession Agronomist
Cabinet 41st government of Turkey

Gün Sazak (March 26, 1932 – May 27, 1980) was a Turkish nationalist politician and former government minister who was assassinated in a terrorist attack by left wing militants.

Early life and family[edit]

Gün Sazak was born on March 26, 1932 in Ankara to Emin Sazak and his wife Ayşe. His father was a member of parliament from the Republican People's Party (CHP) and later the Democrat Party (DP).[1] His brother Güven Sazak served as the president of Süper Lig club Fenerbahçe SK,[2] and Yılmaz Sazak, was the president of the Turkish Athletic Federation.[3]

Sazak completed his primary and secondary education in Ankara.[4] His family had extensive agricultural land at Sazak village in the Mihalıççık district of Eskişehir Province. Because of this land Sazak went in 1951 to the United States to study at the California State Polytechnic University College of Agriculture.[1][4]

After eight years, he returned home,[4] and worked on a construction business and the family farm. Sazak achieved a significant increase in agricultural production by applying modern techniques.

He was married to Nilgün[5] and they had a son named Süleyman Servet Sazak in 1955. Their son became a deputy of Eskişehir. The Sazaks also had two daughters, Mahmure Gülgün Sazak,[6][7] and Ayşe Bilgün Sazak. Ayşe Bilgün married textile businessman Cem Boyner.[8]

Politician career[edit]

In 1971, Gün Sazak entered politics representing the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP).[4] Sazak was elected to the post deputy chairman of the MHP in 1972 following a traffic accident which killed the previous holder of the post.[4]

At the 1977 general election, Sazak unsuccessfully ran for an Eskişehir Province seat in the parliament, representing the MHP.[4]

During the formation of the 41st government (the so-called Second Nationalist Front coalition cabinet) of Süleyman Demirel, Sazak was appointed Minister of Customs and Monopolies despite not being member of the parliament.[4] He served as government minister 21 July, 1977 until 5 January, 1978. During his term he successfully fought corruption, smuggling and customs fraud.[1][4] Sazak reduced arms trafficking conducted by organized crime and terrorism and imported cigarette smuggling.[4] Customs corruption was said to be restored after he left the post.[4] Abdi İpekçi (1929–1979), the later-assassinated editor-in-chief of the daily Milliyet, who opposed Sazak's politically, had praised Sazak in a column on October 12, 1978 for his achievement in re-establishing law and order at the customs.[4] Another political opponent CHP stated during the 1978 budget debates that Sazak is the only person, who had stopped the "robbery" at the customs since the foundation of the Republic.[4]

Gün Sazak was also the chairman of the executive board at the daily Hergün.[1]

Assassination[edit]

Gün Sazak's official police guard was removed by an order of the martial law commander in Ankara. This was despite the risk to Sazak during a period of political unrest.[4]

On May 27, 1980, Gün Sazak was assassinated in front of his house by members of the Marxist–Leninist terrorist group Revolutionary Left (Turkish: Devrimci Sol), shortly Dev Sol.[4][9] The terrorists, who were later identified as Mehmet Edip Eranıl, Ahmet Levent Babacan, Sadık Zafer Özcan and Cengiz Gül arrived at Sazak's house around 19:00 hours and they then waited for Sazak's arrival. Gül shot and severely wounded Gün Sazak in his back as he arrived home around midnight. Sazak had got out of his car and he was trying to take his belongings out of the car's boot. Sazak died on his way to the hospital.[9] It was later said that a passing minibus had hindered Babacan's shooting.[4][10] The perpetrators left on foot and later caught a taxi.[11][12]

Aftermath[edit]

After the assassination, Gül and Babacan delivered their handguns to 17-year-old Cem Öz, another member of Dev Sol.[10][11][12] Instructed by Gül, Özcan phoned the newspapers Milliyet and Tercüman and gave notice of Dev Sol's responsibility for the assassination.[10][11][12]

Two days after the assassination, MHP supporters were said to have spread propaganda about Sazak's death. Alevis in Çorum were attacked and there was a call to attack both Alevis and any left wing activists. The military restored order after 48 people were said to have died and numerous people had their faces mutilated.[13]

