Heckler & Koch G36
|Heckler & Koch G36|
The H&K G36 rifle
Light machine gun
Squad automatic weapon
|Place of origin||Germany|
|Used by||40+ countries (see Users)|
|Designer||Heckler & Koch|
|Manufacturer||Heckler & Koch|
Santa Bárbara Sistemas
Military Industries Corporation
|Mass||G36: 3.63 kg (8.00 lb)|
G36V: 3.33 kg (7.3 lb)
G36K: 3.30 kg (7.3 lb)
G36KV: 3.0 kg (6.6 lb)
G36C: 2.82 kg (6.2 lb)
MG36: 3.83 kg (8.4 lb)
MG36E: 3.50 kg (7.7 lb)
|Length||G36, G36V, MG36, MG36E: 999 mm (39.3 in) stock extended / 758 mm (29.8 in) stock folded|
G36K, G36KV: 860 mm (33.9 in) stock extended / 615 mm (24.2 in) stock folded
G36C: 720 mm (28.3 in) stock extended / 500 mm (19.7 in) stock folded
|Barrel length||G36, G36V, MG36, MG36E: 480 mm (18.9 in)|
G36K, G36KV: 318 mm (12.5 in)
G36C: 228 mm (9.0 in)
|Width||64 mm (2.5 in)|
|Height||G36, G36K, MG36: 320 mm (12.6 in)|
G36V, G36KV, MG36E: 285 mm (11.2 in)
G36C: 278 mm (10.9 in)
|Action||Short-stroke piston, rotating bolt|
|Rate of fire||750 rounds/min cyclic|
|Muzzle velocity||G36, G36V, MG36, MG36E: 920 m/s (3,018 ft/s)|
G36K, G36KV: 850 m/s (2,788.7 ft/s)
G36C, G36CV: 722 m/s (2,368.8 ft/s)
|Effective firing range||G36, G36V, MG36, MG36E: 800 metres (870 yd)|
G36K, G36KV: 400 metres (440 yd)
G36C, G36CV: 200 metres (220 yd)
|Maximum firing range||2,860 metres (3,130 yd)|
|Feed system||30-round detachable box magazine or 100-round C-Mag drum magazine|
|Sights||Reflex sight with 1× magnification, telescopic sight with 3× magnification (export version has a 1.5× magnified sight) and back-up fixed notch sight|
The G36 is a 5.56×45mm assault rifle, designed in the early 1990s by Heckler & Koch in Germany as a replacement for the heavier 7.62mm G3 battle rifle. It was accepted into service with the Bundeswehr in 1997, replacing the G3. The G36 is gas-operated and feeds from a 30-round detachable box magazine or 100-round C-Mag drum magazine.
- 1 History
- 2 Design details
- 3 Variants
- 4 Users
- 5 Gallery
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Work on a successor for the venerable G3 rifle had been ongoing in Germany since the second half of the 1970s. These efforts resulted in the innovative 4.73mm G11 assault rifle (developed jointly by a group of companies led by H&K), that used caseless ammunition (designed by the Dynamit Nobel company). It had been predicted that this weapon would eventually replace the G3, therefore further development of H&K's series of firearms chambered for the 5.56×45mm NATO cartridge had been halted. Heckler & Koch, having no incentive to pursue a new 5.56 mm weapon system, was content with the export-oriented HK33 and G41 rifles. However, the G11 program came to an abrupt end when the Bundeswehr cancelled its procurement due to defence budget cuts after the unification of East and West Germany and H&K was acquired in 1991 by British Aerospace's Royal Ordnance division (known today as BAE Systems).
Increasing interest in Germany for a modern service rifle chambered for the NATO-standard 5.56 mm cartridge led H&K to offer the German armed forces the G41 rifle, which, too, was rejected. Design work was then initiated from the ground up on a modern 5.56 mm assault rifle designated "Project 50" or HK50. The prototype was then trialed, where it was rated higher than the rival Austrian Steyr AUG system. The final version of the G36 was completed in 1995. Production of the G36 began in 1996.
On 22 April 2015, the German Minister of Defence announced that the G36 would be phased out of the German army due to concerns about overheating.
