7 November 1921|
Rhynern in Hamm
|Died||7 July 2004
|Allegiance|| Nazi Germany (to 1945)
German Air Force
|Years of service||1940–45, 1956–81|
JG 73, JG 71
Allied Air Forces Central Europe
|Commands held||3./JG 51, IV./JG 51, JG 71|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves|
|Other work||Joiner, wood industry|
Günther Josten (7 November 1921 – 7 July 2004) was a German Luftwaffe military aviator during World War II, a fighter ace credited with 178 enemy aircraft shot down in 420 combat missions, all of which claimed over the Eastern Front. Following World War II, he served in the newly established West Germany's Air Force in the Bundeswehr.
Josten volunteered for military service in the Luftwaffe of Nazi Germany following outbreak of World War II. He was admitted in 1940 and following flight training, he was posted to the 1st group of Jagdgeschwader 51 "Mölders" (JG 51—51st Fighter Wing) operating on the Eastern Front. He claimed his first aerial victory in February 1943 and after 84 aerial victories, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross in February 1944. In July 1944, he was appointed squadron leader of the 3rd squadron of JG 51 and on 20 July, Josten claimed his 100th victory in aerial combat. After he claimed his 161st aerial victory he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves on 28 March 1945. On 12 April 1945, he was appointed group commander of the 4th group of JG 51.
On 5 May 1945, Josten was interned by the British occupational authorities. Following his release, he worked in private industry. Following the rearmament of the Federal Republic of Germany, Josten joined the Air Force of the Bundeswehr in 1956. In 1962, he was appointed wing commander of Jagdgeschwader 71 "Richthofen" (JG 71—71st Fighter Wing). From 1967 to 1970, he was made deputy commander of NATO's System Operations Center in Brockzetel, in Aurich. In October 1970, he was transferred to the Allied Air Forces Central Europe at the Ramstein Air Base. There he led the staff of the aerial defenses. His last service position before he retired in 1981 was deputy commander of the 4th Air Division. Josten, who logged 3,250 flight hours, of which 1,580 during World War II, died in 2004.
Early life and career
Josten was born on 7 November 1921 in Rhynern, today a borough of Hamm, in the Province of Westphalia during the time of the Weimar Republic. He was the second son, following his older brother Reinhard, of Johannes Josten and his wife Gertraud.[Note 1] His father was the Protestant pastor of Kölleda in Thuringia. In October 1935, the Reichsluftfahrtministerium (Ministry of Aviation) decided to build an airfield at Kölleda which influenced him and his brother to become an aviator. Josten attended the boarding school Schulpforta. The school was made into a National Political Institutes of Education (Nationalpolitische Erziehungsanstalt—Napola), a secondary school founded under the recently established Nazi state, on 16 August 1935. The goal of the Napola schools was to raise a new generation for the political, military and administrative leadership of the Third Reich. On 25 May 1938, Josten made his first rubber powered flight on a DFS 35 glider aircraft with the National Socialist Flyers Corps of Naumburg.
World War II in Europe began on Friday, 1 September 1939, when German forces invaded Poland. Following the start of hostilities, Josten immediately volunteered for military service in the Luftwaffe. The Wehrmacht took its time to accept and process his application. In January 1940, he was ordered to the Fliegerausbildungsstelle (Aviator Training Facility) in Weimar-Nohra and on 11 April, he was posted to Fliegerausbildungs-Regiment 61 (61st Aviators Training Regiment) in Oschatz. At first he feared to become an air gunner but his desire to become a pilot was granted and he was posted to the Luftwaffen-Flugzeugführerschule A/B 4 (flight school for the pilot license) at Prague-Gbell.[Note 2] On 31 August 1940, he was granted leave to return to Schulpforta for his Abitur (diploma) examination which began 19 September. He received news that he had passed his Abitur, a precondition to become an officer, on 23 September and returned to Prague on 2 October. On 18 October 1940, after 63 takeoffs and landings, Josten made his first solo flight on a Focke-Wulf Fw 44 "Stieglitz". On 31 July 1941, Josten received his A/B pilot license and was promoted to Unteroffizier (staff sergeant), the only student of his class to receive this promotion. During flight training, he was trained to fly the Focke-Wulf Fw 44, Fw 56 and Fw 58, the Bücker Bü 131, the Klemm Kl 35, the Junkers W 34, the Gotha Go 145, the Arado Ar 65 and Ar 96, the Heinkel He 70, the Letov Š-328, the Avia B-534, and the North American NA-57.
