G-sharp minor

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G minor
Relative key B major
Parallel key G major
enharmonic: A major
Dominant key D minor
enharmonic: E minor
Subdominant C minor
Component pitches
G, A, B, C, D, E, F, G
G-sharp natural minor scale ascending and descending. About this sound Play 
G-sharp harmonic minor scale ascending and descending. About this sound Play 
G-sharp melodic minor scale ascending and descending. About this sound Play 

G-sharp minor is a minor scale based on G, consisting of the pitches G, A, B, C, D, E, and F. For the harmonic minor, the F is raised to Fdouble sharp. Its key signature has five sharps.

Its relative major is B major. Its parallel major, G♯ major, usually replaced by A♭ major, its enharmonic equivalent, since G major features an Fdouble sharp in the key signature and A♭ major only has four flats, making it rare for G♯ major to be used. A♭ minor, with seven flats, has a similar problem, thus G minor is often used as the parallel minor for A major.

Despite the key rarely being used in orchestral music other than to modulate, it is not entirely uncommon in keyboard music, as in the sonatas of Alexander Scriabin. For orchestration of piano music, some theorists recommend transposing the music to G minor or A minor. If G-sharp minor is used, composers generally write B-flat wind instruments in the enharmonic B-flat minor, rather than A-sharp minor to facilitate reading the music.

In a few scores, the sharp A in the bass clef is written on the top line.

Classical music in this key[edit]

Few symphonies are written in G minor; among them are Nikolai Myaskovsky's 17th Symphony, Christopher Schlegel's 5th Symphony and an abandoned work of juvenilia by Marc Blitzstein. Johann Sebastian Bach's The Well-Tempered Clavier No. 18: Prelude and Fugue in G-sharp minor, Books 1 (1722) and 2 (1744),[1] are among the works in this key.



  1. ^ Albert Schweitzer, (1935). J. S. Bach. Volume 1. New York: Macmillan Publishers.


  • A. Morris, "Symphonies, Numbers and Keys" in Bob's Poetry Magazine, III.3, 2006.

Scales and Keys[edit]

External links[edit]