Günzburg is a surname of Bavarian origin.
History of the name
The Günzburg (Cyrillic: Гинзбург, Гинцбург, Yiddish: גינצבורג, גינזבורג, Ginzburg, Gintsburg) family originated in the town of Günzburg, Bavaria. It is believed that the family went there from the city of Ulm, Württemberg, and that for this reason the best-known progenitor of the family and some of his immediate descendants, as well as certain others, called themselves "Ulma-Günzburg". ("Rabbi Jair Chajim Bacharach und Seine Ahnen", p. 45, Treves, 1894) proves that "Gunz" and "Gaunz" are simply variants of "Günzburg."
It is also an Ashkenazi Jewish surname. When, early in the emancipation period, the Jews of Russia and of Austria were ordered by their governments to adopt family names, it was natural that many of them should choose a name so respected and pleasing as that of Günzburg. There is on record a lawsuit instituted by Baer Günzburg of Grodno against a Jewish family of that city who had adopted the same name under the decree of 1804 (Maggid, "Toledot Mishpechoth Gintzburg," p. 239, St. Petersburg, 1899). The court sustained the right of Jewish families to adopt any name they chose, and the number of Günzburg families accordingly increased.
The name is composed of two German elements. Burg means "castle" or "citadel". This commonly was also used to describe a walled settlement or town, hence common usage in town names such as Hamburg (from Old German: Hammaburg, lit. "castle above the river bend"). Developments of the word include Bürger ("town dweller") or Bürgermeister ("town master" or "mayor"). The river name Günz is ultimately derived from the Indo-European root *gheu-, meaning "to pour". Thus, Günzburg refers to a "fortified town by the river Günz".
People named Gunzburg or variant spellings
- Aryeh Leib ben Asher Gunzberg (c.1695-1785), rabbi.
- Baron Joseph Günzburg, (1812–1878) Russian-Jewish banker, philanthropist and communal leader
- Baron Horace Günzburg, (1833–1909) Russian-Jewish banker, philanthropist and communal leader
- Baron David Günzburg, (1857–1910) Russian orientalist and Jewish communal leader
- Baron Nicolas de Gunzburg, (1904–1981) socialite, editor, actor, producer
- Nico Gunzburg, (1882–1984) Belgian lawyer and criminologist
- Isidor Gunsberg, (1854–1930), Hungarian-born British challenger for the World Chess Championship
- Milton Gunzburg, (1910–1991) American screenwriter and inventor
- Leone Ginzburg, (1909–1944) Russian-born Italian journalist and activist
- Natalia Ginzburg, (1916–1991) Italian author
- Carlo Ginzburg, (1939–) Italian historian
- Serge Gainsbourg, né Lucien Ginsburg, (1928–1991) French singer, songwriter, pianist, film composer, poet, painter, screenwriter, writer, actor and director
- Duden, Geographische Namen in Deutschland. - Mannheim, 1999. - p. 134
- Duden, Geographische Namen in Deutschland. - Mannheim, 1999. - p. 130
- Eisenstadt-Wiener, Da‘at (Czech: Qedošim), pp. 198–212, St. Petersburg, 1897–98;
- Belinsohn, Shillume Emune Yisrael, Odessa, 1898;
- Belinsohn, Ein Wort über die Familie Guenzburg, St. Petersburg, 1858. The chief source is Maggid's work, quoted above.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Günzburg". Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
- Gunzberg's test, a chemical test
- Ginsberg/Ginsburg (most common variants in the USA)
- Günsberg, municipality in the district of Lebern, canton of Solothurn, Switzerland
- Balm bei Günsberg, municipality in the district of Lebern, canton of Solothurn, Switzerland
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