The HK50 rifle was selected for service and an initial order was placed for 33,000 rifles under the Bundeswehr designation Gewehr G36. The order also involved an option for a further 17,000 rifles. Deliveries were first made to the Bundeswehr's NATO Quick Reaction Force during the fourth quarter of 1997. The G36's production line began in early 1996.
In July 1998, it was announced that the G36 had been selected as the standard rifle for the Spanish Armed Forces, replacing the 5.56 mm CETME Model L and LC rifles. Deliveries first took place at the end of 1999. These rifles are manufactured in Spain under license by General Dynamics Santa Bárbara Sistemas at the FACOR (Fábrica de Armas de la Coruña) facility, in Coruña, Galicia.
In addition, the rifle has been licensed for local production in Saudi Arabia. The manufacturer in the country is the Military Industries Corporation. Technology transfer was granted by Germany to Saudi Arabia on 30 June 2008 The first Saudi-made G36 was produced at MIC's factory on 30 June 2009. However, some components of their own G36s are supplied by Heckler & Koch.
The G36 is a selective-fire 5.56 mm assault rifle, firing from a closed rotary bolt. The G36 has a conventional layout and a modular component design. Common to all variants of the G36 family are: the receiver and buttstock assembly, bolt carrier group with bolt and the return mechanism and guide rod. The receiver contains the barrel, carry handle with integrated sights, trigger group with pistol grip, handguard and magazine socket.
The G36 employs a free-floating barrel (the barrel does not contact the handguard). The barrel is fastened to the receiver with a special nut, which can be removed with a wrench. The barrel is produced using a cold hammer forging process and features a chrome-lined bore with 6 right-hand grooves and a 1 in 178 mm (1:7 in) rifling twist rate. The barrel assembly consists of the gas block, a collar with a bayonet lug that is also used to launch rifle grenades and a slotted flash suppressor.
The weapon can be stripped and re-assembled without tools through a system of cross-pins similar to that used on earlier HK designs. For cleaning purposes, the G36 dismantles into the following groups: receiver housing, return mechanism, bolt carrier group and trigger group.
The fire and safety selector is ambidextrous and has controls on both sides of the receiver which took upon the design of the original G3 selector. Selector settings are described with letters: "S"—safe ("Sicher"), "E"—semi-automatic fire ("Einzelfeuer") and "F"—continuous fire ("Feuerstoß"). HK also offers several other trigger options, including the so-called Navy trigger group, with settings analogous to the standard trigger, but the selector positions have been illustrated with pictograms. A semi-automatic only trigger unit (lacks the "F" setting) is also available.
In the box magazine is room for 30 cartridges staggered (or double-stacked) on top of one another. The magazines are molded with shock resistant plastic, and are translucent allowing the user to see the ammunition. On the sides are studs which allow the magazines to be attached next to each other, this way the operator can reload more easily. An empty G36 magazine weighs 127 grams (4.5 oz) and filled with 30 rounds 483 grams (17.0 oz). STANAG magazines cannot be normally used, but the G36 can use an adapter that will accept the STANAG. Certain types of Beta C-Mags can also be used and are employed with the MG36 support variant.
The stock too is multifunctional; it has the ability to fold to one side, shortening the overall length of the weapon for use in tight areas or vehicles. The rifle can also still fire with the stock collapsed. Also, it incorporates holes where assembly pins can be placed during weapon cleaning and maintenance.
The G36 employs a large number of lightweight, corrosion-resistant synthetic materials in its design; the receiver housing, stock, trigger group (including the fire control selector and firing mechanism parts), magazine well, handguard and carry handle are all made of a carbon fiber-reinforced polyamide. The receiver has an integrated steel barrel trunnion (with locking recesses) and a nylon 66 steel reinforced receiver.
The standard German Army versions of the G36 are equipped with a ZF 3×4° dual optical sight that combines a 3× magnified telescopic sight (with the main reticle designed for firing at 200 m and bullet drop compensation markings for: 200, 400, 600 and 800 m crosshairs and a range-finding scale) and an unmagnified reflex sight (calibrated for firing at 100 m) mounted on top of the telescopic sight. The reflex sight is illuminated by ambient light during the day and uses battery powered illumination for use at night. Electric illumination is activated automatically by a built in photo sensor and can be manually activated to boost the brightness of the reticle in daytime low contrast situations.