On 1 August 1941, Josten was transferred to the Jagdfliegervorschule 1 (Pre Fighter Pilot School) in Kamenz under the command of Hauptmann (Captain) Hans-Günther von Kornatzki. He was then transferred to the Jagdgruppe Drontheim, based at the Fliegerhorst Grove in Denmark on 1 November 1941. There, on 9 January 1942, he flew the Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter aircraft for the first time. On 7 July 1942, he was posted to the Ergänzungs-Jagdgruppe Ost (EJGr Ost—Supplementary Fighter Group, East), a specialized training unit for new fighter pilots destined for the Eastern Front.
World War II
At the end of August 1942, Josten was sent to the Eastern Front and assigned to the 1. Staffel (1st squadron) of Jagdgeschwader 51 "Mölders" (JG 51—51st Fighter Wing), named after the first fighter pilot to claim 100 aerial victories in combat, Oberst (Colonel) Werner Mölders.[Note 3] On 23 February 1943, he claimed his first aerial victory, a Ilyushin Il-2 ground-attack aircraft shot down on a combat air patrol near Zhizdra. On 9 March 1943, Josten's Staffel is equipped with the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-4 at the airbase Schatalowka, present-day Shatalovo air base, 40 kilometers (25 miles) southeast of Smolensk. On 3 April 1943, Josten received the Iron Cross 2nd Class (Eisernes Kreuz zweiter Klasse) from his commanding officer. The official documented presentation date for this award is 4 April.
On 15 April 1943, Josten was granted home leave. During this vacation, he visits Dresden where he meets with Alice Schmidt, née Wehrsen, for the first time. She is 21 years old, a young war widow, mother of a two-year-old son, Jürgen, and former friend of his brother Reinhard. The two fall in love and marry on 13 June 1944.
On 10 July 1943 he scored multiple times for his claims 8 to 10. Three days later on 13 July he shot down 5 Il-2 Sturmoviks for victories 12 to 16. All in all he claimed 19 victories in July and 30 in August. After a successful September with 26 victories he was transferred to the Luftkriegsschule 4 at Fürstenfeldbruck. He returned to his Staffel on 3 February 1944. Two days later he claimed two Bostons and was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) as Oberfeldwebel. He was also promoted to Leutnant (second lieutenant) on account of this achievement, backdated to 1 January 1944.
He claimed his 90th victory on 2 May 1944. On 18 September 1944 he took command of 3. Staffel of JG 51 as Staffelkapitän. On 20 July 1944, Josten was credited with his 100th aerial victory. He was the 85th Luftwaffe pilot to achieve the century mark.
On 18 September 1944, three bombardment groups of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) flew to Warsaw on a daylight support mission during the Warsaw Uprising (1 August – 2 October 1944). The force was made up of Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress bombers from 95th, 100th and 390th Bombardment Group, all from the 13th Bombardment Wing, escorted by 73 long range North American P-51 Mustang fighter aircraft. From this bomber force, Josten was credited with the destruction of the B-17 "Til we meet again", piloted by Lieutenant Francis Akins. The attack killed all but two members of the crew, who managed to bail out, including Akins.
By October 26 his score had reached 139 claims. His 150th kill was claimed on 17 February 1945. Following his 161st victory, Josten was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub) on 28 March 1945, the 810th member of the Wehrmacht to be so honored. Josten never received an official presentation of the Oak Leaves themselves nor did he receive the award documentation. Josten was first informed of the fact that he had been so honored by the commanding general of Luftwaffenkommando Ostpreußen (Airforce Command East Prussia), Generalmajor (Major General) Klaus Uebe, on 2 April 1945. On 4 April 1945, Reichsmarschall (Marshal of the Reich) Hermann Göring, the Commander-in-Chief of the Oberkommando der Luftwaffe (Air Force High Command), sent Josten a telegram and congratulated him for his achievements and the presentation of the Oak Leaves.
