G. Patrick Maxwell

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G. Patrick Maxwell is a plastic surgeon and an assistant clinical professor of surgery at Vanderbilt University, based in Nashville, Tennessee, USA.

Maxwell is a graduate of the Vanderbilt University Medical School, and trained in general and then plastic surgery at the Johns Hopkins Medical Center in Baltimore, Maryland. He also completed a fellowship in microsurgery at the University of California, San Francisco, with the microsurgical pioneer, Harry J. Buncke, and in hand surgery at the Curtis Hand Center in Baltimore.

Maxwell was the surgeon and co-author of the first successful report of microsurgical transfer of the latissimus muscle flap,[1] at Johns Hopkins University in the late 1970s. In the early 1980s, he relocated to Nashville, where he founded the Nashville Plastic Surgery Institute and established a fellowship training program in breast and cosmetic surgery.

Maxwell is credited with a significant advancement in the design of tissue expanders used for breast reconstruction by co-developing textured surfaces[2][3] (to decrease capsular contracture) and helping to introduce prostheses which more closely resemble the shape and feel of the natural breast. The two-stage method of expander-implant reconstruction as described by Maxwell and Spears has become the most widely used technique for implant-based breast reconstruction.[4]

His work on concepts of matching implants and surgical techniques to individual soft-tissue characteristics in cosmetic and reconstructive breast surgery[5] led to a method called the "biodimensional approach" which advanced dimensional analysis[6][7] rather than volume when using breast implants and expanders.[8] In 2003, Maxwell helped found the Inamed Academy, a series of international educational symposia focusing on breast surgery.[9]

He has contributed a number of articles to the anatomic descriptions, clinical applications, and aesthetic refinements of the transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM)[10] and latissimus flap procedures[11] for breast reconstruction, and is an authority on silicone breast implants and ultrasonic liposuction technologies.[12]

Maxwell was also the co-founder of the Tennessee-Kentucky chapter of Operation Smile, past president of the Nashville Chapter of the American Cancer Society, a founder and board member of the Aspen Center for Integrative Medicine, and co-founder and Executive EVP Diversified Specialty Institute.

On April 17, 2007, Maxwell was recognized for his contributions to medicine by Representative Marsha Blackburn (Republican-Tennessee) through a resolution written into the US Congressional Record.[13]

Professional recognition[edit]

External links[edit]

Selected publications[edit]

  • McGhan BioDimensional Augmentation System Video: Raising the Standard of Care. Video by G. Patrick Maxwell, M.D. (70 min). M273-5/1991
  • Gorney M, Maxwell PG, Spear SL "Augmentation Mastopexy". Aesthetic Surgery Journal. May, 2005, vol 25, no 3, p 275-284
  • Maxwell GP. Review of "Immediate Breast Reconstruction Using Biodimensional Anatomical Permanent Expander Implants: A Prospective Analysis of Outcome and Patient Satisfaction". Gerald P. H. Gui, M.S., F.R.C.S., Su-Ming Tan, F.R.C.S.(Ed.), Eleni C. Faliakou, M.D., Christina Choy, F.R.A.C.S., Roger A'Hern, M.Sc., and Ann Ward, S.R.N., M.A. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. 111(1):139-140, January 2003
  • Hester TR Jr, Tebbetts JB, Maxwell GP. "The polyurethane-covered mammary prosthesis: facts and fiction (II): a look back and a 'peek' ahead." Clin Plast Surg. 2001 Jul;28(3):579-86. PMID 11471963
  • Maxwell GP, Clugston PA "Management of Complications Following Augmentation Mammaplasty". Plastic, Maxillofacial, and Reconstructive Surgery (3rd Edition). Georgeiade GS (editor). Williams & Wilkins. 2001
  • Handel N, Hayden BB, Jervis WH, Maxwell PG "Revisions in breast augmentation". Aesthetic Surgery Journal. March, 2000, vol 20, no 2, p 141-148
  • Maxwell G P "Breast asymmetry". Aesthetic Surgery Journal. November, 2001, vol 21, no 6, p 552-562
  • Clugston PA, Gingrass MK, Azurin D, Fisher J, Maxwell GP. "Ipsilateral pedicled TRAM flaps: the safer alternative?" Plast Reconstr Surg. 2000 Jan;105(1):77-82. PMID 10626973
  • Maxwell GP. "Use of hollow cannula technology in ultrasound-assisted lipoplasty." Clin Plast Surg. 1999 Apr;26(2):255-60; viii. Review. PMID 10327265
  • Maxwell GP. "Short Scar Periareolar Inferior Pedicle Reduction (SPAIR) Mammaplasty." Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. 103(3):902, March, 1999.
  • Calobrace MB and Maxwell, GP. "Large Volume Ultrasound Assisted Lipoplasty." Rohrich R, Kenkle J, and Beran S, eds. Ultrasound-Assisted Liposuction. St. Louis, Missouri, Quality Medical Publishing, 1998.
  • Ablaza VJ, Gingrass MK, Perry LC, Fisher J, Maxwell GP. "Tissue temperatures during ultrasound-assisted lipoplasty." Plast Reconstr Surg. 1998 Aug;102(2):534-42. PMID 9703095