The export versions have a single telescopic sight with a 1.5× magnification and an aiming reticle fixed at 300 m. All rifles are adapted to use the Hensoldt NSA 80 third-generation night sight, which clamps into the G36 carry handle adapter in front of the optical sight housing and mates with the rifle's standard optical sight. The sighting bridge also functions as a carrying handle and features auxiliary open sights molded on top of the handle that consist of a forward blade and rear notch, but these can only be used with the reflex sight removed, as in the G36V. The optical sight system is produced by Hensoldt AG (a subsidiary of Carl Zeiss AG).
The G36 uses a short-stroke piston system from which HK later developed the HK-416's impingement system. Unlike direct impingement, this system takes gas trailing the bullet to operate a piston instead of pushing directly on the bolt. The G36's bolt is operated by a cam that guides the bolt carrier by its respective cutout. Then when fully pushed forward 7 radial locking lugs fully enclose the chamber.
HK included several design features that are essential in modern military firearms. For example, the bolt locks back after the last round is spent (this can be deactivated), and at the front end of the trigger guard there is a bolt catch button. The cocking handle can be switched from either end, folds in, and unfolds from a spring so the shooter need not unfold it by hand before firing. Another feature of it is that it doubles as the forward assist, which is used in the instance that the spent cartridge is ejected but the next round does not properly feed. In addition, the ejection port has a brass deflector to mitigate the amount of casings that may strike the face of left-handed operators. Instead of a dust cover which has the need to be flipped back up when the gun isn't in use, the bolt acts as the seal from dirt.
Standard equipment supplied with the G36 includes: spare magazines, a cleaning and maintenance kit, sling, speed-loading device and sometimes modified AKM type II blade bayonets (many of which are left over in Germany from stocks of the former National People's Army).
In April 2012, reports surfaced that G36 rifles used in Afghanistan would overheat during prolonged firefights after several hundred rounds were fired. Overheating affected the accuracy of the G36, making it difficult to hit targets past 100 meters, ineffective past 200 meters, and incapable of effective fire past 300 meters. The G36 has been called unsuitable for long battles. H&K said the rifle was not designed for sustained, continuous fire. German soldiers gave no negative feedback. Operational commanders advised allowing the weapon to cool between periods of rapid shooting.  
In February 2014, the German Federal Ministry of Defence announced that the overheating deficiencies of the G36 were not a result of weapon design, but of the ammunition. A report by the Bundeswehr on 21 February 2014, revealed that the issues were not the fault of the rifle, but that one manufacturer of ammunition was making bullets with copper plated jackets that were too thin. [better source needed] The manufacturer of the ammunition confirmed this, although experts disagreed, and also said the accuracy problems were already known to the defence ministry by 2010.
On 22 June 2014, it was reported that Germany's defense ministry had temporarily halted new orders worth €34 million ($45 million) over accuracy concerns for the rifle. The Bundeswehr consulted the Fraunhofer Institute for High-Speed Dynamics (Ernst Mach Institut) and the Federal Criminal Police Office. On 30 March 2015, Minister of Defence Ursula von der Leyen told the Associated Press that the weight-saving design is the root of the issues. This is based on a letter from Inspector General Volker Wieker advising the Stewards of Defence and Budget Committee of the Bundestag and the troops in advance of publication of the report.  The report was released by the Fraunhofer Ernst Mach Institut (EMI) and Wehrtechnische Dienststelle 91 (WTD91) on 19 April 2015. According to their 372-page report, the observed hit rate of the predominantly plastic weapon with the unsupported free-floating barrel drops down to a mere 7% at 100 meters when the temperature increases by 30 °C (86 °F) or more, whereas the Bundeswehr required a hit rate of 90% at that distance. 
On 22 April 2015, the German Minister of Defence announced that the G36 would be phased out of the German army due to these concerns. Defense Minister von der Leyen considers the weapon to be useless. She stated that the German military will stop using a plastic assault rifle that cannot shoot straight when temperatures increase by 30 °C (86 °F) or the rifle heats up during a firefight.