Josten was appointed Gruppenkommandeur (group commander) of IV. Gruppe of JG 51 on 12 April 1945. That day, Hauptmann (Captain) Günther Schack, the Gruppenkomandeur of I. Gruppe, was seriously injured in combat. In consequence, Josten briefly took charge of I. Gruppe, delaying his command of VI. Gruppe until 18 April. On 22 April, IV. Gruppe was moved to an airfield at Schmoldow. That day, just prior to the relocation Josten claimed two Il-2 shot down south of Stettin. On 23 April, the commanding general of Luftwaffenkommando Nordost (Air Force Command North East), General der Flieger (General of the Aviators) Martin Fiebig, visited the unit at Schmoldow. Fiebig held a speech, demanding that every German soldier should fight to the end and asked for volunteers to make Kamikaze suicide attacks against the Soviet Oder crossings. The idea was to fly Junkers Ju 88 bombers, loaded with high explosives, into the Oder bridges, none of the pilots from VI. Gruppe volunteered for these missions.
Flying the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 D-9 on 25 April 1945, Josten claimed nine aerial victories, his most successful day as a fighter pilot. On the first mission, leading a flight of three, he was credited with the destruction of one Yak-3 and three Il-2. On the second mission, he and his wingman, Oberfeldwebel Alfred Rauch, together shot down nine aircraft, five by Josten and four by Rauch. On this mission they first encountered 50 Bostons and 30 Airacobra. From this force, Josten shot down one Airacobra and two Bostons. The two then ran into a flight of 20 Il-2 and 30 Yak-3, of which Josten claimed two Il-2 destroyed. Josten claimed his last and 178th aerial victory over a Yak-3 on 26 April 1945. On 6 May 1945, he was taken prisoner by British forces of the RAF Second Tactical Air Force in Flensburg. Legally, according to the international law, Josten and his comrades were not prisoners of war but were interned.
Shortly after the end of the war the British wanted to evaluate the performance of the German Fw 190 D-13/R11 (Werknummer 836017—factory number). At Flensburg, the British Disarmament Wing wanted to compare the fighter's performance gainst a Hawker Tempest. On 25 June 1945, Josten and Heinz Lange flew the Fw 190 D-13 in mock combat against a Tempest piloted by a British pilot. The mock dogfight was conducted at an altitude of 10,000 feet (3,000 meters) with only enough fuel for the flight and no ammunition. The machines proved evenly matched.
Josten was released as a prisoner of war on 31 October 1945 by the No. 2 Squadron RAF at the Kiel-Holtenau airfield. He then became a joiner and worked at a furniture factory. In May 1949, he was hired by the Holzindustriebedarf GmbH, an industrial wood supplies company, in Cologne. After six months, he was put in charge of technical and commercial operations. End 1950, he was offered a general manager position with a plywood supplier in Koblenz and changed jobs to this company on 1 April 1951. His wife Alice gave birth to their mutual son, Meinhard Gero, on 2 July 1946. He and Alice were divorced on 15 November 1955. Later that year, he was invited to a New Year party in Stolberg (Harz), then in East Germany, by his former school friend Hans Tetzner, Chief Physician of the local hospital. At the party he met Ursula, a pediatrician from Erfurt. The two later married and had two sons, born in 1959 and 1961.
On 4 April 1956, Josten rejoined the military service in the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) in the Bundeswehr. He attended a number of training courses with the 7351st and 7330th Flying Training Wing of the United States Air Force (USAF) and the Canadian 427 Special Operations Aviation Squadron and was promoted to Hauptmann on 22 November 1956. He then served with the Waffenschule 10 (10th Weapon School) in Oldenburg and later as a Staffelkapitän in Jagdgeschwader 73 (JG 73—73rd Fighter Wing). During these assignments, he was promoted to Major (major) on 6 March 1959.
