G-sharp minor

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
G minor
Relative key B major
Parallel key G major
enharmonic: A major
Dominant key D minor
Subdominant C minor
Enharmonic A minor
Component pitches
G, A, B, C, D, E, F, G
G-sharp natural minor scale ascending and descending. About this sound Play 
G-sharp harmonic minor scale ascending and descending. About this sound Play 
G-sharp melodic minor scale ascending and descending. About this sound Play 

G-sharp minor is a minor scale based on G, consisting of the pitches G, A, B, C, D, E, and F. For the harmonic minor, the F is raised to Fdouble sharp. Its key signature has five sharps.

Its relative major is B major, and its parallel major is G-sharp major, usually replaced by A-flat major, its enharmonic equivalent, since G-sharp major has 8 sharps including 1 double-sharp & A-flat major only has 4 flats, making G-sharp major be a rare name to use in music. Changes needed for the melodic and harmonic versions of the scale are written in with accidentals as necessary.

Few symphonies are written in G minor; among them are Nikolai Myaskovsky's 17th Symphony, Christopher Schlegel's 5th Symphony, and an abandoned work of juvenilia by Marc Blitzstein.

The main theme of the Academy Award-winning score for the film Gravity, as well as the pop songs "New York" by Paloma Faith and "Poker Face" by Lady Gaga, were written in G-sharp minor.[1][2]

Despite the key rarely being used in orchestral music other than to modulate, it is not entirely uncommon in keyboard music, as in the sonatas of Alexander Scriabin. For orchestration of piano music, some theorists recommend transposing the music to G minor or A minor. If G-sharp minor is used, composers generally write B-flat wind instruments in the enharmonic B-flat minor, rather than A-sharp minor to facilitate reading the music.

In a few scores, the sharp A in the bass clef is written on the top line.



  1. ^ "Paloma Faith: "New York", Sheet music". sheetmusicdirect.com. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Lady Gaga: "Poker Face", Sheet music". musicnotes.com. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 


  • A. Morris, "Symphonies, Numbers and Keys" in Bob's Poetry Magazine, III.3, 2006.

External links[edit]