In 2016, the German Defence Ministry lost its lawsuit filed against Heckler & Koch on the ministry's claim for compensation or warranty work on the subpar G36 rifles, because the Bundeswehr did not make its specifications for the weapon clear enough in the beginning of the procurement process. The District Court of Koblenz rejected claims from the Bundeswehr procurement office, and ruled that weapon manufacturer Heckler & Koch did not have to pay damages on the 167,000 rifles still in use out of more than 176,000 G36 rifles Germany had originally purchased.
- G36V (V—Variante "variant"): Previously known as the G36E (E—Export), it is the export version of the standard G36. The G36V has all of the characteristics of the standard rifle with the exception of the sight setup and bayonet mount. It is fitted with a x1.5 or x3 sight and lacks the integrated reflector sight; the bayonet mount is a standard NATO type. This version was first produced for Spain and Latvia.
- MG36 (MG—Maschinengewehr "machine gun"): Squad automatic weapon version of the G36 equipped with a heavier barrel for increased heat and cook-off resistance. The MG36 and MG36E are no longer offered by H&K.
- G36K (K—kurz "short"): carbine variant with a shorter barrel (fitted with an open-type flash suppressor) and a shorter forend, which includes a bottom rail that can be used to attach tactical accessories, such as a UTL flashlight from the USP pistol. The carbine's barrel lacks the ability to launch rifle grenades and it will not support a bayonet. The weapon retained the ability to be used with the AG36 grenade launcher. G36Ks in service with German special forces are issued with a 100-round C-Mag drum. There are two variants of the G36K. The first and most commonly known has x3 scope/carry handle attached to the top, while the second is equipped with iron sights and a rail (no scope included).
- G36KV (formerly G36KE): export version of carbine variant G36K, with sights like G36V.
- G36C (C="Compact", commonly mistaken for "Commando", a term trademarked by Colt Firearms for the CAR-15): This subcarbine model is a further development of the G36K. It has a shorter barrel than the G36K, and a four-prong open-type flash hider or a birdcage type flash hider. The extremely short barrel forced designers to move the gas block closer to the muzzle end and reduce the length of the gas piston operating rod. The handguard and stock were also shortened and the fixed carry handle (with optics) was replaced with a carrying handle with an integrated MIL-STD-1913 Picatinny rail. The dual optical sight found on the standard G36 and G36K models was replaced with a set of rail-mounted detachable iron sights that consist of a semi-shrouded front post and a flip-up rear sight with two apertures of different diameter. The short handguard has four accessory attachment points, one of which could be used for a vertical grip. The G36C was developed and produced in January 2001.
- G36A2: This is an ordnance designation allocated to an upgraded variant of the G36 used by the German Army. The G36A2 is equipped with a quick-detachable Zeiss RSA reflex red dot sight mounted on a Picatinny rail that replaces the original red dot sight of the dual combat sighting system. The G36A2 upgrade kit also consists of the shorter G36C stock (Designed for better handling with use of body armor and load bearing equipment), new handguard made of aluminium (provides better heat resistance during long periods of firing) with an optional 4 Picatinny rails and a vertical foregrip with an integrated switch for operating an Oerlikon Contraves LLM01 laser light module.
Based on the G36, Heckler & Koch also created the semi-automatic SL8 rifle and the straight-pull, bolt-action R8, which are offered to the civilian sport shooting markets. The SL8 is substantially different from the G36, it has a modified receiver and a thumbhole stock with a cheek rest, which is integral with the trigger group. The SL8 has a heavy profile, extended, 510 mm (20.1 in) barrel that does not have a flash hider or bayonet lug. The rifle uses a 10-round single-stack magazine and an extended top rail used to mount a wide variety of Picatinny-standard optics. Mounted to the rail are a set of iron sights with a hooded foresight and adjustable flip rear aperture. The SL8 can also mount the G36 carry handle and integrated sight assembly, after removing the mechanical iron sights. The SL8 has an unloaded weight of 4.3 kg, overall length of 980–1030 mm and a trigger rated at 20 N (4.5 lbf).
In November 2013, Heckler & Koch applied for permission from the German Government to sell a new civilian-legal version of the G36. Called the HK243 in Europe and the HK293 in America, it is more similar to the G36 assault rifle than previous civilian models. The main difference is the bolt is redesigned to not allow a conversion to fully automatic fire. It has quad picatinny rails and accepts STANAG magazines. Four different barrel lengths from 230 mm (9.1 in) to 480 mm (19 in) and four stock models (short fixed, long fixed and two adjustable) will be offered.