On 30 May 1962, Josten succeeded Erich Hartmann as Geschwaderkommodore (wing commander) of Jagdgeschwader 71 "Richthofen" (JG 71—71st Fighter Wing), named after the World War I fighter ace Manfred von Richthofen. It was under his command that JG 71 reequipped the Canadair Sabre with the U.S.-made Lockheed F-104 Starfighter. There, he was promoted to Oberstleutnant (lieutenant colonel) on 3 June 1962 and to Oberst on 14 June 1965.
Josten, who had retired from active service on 31 March 1981, was a member of the Gemeinschaft der Jagdflieger (Association of German Armed Forces Airmen). He died on 7 July 2004 in Aurich, Lower Saxony.
Aerial victory credits
Josten was credited with 178 aerial victories claimed in 420 combat missions, all of which were on the Eastern Front. He further claimed 25 unconfirmed victories and was never shot down in combat.
This and the – (dash) indicates unwitnessed aerial victory claims for which Josten did not receive credit.
Ace of spades) indicates those aerial victories which made Josten an "ace-in-a-day", a term which designates a fighter pilot who has shot down five or more airplanes in a single day. This and the ♠ (
|Chronicle of aerial victories|
|– 1. Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 51 –|
|1||23 February 1943||~6:30||near Zhizdra||Il-2||50||30 August 1943||17:30||southwest Nikitino||La-5|
|2||22 March 1943||8:10||near Kromy (63 372)||Il-2||51||31 August 1943||15:28||northeast Beresovka||Pe-2|
|28 May 1943||~11:20||east Oryol||La-5||52||31 August 1943||15:29||west Straina||Pe-2|
|3||8 June 1943||19:13||at Sloboda Ukraine (54 863)||Il-2||53||31 August 1943||18:00||northwest Jelnia||Il-2|
|4||10 June 1943||19:16||airfield Bryansk (44 593)||Il-2||
|5||10 June 1943||19:21||airfield Bryansk (44 484)||Il-2||
|6||10 June 1943||19:25||airfield Bryansk (44 462)||Il-2||
|7||10 July 1943||7:24||vicinity Fatezh (63 577)||MiG-3||
|8||10 July 1943||11:25||railway Oryol (63 587)||Il-2||
|9||10 July 1943||11:30||railway Oryol (53 664)||Pe-2||54||4 September 1943||10:14||east Tsowkino||Il-2|
|10||12 July 1943||5:46||Novosil (63 233)||Il-2||55||4 September 1943||10:16||near Tsadi||Il-2|
|11♠||13 July 1943||7:00||south Mtsensk (64 881)||Il-2||56||4 September 1943||17:13||south Leonovo||Il-2|
|12♠||13 July 1943||7:03||south Mtsensk (64 886)||Il-2||57||4 September 1943||17:14||north Kazanka||Pe-2|
|13♠||13 July 1943||13:45||vicinity Novosil (63 244)||Il-2||58||5 September 1943||15:28||near Berezkino||MiG-3|
|14♠||13 July 1943||13:50||vicinity Novosil (63 219)||Il-2||59♠||7 September 1943||8:28||near Ssamnilovo||Yak-7|
|15♠||13 July 1943||14:05||vicinity Novosil (63 244)||Il-2||60♠||7 September 1943||11:28||near Buda||Il-2|
|13 July 1943||~14:00||near Oryol||Il-2||61♠||7 September 1943||11:30||44 135||Yak-1|
|16||17 July 1943||10:42||railway Oryol (63 532)||Il-2||62♠||7 September 1943||11:34||west Kosmalschewa||Il-2|
|17||19 July 1943||11:32||Kursk salient (64 845)||Yak-1||63♠||7 September 1943||16:10||north Baganova||Il-2|
|18||22 July 1943||18:20||airfield Sloboda (64 749)||Il-2||64♠||7 September 1943||16:10||railway station Filipovo||Il-2|
