Güzelyurt

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Güzelyurt
District
Guzelyurt.jpg
Location of Güzelyurt within Turkey.
Location of Güzelyurt within Turkey.
Coordinates: 38°17′N 34°22′E / 38.283°N 34.367°E / 38.283; 34.367
Country Turkey
RegionCentral Anatolia
ProvinceAksaray
Government
 • GovernorRamazan Yıldırım
 • MayorKudret Özeş (AKP)
Area
 • District322.25 km2 (124.42 sq mi)
Elevation
1,485 m (4,872 ft)
Population
(2012)[2]
 • Urban
2,672
 • District
12,527
 • District density39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
68xxx
Area code(s)0382
Licence plate68
Websitewww.guzelyurt.gov.tr

Güzelyurt, formerly Gelveri, is a town and district of Aksaray Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey, at a distance of 45 km (28 mi) from the city of Aksaray. According to 2000 census, population of the district is 16,836 of which 3,775 live in the town of Güzelyurt.[3][4] The district covers an area of 322 km2 (124 sq mi),[5] and the average elevation is 1,485 m (4,872 ft).

This area is part of the ancient region of Cappadocia, near the Ihlara Valley.

History[edit]

Cappadocia has an important place in the history of Christianity and Gregory of Nazianzus lived in the area. A historically large Greek population existed in the area until the 1924 population exchange (see Cappadocian Greeks), when they were replaced with the Turks from Thessaloniki and Kavala.

Places of interest[edit]

Güzelyurt is known for having three underground cities and over 50 churches carved into the rocky volcanic landscape including:

  • Ihlara Valley
  • Monastery Valley, "Manastır Vadisi"
  • Fairy Chimneys, "Peri Bacaları"
  • Antique Greek houses
  • Ahmatlı Church
  • St. Anargiros Church, "Sivişli Kilise"
  • Koç Church
  • Cathedral of Selime
  • The rock monastery of Selime, one of the largest religious buildings in Cappadocia.
  • Red Church, "Kızıl Kilise" - a 5th or 6th century church in the village of Sivrihisar
  • Analipsis Church, "Yüksek Kilise" (High Church) on the hill of Analipsis. Stone age relics have been found nearby.
  • St. Gregorius Church, "Kilise Cami" - another rock-hewn church, in use today as a mosque
  • St. Spyridon Church, "Kızıl Kilise" - another red church in the vicinity of Güzelyurt.

Other places of interest include:

  • The tomb of Selime Sultan in the village of Selime.
  • Linseed House, "Bezirhane" in the village of Belisırma.
  • Ziga thermal springs, "Ziga kaplıcaları" is located in the village of Yaprakhisar very close to Ihlara Valley.
  • An underground city is situated in Gaziemir village of Güzelyurt.[6]

Image gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute. "Census 2000, Key statistics for urban areas of Turkey" (XLS) (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-04-02.
  4. ^ GeoHive. "Statistical information on Turkey's administrative units". Retrieved 2008-04-02.
  5. ^ Statoids. "Statistical information on districts of Turkey". Retrieved 2008-04-21.
  6. ^ Governorship of Aksaray, Turkey. "Underground cities in Aksaray". Archived from the original on March 7, 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-02.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°16′38″N 34°22′19″E / 38.27722°N 34.37194°E / 38.27722; 34.37194