A Spanish naval boarding team member with a G36E
Spanish special forces (UOE) operatives on exercise
A U.S. soldier of the 1st Aviation Regiment holding a G36
- AN-94 Abakan
- Heckler & Koch HK416
- Heckler & Koch SL8
- Beretta ARX-160
- FX-05 Xiuhcoatl
- XM8 rifle
- M27 IAR
- Heckler & Koch G3
- Abbruzzino, Francesco (14 November 2016). "Footage from Bashiqa as Peshmerga engage ISIS up close and personal". The Uncensored Report – via YouTube.
- "Paris police armed with assault rifles in wake of November terror attacks". The Guardian. London. 29 February 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-10-21. Retrieved 2016-10-17.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Штурмовая винтовка G-36 не попадает в цель | ИноСМИ - Все, что достойно перевода
- "Modern Firearms - HK G36". World.guns.ru. Archived from the original on 2010-09-02. Retrieved 2012-12-15.
- Woźniak, Ryszard. Encyklopedia najnowszej broni palnej – tom 2 G-Ł. Bellona. 2001. pp17-21.
- "Spanish Army". Ejercito.mde.es. 1 December 2001. Archived from the original on 3 January 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
- "Arms manufacturer investigates how Gadhafi got German rifles". Deutsche Welle. April 9, 2011.
- "G36 Automatic Rifle Cal 5.56X45 mm". En.mic.org.sa. Archived from the original on November 30, 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
- Otfried Nassauer (January 2012). "Up for a new era? – German arms trade with the MENA region". Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- "His Royal Highness Crown Prince Receives a G36 Rifle produced by MIC" (PDF). Saudi Press Agency. June 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
- US5513461A - Light-weight automatic rifle. Google.com. Retrieved 2015-7-15.
- "Buy this domain. Dead cite". rk-gammertingen.de.
- "Zeiss NSA 80 night sight module datasheet" (PDF).
- "Patent US5821445 - Loading lever assembly for hand-operated firearms - Google Patents". Google.com. Retrieved 2012-12-15.
- ‹See Tfd›US 5821445, ‹See Tfd›Guhring, Manfred, "Loading lever assembly for hand-operated firearms", issued 1996-10-13
- Deutsches Sturmgewehr versagt bei langem Gefecht - Welt.de, 1 April 2012
- Deutsches Sturmgewehr für langen Kampf untauglich - Welt.de, 25 April 2012
- Heckler & Koch Responds to Allegation that the G36 Rifle is Unfit for Service - Guns.com, 9 May 2012
- H&K G36 Rifle Not Faulty: Bad Ammunition Caused Poor Accuracy - TheFirearmBlog.com, 30 June 2014
- HECKLER & KOCH G36 Wärmeproblematik geklärt Magazines CALIBER 4/14 and VISIER
- Sturmgewehr G36: Mangel-Munition soll Probleme verursacht haben - Spiegel.de, 17 February 2014
- "Bundeswehr: Rechnungshof wirft Wehrressort jahrelange Vertuschung bei G36-Gewehr vor". www.spiegel.de (in German). Der Spiegel. April 22, 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2014.
- "Report: Germany Halts Army Rifle Orders Over Accuracy Fears". www.defensenews.com. DefenseNews. June 22, 2014. Retrieved 28 June 2014.
- Max Slowik (March 31, 2015). "German Bundeswehr confirms G36 issues". Guns.com. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
- Nathaniel F (April 3, 2015). "The G36 Controversy Intensifies". TheFirearmBlog.com. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
- "Präzisionsprobleme beim G36Zu ungenau: Bundeswehr will das Sturmgewehr wechseln" (in German). FOCUS online. March 31, 2015. Retrieved 10 April 2015.
- "Heckler & Koch zweifelt G36-Untersuchung an" (in German). FOCUS online. April 22, 2015. Retrieved May 3, 2015.
- "Heckler & Koch Fires Back At G36 Audit Report". TheFirearmBlog.com. April 22, 2015. Retrieved May 3, 2015.