|19||25 July 1943||12:34||southwest Kromy (53 616)||Il-2||65♠||7 September 1943||16:11||east Mokroye||Il-2|
|20||25 July 1943||12:50||1 km (0.62 mi) north Kromy (53 422)||Il-2||66||10 September 1943||16:43||east Golyshevka||Yak-1|
|21||25 July 1943||12:55||1 km (0.62 mi) north Kromy (53 426)||Il-2||67||10 September 1943||16:46||Kupava||Yak-1|
|22||28 July 1943||10:30||southwest Bolchow (54 649)||Il-2||68||10 September 1943||16:50||southwest Vorlovo||Yak-1|
|23||28 July 1943||10:30||southwest Bolchow (54 681)||Il-2||69||10 September 1943||17:10||south Ljudinovo||Il-2|
|24||31 July 1943||8:58||vicinity Oryol (54 679)||Il-2||70||14 September 1943||16:30||near Schatalowka||La-5|
|25||31 July 1943||9:03||vicinity Oryol (54 675)||LaGG-3||71♠||15 September 1943||9:45||Brykovo||Pe-2|
|26||2 August 1943||8:42||southeast Kromy||La-5||72♠||15 September 1943||9:53||Plotki||Il-2|
|27||2 August 1943||8:45||southwest Kromy||Il-2||73♠||15 September 1943||9:56||Chantsovo||Il-2|
|2 August 1943||unknown||near Kromy||La-5?||74♠||15 September 1943||12:05||Norje-Byki||La-5|
|2 August 1943||unknown||near Kromy||La-5?||75♠||15 September 1943||12:50||Tishevo||La-5|
|28||2 August 1943||9:25||southsouthwest Kromy||Il-2||76♠||15 September 1943||13:10||Sharipino||Il-2|
|29||3 August 1943||15:10||53 414||Il-2||77♠||15 September 1943||13:12||Galinska||Il-2|
|30||3 August 1943||15:20||53 425||La-5||78♠||15 September 1943||13:15||Bolynskaia||Yak-7|
|31||5 August 1943||4:37||near Karatschew (55 176)||Pe-2||79||17 September 1943||10:50||Rusinezky||Pe-2|
|32||7 August 1943||5:32||53 227||Airacobra||80||17 September 1943||11:20||5 km (3.1 mi) southwest Jelnia||Yak-9|
|33||7 August 1943||8:17||54 843||MiG-3||81||17 September 1943||13:50||Jselo||La-5|
|34||13 August 1943||5:50||near Ochtyrka||La-5||82||20 September 1943||16:30||1 km (0.62 mi) south Stugatovo||La-5|
|35||13 August 1943||18:36||near Olschany||Hurricane||83||5 February 1944||9:00||near Paryčy (93 362)||Boston|
|36||13 August 1943||18:37||near Olschany||Hurricane||84||5 February 1944||9:02||near Paryčy (93 366)||Boston|
|37||14 August 1943||6:00||vicinity Kharkiv-Poltawa (51 847)||Il-2||85||26 March 1944||12:40||04 556||Pe-2|
|38||14 August 1943||6:26||east Krysino (51 847)||Il-2||86||26 March 1944||12:50||04 725||Pe-2|
|39||14 August 1943||18:17||northeast Merepa||Il-2||87||5 April 1944||9:25||42 818||Yak-7|
|40||14 August 1943||18:20||north Podolychov||Il-2||88||5 April 1944||9:35||42 689||Yak-7|
|41||19 August 1943||15:48||east Achtykrka (41 696)||MiG-3||89||27 April 1944||11:23||42 885||MiG-3|
|42||21 August 1943||14:10||northwest Kharkiv (61 777)||Il-2||90||30 April 1944||14:00||42 872||La-5|
|43||21 August 1943||14:38||west Kharkiv||Il-2||91||22 June 1944||10:25||15 587||Pe-2|
|44||21 August 1943||14:38||west Kharkiv||Il-2||92||23 June 1944||6:10||05 1993||Yak-9|
|45||21 August 1943||14:40||north Lyubotin||Il-2||93||23 June 1944||6:40||forced landing near Gorki (05 695)||Yak-9|
|46||23 August 1943||6:45||vicinity Olschany||MiG-3||94||25 June 1944||12:13||05 448||Yak-9|
|47||23 August 1943||12:45||east Italovka||LaGG-3||95||25 June 1944||17:30||05 442||Yak-9|
