G. W. Scott Blair

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George William Scott Blair (1902–1987) was British chemist noted for his contributions to rheology. In fact he has been called "the first rheologist"[1]

Life[edit]

Scott Blair was born 23 July 1902, in Weybridge[2] and went to Winchester College.[3] He studied chemistry at Trinity College, Oxford receiving a BA in 1923.[4]

He began work as a colloid chemist, studying flour suspensions[2] which led to a series of papers on baker's dough.[3] In 1926 he joined the Rothamsted Experimental Station, where the focus was on soil science.[3] In 1928 he married Rita, a child psychologist, who survived him.[3][5]

In December 1929 Scott Blair attended (and chaired) the founding meeting of the Society of Rheology in Washington, D.C..[5] Chemist Eugene C. Bingham led the new society concerned with the problems of flow. [6] Scott Blair held a Rockefeller Fellowship at the time. In 1931 Markus Reiner visited Scott Blair in England beginning a long friendship.[5]

In 1936 he submitted his PhD thesis to the University of London.[5]

In 1940, along with Vernon Harrison, he founded the British Rheologists' Club, later to become the British Society of Rheology http://bsr.org.uk. [7]

In 1937 he became Head of the Chemistry Department (and later headed the Physics Department as well) at the National Institute for Research in Dairying, at Shinfield near Reading until his retirement in 1967.[3][5] He died in 1987, at Iffley, Oxfordshire.

Work[edit]

His contribution to food science was celebrated in a special edition of the Journal of Texture Studies[8] He also initiated what he called psycho-rheology: the effect of food texture on the consumer.[3][9] However he promoted and was a major contributor to the study of the rheological effects in blood flow to the genitalia, as well as biological systems in general. The journal Biorheology, which he co-founded, published an obituary.[10] His contribution to medical science was recognised in his obituary in the journal Thrombosis Research.[11]

Some publications[edit]

  • G. W. Scott Blair (1938) An Introduction to Industrial Rheology (Churchill, London)
  • G. W. Scott Blair (1949) A Survey of General and Applied Rheology (Pitman, London)
  • G. W. Scott Blair (1950) Measurements of Mind and Matter (Dobson, London)
  • G. W. Scott Blair (1953) Foodstuffs : their plasticity, fluidity and consistency (Amsterdam)
  • G. W. Scott Blair & M. Reiner (1957) Agricultural Rheology (Routledge & Kegan Paul, London)
  • G. W. Scott Blair (1969) Elementary Rheology (Academic Press, London)
  • G. W. Scott Blair (1974) An Introduction to Biorheology (Elsevier, Oxford)

References[edit]

  1. ^ D. Doraiswamy (2002) Rheology Bulletin vol 71, no 1. "Origins of Rheology: a short historical excursion"
  2. ^ a b The Scott Blair Collection
  3. ^ a b c d e f P. Sherman (1988) Rheologica Acta, vol 27, no 1 pp 1-2 Obituary
  4. ^ The Times, October 19, 1923, p 15 "University News: Degrees at Oxford"
  5. ^ a b c d e Howard Barnes (2002) Rheology Bulletin vol 45 no 1, pp 5-11 (British Society of Rheology)
  6. ^ G.W. Scott Blair (1975) "Professor Markus Reiner — A Biographical Sketch", page 3 in Contributions to Mechanics: Markus Reiner Eightieth Anniversary Volume, David Abir, editor, Oxford, Pergamon Press
  7. ^ "BSR Archives". 
  8. ^ Journal of Texture Studies (1973) Volume 4 Issue 1
  9. ^ G. W. Scott Blair (1950) Measurements of Mind and Matter (Dobson, London)
  10. ^ A. L. Copley(1988) Biorheology, vol 25, no 3, pp. 407-427 "In memoriam: George William Scott Blair. 1926-87"
  11. ^ A. L. Copley (1988) Thrombosis Research vol 51, no 4 pp339-53 George William Scott Blair 1902-1987

External links[edit]