- "Sturmgewehr G36 hat in der Bundeswehr keine Zukunft (Sturmgewehr G36 has no future in the Bundeswehr)" (in German). faz.net Politik. April 22, 2015. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- "Germany says military will stop using gun 'that can't shoot straight when hot'". PopularMilitary.com. April 24, 2015. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
- Andy Wolf (September 3, 2016). "German military loses lawsuit to H&K over faulty rifles that don't shoot straight". PopularMilitary.com.
- "Heckler & Koch wins process around Sturmgewehr G36" (in German). Zeit Online. September 2, 2016. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
- "Zeiss RSA-S Reflex Sight". zeiss.com.
- "Heckler & Koch :: Home". heckler-koch.de.
- Heckler & Koch HK243 and HK293 (Civilian G36) - Thefirearmblog.com, 25 November 2013
- "AusTender: Contract Notice View - CN53453". www.tenders.gov.au.
-  Archived September 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- Bijzonder Bijstandsteam (Dutch) Archived 2008-12-06 at the Wayback Machine
- Folha de S.Paulo. Retrieved June 23rd, 2007
- . Retrieved July 30th, 2011
- Žabec, Krešimir (November 13, 2006). "Heckler & Koch: Tvornica od koje Hrvatska vojska i policija kupuju puške i bacače". Jutarnji list (in Croatian). Retrieved 2008-11-27.
- Eduard Šoštarić (March 29, 2007). "MORH preuzeo jurišne puške G36" [Ministry of Defence receives G36 assault rifles]. Nacional (in Croatian). Archived from the original on 9 July 2012. Retrieved 2009-12-20.
- "Odbor Pohotovostní motorizovaná jednotka - Policie České republiky". Policie.cz. Retrieved 2012-12-15.
- "Aktionsstyrken". Pet.dk. Retrieved 2012-12-15.
- "Politiets aktionsstyrke - PolitiGuiden". Politiguiden.dk. Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2012-12-15.
- "Range Shooting". Australian Department of Defence. 5 May 2009. Archived from the original on 8 November 2012.
The East Timor National Police representatives fire from the sitting position during the informal shooting competition at Metinaro range.
- "2003 legal exportiert: Gewehre kommen aus Ägypten" (in German). n-tv.de. Retrieved 2012-12-15.
- "FOTOD: Millega tegeleb eestlaste eriüksus Afganistanis?".
- DELFI. "Kaitseväe eriüksuste juht: peame olema valmis reageerima igasugustele nähtustele".
- Jussi Orell (2009-10-08). "Kymmeniä aselupia peruttu kouluampumisten jälkeen – Kotimaa – Turun Sanomat". Ts.fi. Archived from the original on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2010-02-22.
- "Report: Germany Halts Army Rifle Orders Over Accuracy Fears". Defense News. Archived from the original on 2014-12-25.
- "LE GIPN (Groupe d'Intervention de la Police Nationale) 19". FIPN-SDLP GIPN.
- "France Cracks Down on Radical Islam, Arresting 19". VOA.
- "A Paris, les policiers des BAC équipés de fusils d'assaut contre les "tueries de masse"". Le Monde.
- "Paris police armed with assault rifles in wake of November terror attacks". The Guardian.
- "Paris police receive assault rifles and shields". 1 March 2016.
- "Heckler & Koch :: Home". heckler-koch.com.
- Gewehr G 36. Bundeswehr.
- Nachrichtenfernsehen, n-tv. "Heckler & Koch will BKA einschalten".
- Weisswange, Jan-Phillip (2009). ASSIK. Der Arbeitsstab Schutzaufgaben der Bundespolizei. In: Strategie & Technik. Jg. 52, Nr. 5, Mai 2009. ISSN 1860-5311, S. 73–74.
- DW staff (August 17, 2008). "Georgians Illegally Armed With German Weapons, Report Says". DW-World.de. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved January 23, 2010.
- "警訊 - 全新飛虎隊SDU特輯HD version.mpg" [Alert - New Flying Tigers SDU specials]. YouTube (in Chinese). 2009-11-27. Retrieved 2016-01-10.
- "Með Glock 17 og MP5". Fréttatíminn. 23. 09. 2011. p. 12-14.
- "ISIS-Terror im Nordirak: Diese Waffen liefert Deutschland an die Kurden".
