Gürpınar, Van

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Gürpınar (District), Van)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Gürpınar
Hayots Dzor / Հայոց Ձոր
Gürpınar is located in Turkey
Gürpınar
Gürpınar
Coordinates: 38°19′37″N 43°24′48″E / 38.32694°N 43.41333°E / 38.32694; 43.41333Coordinates: 38°19′37″N 43°24′48″E / 38.32694°N 43.41333°E / 38.32694; 43.41333
CountryTurkey
ProvinceVan
Government
 • MayorHayrullah Tanış (AKP)
 • KaymakamFatih Sayar
Area
 • District4,130.30 km2 (1,594.72 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
5,780
 • District
39,238
 • District density9.5/km2 (25/sq mi)
Post code
65900
Websitewww.van-gurpinar.bel.tr

Gürpınar (Kurdish: Payizawa/Xawesor,[3] Armenian: Հայոց Ձոր, romanizedHayots' Dzor) is a village and district of Van Province in Turkey. The administrative center is located 20 km (12 mi) south of the provincial capital Van. With an area of 4,700 km2, Gürpınar is the largest district of Turkey. It has 79 villages and several places of historical interest. Much of the residents of this area speak Kurmanji, the most commonly spoken dialect of the Kurdish language. The current mayor is Hayrullah Tanış from the Justice and Development Party (AKP).[4] The current kaymakam Fatih Sayar was appointed in August 2019.[5]

Name[edit]

The area's old Armenian name is Hayots Dzor (Armenian: Հայոց Ձոր, meaning "Valley of the Armenians"). Its Kurdish name is Payizava; however, the Armenian-derived Xawesor is also used. The titular village of Gürpınar itself was also known to Armenians as Kghzi (Armenian: Կղզի, meaning "island", due to it being surrounded by the Shamiram Canal).[6]

History[edit]

In Armenian mythology, Hayots Dzor is the valley where the Armenian progenitor Hayk defeated the army of the invading Babylonian king Bel and constructed a fortress (Haykaberd) nearby.

In the Middle Ages, the area was a part of the Armenian kingdom of Vaspurakan, ruled by the Artsruni dynasty of Armenian kings.

The village of Kghzi had 241 Armenian and 11 Kurdish inhabitants in 1909 (the wider region of Hayots Dzor was home to about 10,000 Armenians before the Armenian genocide).[6] The Armenian population was massacred or displaced during the Armenian genocide; some of the inhabitants managed to flee and settle in Eastern Armenia.[6]

Historical places[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ Adem Avcıkıran (2009). Kürtçe Anamnez Anamneza bi Kurmancî (PDF) (in Turkish and Kurdish). p. 57. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  4. ^ "Van Gürpınar Seçim Sonuçları - 31 Mart Van Gürpınar Yerel Seçim Sonuçları". secim.haberler.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 2020-05-19.
  5. ^ "Gürpınar Kaymakamı Fatih Sayar". www.gurpinar.gov.tr. Retrieved 2020-05-19.
  6. ^ a b c Hakobyan, Tadevos Kh.; Melik-Bakhshyan, Stepan T.; Barseghyan, Hovhannes Kh. (1991). Հայաստանի և հարակից շրջանների տեղանունների բառարան [Dictionary of toponymy of Armenia and adjacent territories] (in Armenian). Vol. 3. Yerevan: Yerevan State University Publishing House. p. 158.

External links[edit]