In July 1980, Dev Sol claimed responsibility for the assassination in its illegal journal Devrimci Sol.[9] The capture of the assailants took time.[10] The fugitives Eranıl, who was the organization's Ankara office chief, Kemal Cemal Altun, a co-planner of the assassination, and Gül fled abroad after the military coup on September 12, 1980.[11][12] Gül crossed the border to Greece first, and then went to Frankfurt, Germany.[10][12] Sadık Zafer Özcan was apprehended on March 2, Ahmet Levent Babacan on March 7 and Cem Öz on March 15, 1981.[12]

Ten months after the assassination, Babacan, Özcan and Öz, were apprehended.[4] On April 6, 1983, the 2nd Military Court of the Martial Law Command in Ankara sentenced Babacan to life imprisonment, Öz to five year aggravated imprisonment and Özcan to six year aggravated imprisonment.[4] Eranıl, who was considered the mastermind behind the assassination hijacked a plane with three other accomplices.[14] The Turkish Airlines airplane was on a domestic flight from Istanbul to Ankara and it was commanded to go to Burgas in Bulgaria on 24 May, 1981. The hijackers asked for the release of nearly 50 prisoners in Turkey and half a million dollars. They were overpowered by their hostages and were arrested by the Bulgarian police.[14] However, it was not revealed whether Eralın was extradited to Turkey or not.

Eranıl was reported to be running a café in Duisburg, Germany in 2008.[12] Altun was arrested in Germany on 5 July, 1982 in connection with the assassination of former Turkish prime minister Nihat Erim.[12] However Altun committed suicide by jumping from the sixth floor of the courthouse in West Berlin, Germany on August 30, 1983 to prevent his extradition to Turkey.[4][10][12]

In January 2013, a report of the National Intelligence Organization of Turkey (MİT) revealed that the assassination of Gün Sazak was instructed by Dursun Karataş (1952–2008), the leader of Dev Sol.[4][9][12]

Legacy[edit]

A boulevard in Karşıyaka district of Izmir[15] and streets in Uşak[16] and in Keçiören, Ankara[17] are named after him. A secondary boarding school in his family's hometown in Mihaliççık, Eskişehir bears his name.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Gün Sazak" (in Turkish). Biyografi. Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  2. ^ "Güven Sazak" (in Turkish). Biyografi. Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  3. ^ "Dokun-kaç bize göre değil dedi bu yıl 1 milyon lira bütçe ayırdı". Akşam (in Turkish). 2011-06-04. Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Gün Sazak (1932-1980)". Kapsam Haber (in Turkish). 2012-08-30. Retrieved 2014-02-12. 
  5. ^ Özkök, Ertuğrul (2013-05-07). "Ne mutlu o çocuklara ki". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  6. ^ Cankurt, Bülent (2013-03-25). "Ailelerinden habersiz evlenmişler!". Sabah (in Turkish). Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  7. ^ Oktay, Ali (2012-12-30). "Gülgün Sazak'ın çantası çalındı". Sabah (in Turkish). Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  8. ^ Çıntay, Nur (2010-12-26). "Gülgün Sazak'ın çantası çalındı". Sabah (in Turkish). Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  9. ^ a b c d "MİT'ten 1 Mayıs ve Gün Sazak yanıtı". Hürriyet (in Turkish). 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f Oğur, Yıldıray (2010-12-28). "Gün Sazak neden öldürüldü". Taraf (in Turkish). Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  11. ^ a b c d Özer, Çınar (2013-01-16). "MİT belgelerinde Gün Sazak cinayeti!". Vatan (in Turkish). Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "MİT'in 12 Eylül belgeleri mahkemede". Sabah (in Turkish). 2013-01-15. Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  13. ^ İnce, Başak (2012). Citizenship and identity in Turkey : from Atatürk's republic to the present day. London: I.B. Tauris. p. 132. ISBN 1780760264. 
  14. ^ a b Howe, Marvine (1981-05-27). "Turkey Aasking Bulgaria For Extradition of Hijackers". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  15. ^ "Gün Sazak Bulvarı Haritası" (in Turkish). Harita Map. Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  16. ^ "Gün Sazak Caddesi Haritası" (in Turkish). Harita Map. Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  17. ^ "Gün Sazak Caddesi Haritası" (in Turkish). Harita Map. Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  18. ^ "Ana Sayfa" (in Turkish). Eskişehir - Mihaliççık - Gün Sazak Yatılı Bölge Ortaokulu. Retrieved 2014-02-11.