  1. ^ Maxwell GP; Stueber, K; Hoopes, JE (September 1978). "A free latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap: case report". Plast Reconstr Surg. 62 (3): 462–466. doi:10.1097/00006534-197809000-00033. PMID 358230. 
  2. ^ US patent # 5,092,348 source:US Patent Office http://patft.uspto.gov/
  3. ^ Barone FE, Perry L, Keller T, Maxwell GP (July 1992). "The biomechanical and histopathologic effects of surface texturing with silicone and polyurethane in tissue implantation and expansion". Plast Reconstr Surg. 90 (1): 77–86. doi:10.1097/00006534-199207000-00012. PMID 1615095. 
  4. ^ Maxwell GP, Falcone PA (June 1992). "Eighty-four consecutive breast reconstructions using a textured silicone tissue expander". Plast Reconstr Surg. 89 (6): 1022–1034. doi:10.1097/00006534-199206000-00003. PMID 1584864. 
  5. ^ Maxwell GP and Spear SL "Two-Stage Breast Reconstruction Using the Biodimensional System." McGhan Medical Corp 1995
  6. ^ Hammond DC, Perry LC, Maxwell GP, Fisher J (August 1993). "Morphologic analysis of tissue-expander shape using a biomechanical model". Plast Reconstr Surg. 92 (2): 255–259. doi:10.1097/00006534-199308000-00009. PMID 8337275. 
  7. ^ Maxwell GP "Immediate Breast Reconstruction Using Biodimensional Anatomical Permanent Expander Implants: A Prospective Analysis of Outcome and Patient Satisfaction" (discussion) Plast Reconstr Surg. Jan 2003 111(1): 139-40
  8. ^ MCGhan Product Catalog pg. 17 http://www.medics.ch/images/products/plastic/mcghan.pdf
  9. ^ | Inamed Academy Faculty Bio Page http://www.inamedacademy.com/doctors/drmaxwell
  10. ^ Maxwell GP, Andochick SE (April 1994). "Secondary shaping of the TRAM flap". Clin Plast Surg. 21 (2): 247–53. PMID 8187418. 
  11. ^ Maxwell GP (April 1981). "Latissimus dorsi breast reconstruction: an aesthetic assessment". Clin Plast Surg. 8 (2): 373–87. PMID 7273637. 
  12. ^ Maxwell GP, Gingrass MK (January 1998). "Ultrasound-assisted lipoplasty: a clinical study of 250 consecutive patients". Plast Reconstr Surg. 101 (1): 189–202. doi:10.1097/00006534-199801000-00034. PMID 9427937. 
  13. ^ [1][dead link][dead link]
  14. ^ LOUISdb.org: Congressional Record: HONORING DR. PATRICK MAXWELL: published:[dead link][dead link]
  15. ^ Walter Scott Brown Award (Retrieved June 2006) Archived October 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ In Chul Song Award (Retrieved June 2006) Archived October 13, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ Bestdoctors.com Archived December 16, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ James Barret Brown Award recipients(Retrieved June 2006)