- "Kopassus & Kopaska – Specijalne Postrojbe Republike Indonezije" (in Croatian). Hrvatski Vojnik Magazine. Archived from the original on 2010-08-22. Retrieved 2010-06-12.
- "Pasukan Denjaka TNI AL, Pasukan Elit Indonesia yang Misterius". HobbyMiliter.com (in Indonesian). HobbyMiliter. December 22, 2016.
- Italian Ministry of Interior – Decree n° 559/A/1/ORG/DIP.GP/14 of March 6, 2009, concerning weapons and equipment in use with the Italian National Police – in Italian Archived July 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on August 25, 2010.
- Shea, Dan (Spring 2009). "SOFEX 2008". Small Arms Defense Journal, p. 29.
- Tactical Weapons January 2011 Issue, Page 94.
- "Lajmi i Fundit - GazetaExpress" (PDF). gazetaexpress.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-21.
- "Ustaret" (PDF). mksf-ks.org.
- "Assault rifles in a 5.56 mm evolution: the fielding of new designs and the upgrade of existing weapons will ensure that 5.56 mm remains the predominant assault rifle calibre". thefreelibrary.com.
- Jones, Bruce (6 February 2018). "Latvia orders infantry small arms". IHS Jane's 360. London. Archived from the original on 7 February 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
- "Lebanese Official Gazette (issues 2008)". Lebanese Official Gazette. Lebanese Government. Missing or empty
- "Deutsche Waffen in Libyen: Rebellen nutzen G36-Gewehre" (in German). n-tv.de. Retrieved 2012-12-15.
- "Deutsche Gewehre in Libyen: Heckler & Koch schickt Ermittler" (in German). n-tv.de. Retrieved 2012-12-15.
- "G36-Gewehre seit 2005 in Libyen: Regierung sieht keine Fehler" (in German). n-tv.de. Retrieved 2012-12-15.
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1BtKiDvpf8M[dead link]
- http://blogs.aljazeera.net/sites/default/files/imagecache/BlogsMainImage/680_77.jpg[permanent dead link]
- "Lietuvos kariuomenė :: Ginkluotė ir karinė technika " Automatiniai šautuvai " Automatinis šautuvas G-36". kam.lt.
- Media, Fresh. "Lietuvos Respublikos krašto apsaugos ministerija :: Naujienos » Aktualijos". kam.lt.
- Wilk, Remigiusz (2 September 2016). "Lithuania orders H&K rifles and grenade launchers". IHS Jane's. Warsaw. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
- Fiorenza, Nicholas (19 October 2018). "Lithuania buys more G36 assault rifles". IHS Jane's 360. London. Archived from the original on 2018-10-20. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
- Thompson, Leroy (December 2008). "Malaysian Special Forces". Special Weapons. Retrieved 2010-12-30.
- Wangguang, Lei (2015-03-21). "Langkawi Airshow / PASKAL─ Sea Dragon special warfare/蘭卡威航展／PASKAL─大馬海中特戰蛟龍". Youth Daily News (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2016-01-07. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- "From the picture is Royal Malaysian Navy tactical force with HK XM8 Compact Carbine in 2015 Langkawi Airshow". Archived from the original on 2015-04-27.
- "From the picture is Royal Malaysian Navy PASKAL tactical diver team with G36KV, XM8 DMR, HK416, MP7, G36C in 2014 Merdeka Parade at Kuala Lumpur capital". Archived from the original on 2014-09-05.
- "DOCUMENTAR MEDIANTE FECHAS, EL INICIO DEL PROYECTO DE LA SEDENA PARA FABRICAR EN MÉXICO EL FUSIL HK G-36V, LOS RAZONAMIENTOS Y JUSTIFICACIONES TÉCNICAS Y MILITARES PARA LLEVAR A CABO DICHO PROYECTO" (in Spanish). 2006-12-15. Archived from the original on 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2009-05-23.
- "VIDEO: Warrior Blood: The Mongolian Army in Afghanistan". Military News.
- Ministar odbrane Boro Vučinić održao godišnju konferenciju za novinare Archived 2009-08-29 at the Wayback Machine
- "Rice Not Guns – German Arms in the Philippines". Bits.de. Retrieved 2010-02-22.
- xx, xx. "Polish police equipment" (in Polish). Policja. Retrieved 2012-04-24.