|48||23 August 1943||16:40||northeast Deselyudovka||Pe-2||96||26 June 1944||11:47||96 467||Airacobra|
|49||23 August 1943||16:43||south Losjevo||Pe-2||97||unknown||unknown||unknown||unknown|
|23 August 1943||afternoon||near Kharkiv||MiG-3|
|– 3. Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 51 –|
|98||14 July 1944||11:20||44 846||Yak-9||133||20 October 1944||12:37||25 399||Il-2|
|99||19 July 1944||15:20||32 691||Il-2||134||20 October 1944||12:40||25 474||Il-2|
|100[Note 4]||19 July 1944||15:40||42 744||Il-2||135||20 October 1944||12:43||25 532||Il-2|
|101||20 July 1944||14:40||31 827||Il-2||136||22 October 1944||13:40||25 397||Pe-2|
|102||12 August 1944||13:02||12 337||Airacobra||137||25 October 1944||14:55||13 328||Yak-9|
|103||16 August 1944||8:50||southeast Łomża (24 792)||Il-2||138||26 October 1944||10:53||03 633||Yak-9|
|104||16 August 1944||8:55||southeast Łomża (24 796)||Il-2||139||26 October 1944||11:03||13 377||Yak-9|
|105||18 August 1944||16:32||13 543||Yak-1||140||16 January 1945||unknown||southeast Liepāja||Il-2|
|106||20 August 1944||12:40||northeast Warsaw (13 561)||Il-2||141||16 January 1945||unknown||southeast Liepāja||Yak-9|
|107||20 August 1944||13:10||northeast Warsaw (13 529)||Yak-9||142||17 January 1945||unknown||southwest Ciechanów||Airacobra|
|108||20 August 1944||16:25||northeast Warsaw (13 562)||Yak-9||143||11 February 1945||afternoon||southeast Mamonovo||La-5|
|109||21 August 1944||13:22||13 395||Yak-7||
|11 February 1945||afternoon||southeast Mamonovo||Il-2|
|110||22 August 1944||8:30||23 125||Yak-7||144||11 February 1945||afternoon||southeast Mamonovo||Il-2|
|111||22 August 1944||8:35||23 127||Yak-7||145♠||16 February 1945||unknown||northwest Grudziądz||Il-2|
|112||28 August 1944||10:32||13 245||La-5||146♠||16 February 1945||unknown||northwest Grudziądz||Il-2|
|113||28 August 1944||13:42||13 362||Yak-9||147♠||16 February 1945||unknown||northwest Grudziądz||Il-2|
|114||1 September 1944||14:12||13 527||Yak-7||148♠||16 February 1945||unknown||northwest Grudziądz||Il-2|
|115||1 September 1944||14:20||13 527||Yak-7||149♠||16 February 1945||unknown||northwest Grudziądz||Il-2|
|116||2 September 1944||8:22||13 527||Yak-7||
|17 February 1945||unknown||vicinity Braniewo||Il-2|
|117||3 September 1944||16:00||unknown||Yak-7||150||17 February 1945||unknown||vicinity Braniewo||Il-2|
|118||4 September 1944||15:58||13 211||Yak-7||151||19 February 1945||unknown||northwest Nowe||Il-2|
|119||5 September 1944||15:55||13 345||Yak-7||152||19 February 1945||unknown||northwest Nowe||Il-2|
|120||5 September 1944||16:17||13 348||Il-2||
|20 February 1945||unknown||east Gdańsk||Boston|
|121||6 September 1944||8:13||13 381||Yak-7||
|20 February 1945||unknown||east Gdańsk||Boston|
|122||12 September 1944||9:21||13 719||Airacobra||
|20 February 1945||unknown||east Gdańsk||Airacobra|
|123||18 September 1944||12:45||03 661||B-17 G||
|20 February 1945||unknown||east Gdańsk||Airacobra|
|124||9 October 1944||14:31||26 769||Yak-9||153||5 March 1945||unknown||near Tczew||Il-2|
|125||9 October 1944||14:46||26 526||MiG-3||154||9 March 1945||~12:00||Gdańsk-Wrzeszcz||Boston|
|126||9 October 1944||16:04||26 849||Yak-9||155||9 March 1945||afternoon||near Tczew||La-5|