- Łęczek, Bartłomiej (27 August 2013). "Tak chronią premiera Tuska". www.fakt.pl (in Polish). Ringier Axel Springer Polska. Retrieved 4 December 2016.
- Dura, Maksymilian (24 July 2014). "Formoza shows their equipment". www.defence24.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 4 December 2016.
- "Exército Português". www.exercito.pt.
- "CADERNO DE ENCARGOS – CONCURSO PÚBLICO N.º 14/DRL/DA/2009" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Guarda Nacional Republicana. 2009. Retrieved 2012-08-30.
- Curado, Miguel (June 2, 2006). "GOE Reage com Tiros para o ar" (in Portuguese). Correio da Manhã. Retrieved 2009-08-29.
- "건파워 통합 게시판 - "해양경찰특공대 저격수 훈련" Update 2007/02/22". Old.gunpower.com. Archived from the original on 2015-09-27. Retrieved 2012-12-15.
- "Special Forces". romanianspecialforces.com.
- "Deutsche G36-Sturmgewehre werden ab 2012 auch direkt in Saudi-Arabien hergestellt" (in German). August 13, 2012.
- "Najsavremeniji "hekleri" za Vojsku Srbije" (in Serbian). Politika. 8 April 2010. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- "World Infantry Weapons: Sierra Leone". 2013. Archived from the original on 24 November 2016.[self-published source]
- "Navy.mil - View Image". www.navy.mil.
- "Fusil de Asaulto 5.56 mm". Prinicipales Programas de Armamento. Dirección General de Armamento y Material. Archived from the original on October 20, 2008.
- "DefenseImagery.mil - Find Imagery". defenseimagery.mil.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2011-08-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link). Retrieved August 11th, 2011
- . Retrieved August 11th, 2011 Archived October 23, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- Administrator. "ผบ.ตร. เปิดหลักสูตรต่อต้านก่อการร้าย ย้ำ ตร. ต้องฝึกให้หนักและพร้อมรับสถานการณ์ฉุกเฉิน". www.fm91bkk.com. Archived from the original on 2014-05-02.
- "Hk !!!". YouTube. 19 April 2013.
- "From the picture is Royal Thai Army with G36E in Thai coup d'état 2006 Bangkok city". Archived from the original on 2014-04-28.
- "From the picture is Royal Thai Army with MG36 in Thai coup d'état 2006 Bangkok city". Archived from the original on 2014-04-28.
- "From the picture is Royal Thai Army Duties for security in southern Thailand. Use G36E". Archived from the original on 2014-04-27.
- "Royal thai navy Seal team for Anti-Somali-pirate Mission. Use Hk G36KV with EoTech 552 and EOTech FTS 3X Magnifier Scope, An/peq15". Retrieved 2013-01-28.
- "งานรวมคนพลลาดตระเวน: SiamFishing : Thailand Fishing Community". siamfishing.com.
- "From the picture is Royal Thai navy Recon Force Duties for security in southern Thailand. Use Hk G36C with EoTech 552, An/peq15 and an/pvs7 night vision goggles". Archived from the original on 2014-04-27. Retrieved 2014-04-27.
- "Royal Thai special force หน่วยรบพิเศษของไทย [HD]". YouTube. 10 October 2012.
- "DVIDS - Images - Multinational Recon Marines hone live-fire skills [Image 2 of 8]". DVIDS.
- "Firearms in use by Avon and Somerset Police". Avon and Somerset Constabulary. Archived from the original on 6 August 2016. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
- Jane's Police Review, 4 March 2007
- Gardham, Duncan (April 15, 2010). "Military-style guns for police to fight terrorists on the streets". London: telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-04-19.
- "Baltimore Police Department". articleleader.info. Archived from the original on October 17, 2010.
- "Did Afghan cops kill UN security guard?".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to HK G36.|
- Heckler & Koch – official site
- Bundeswehr fact sheet (in German)
- Bundeswehr manual ZDv 3/12 regarding small arms usage (in German)[dead link]
- 2008 Heckler & Koch Military and LE brochure
- G36 in parts
- Modern Firearms
- Official HK instruction video part 1
- Official HK instruction video part 2
- Official HK instruction video part 3
- RUAG Ammotech factsheet on German Army DM11 5.56x45mm ammunition