|127||10 October 1944||14:54||26 728||Yak-9||156||9 March 1945||afternoon||Gdańsk-Wrzeszcz||Il-2|
|128||16 October 1944||10:20||25 496||Il-2||
|15 March 1945||unknown||vicinity Gdańsk||La-5|
|129||16 October 1944||10:40||25 435||La-5||158||18 March 1945||afternoon||vicinity Mamonovo||Yak-3|
|130||18 October 1944||9:45||25 613||Yak-9||159||19 March 1945||~12:00||Gdańsk-Wrzeszcz||Boston|
|131||18 October 1944||13:15||25 292||Yak-9||160||19 March 1945||afternoon||vicinity Gdańsk||Il-2|
|132||18 October 1944||15:53||25 431||Yak-9|
|– III. Gruppe of Jagdgeschwader 51 –|
|161||22 March 1945||unknown||vicinity Baltiysk||unknown||162||22 March 1945||unknown||vicinity Baltiysk||unknown|
|– 3. Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 51 –|
|163||3 April 1945||unknown||Gdańsk||Il-2||165||7 April 1945||before noon||unknown||Il-2|
|164||7 April 1945||before noon||unknown||Il-2|
|– VI. Gruppe of Jagdgeschwader 51 –|
|166||19 April 1945||afternoon||near Strausberg||Il-2||173♠||25 April 1945||unknown||unknown||Airacobra|
|167||22 April 1945||afternoon||south Stettin||Il-2||174♠||25 April 1945||unknown||unknown||Boston|
|168||22 April 1945||afternoon||south Stettin||Il-2||175♠||25 April 1945||unknown||unknown||Boston|
|169♠||25 April 1945||before noon||unknown||Yak-3||176♠||25 April 1945||unknown||unknown||Il-2|
|170♠||25 April 1945||before noon||unknown||Il-2||177♠||25 April 1945||unknown||unknown||Il-2|
|171♠||25 April 1945||before noon||unknown||Il-2||178||26 April 1945||unknown||unknown||Yak-3|
|172♠||25 April 1945||before noon||unknown||Il-2|
- Iron Cross (1939)
- Ehrenpokal der Luftwaffe on 20 September 1943 as Feldwebel and pilot[Note 5]
- German Cross in Gold on 17 October 1943 as Feldwebel in the 1./Jagdgeschwader 51
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
- Reinhard later also served in Jagdgeschwader 51 and was killed in a flight accident returning from a mission on 21 April 1942.
- Flight training in the Luftwaffe progressed through the levels A1, A2 and B1, B2, referred to as A/B flight training. A training included theoretical and practical training in aerobatics, navigation, long-distance flights and dead-stick landings. The B courses included high-altitude flights, instrument flights, night landings and training to handle the aircraft in difficult situations.
- For an explanation of Luftwaffe unit designations see Organization of the Luftwaffe during World War II.
- According to Obermaier, Josten was credited with his 100th aerial victory on 20 July 1944. Braatz and Göpel on page 225 quote Josten's diary and state that the 100th aerial victory was claimed on 20 July 1944. However, on page 319, they contradict this statement by claiming the 100th aerial victory occurred on 19 July 1944.
- According to Obermaier on 31 August 1943.
- According to Scherzer and Von Seemen as pilot in the 1./Jagdgeschwader 51 "Mölders"
- Stockert 2011, p. 23.
- Braatz & Göpel 2011, p. 92.
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Oberstleutnant Erich Hartmann
|Commander of Jagdgeschwader 71 "Richthofen"
30 May 1962 – 1 April 1967
Oberst Horst Dieter Kallerhoff