General Administration for Traffic Safety

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General Administration for Traffic Safety
Traffic Police
Logo of the traffic police of Russia.svg
Emblem of the Traffic police of Russia
Patch of the Traffic police of Russia.svg
Chevron of the Traffic police of Russia
AbbreviationGIBDD
MottoServe Russia, Serve the law
Agency overview
Formed3 July 1936; 82 years ago (1936-07-03)
Preceding agency
  • GAI
Jurisdictional structure
National agency
(Operations jurisdiction)
RUS
Federal agency
(Operations jurisdiction)
RUS
Operations jurisdictionRUS
Size17,098,242 square miles (44,284,240 km2)
Population143,975,923 (2015 est.)
Legal jurisdictionAs per operations jurisdiction
Governing bodyMVD
General nature
HeadquartersMoscow, Russia

Agency executive
  • Mikhail Chernikov, Commander
Parent agencyMVD
Notables
Anniversary
  • 3 July
Website
http://www.gibdd.ru/

The General Administration for Traffic Safety of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia (Russian: Главное управление по обеспечению безопасности дорожного движения МВД России, ГУ ОБДД), popularly known under its historical abbreviation GAI (ГАИ), is a law enforcement agency and the Russian Traffic Patrol. They are responsible for the regulation of traffic, investigating traffic accidents, and manning the stop lights.

The Administration is part of the Public Security Service of the MVD. The Administration (abbreviated as GIBDD or GUOBDD) has patrol jurisdiction over all Russia highways.

History[edit]

USSR GAI Badge
Exhibits museum of History of Donetsk militia, Ukraine
A 1970s- or 80s-vintage GAZ-24 Volga, in the period squad car livery, installed as a monument in front of the Nizhny Novgorod General Administration for Traffic Safety headquarters.

The GAI (Russian: ГАИ, IPA: [ɡɐˈi]), short for State Automobile Inspectorate (Russian: Государственная Автомобильная Инспекция, tr. Gosudarstvennaya Avtomobilnaya Inspektsiya), was formed on July 3, 1936. The GAI was part of the NKVD and actively starts executing tasks: fighting accidents, developing technical standards of operation of vehicles, supervises the preparation and education of drivers. And also keep records of accidents, analyze their causes, accident attracts offenders to justice, manages the issuance of license plates, data sheets, search cars, hiding from the accident scene.

In 1961 it was merged with the Road Traffic Control Department.[1]

After the dissolution of USSR, GAI was renamed GIBDD - General Administration for Traffic Safety. There were rumors from March 2017 that the GIBDD is about to be dissolved until December 2018, as part of Russian police reform and will merged into the patrol service of the police. The Minister of Internal Affairs denied those rumors.[2]

Structure and organisation[edit]

  • Roads Patrol Service (Дорожно-патрульная служба)
  • Roads Inspection and Traffic organisation Service (Служба дорожной инспекции и организации движения)
  • Inspection and registration (Служба технического осмотра и регистрации)
  • Investigation Division vehicles (Подразделения розыска автотранспорта)

Other names[edit]

  • Departament of Ensuring Road Traffic Safety of MVD of Russia (Russian: Департамент обеспечения безопасности дорожного движения МВД России, ДОБДД) abbreviated as DOBDD, since 1994
  • State Inspection for Road Traffic Safety (Russian: Государственная Инспекция по безопасности дорожного движения) abbreviated as GIBDD, since 2002
  • GAI (Russian: ГАИ, IPA: [ɡɐˈi]), short for State Automobile Inspectorate (Russian: Государственная Автомобильная Инспекция, tr. Gosudarstvennaya Avtomobilnaya Inspektsiya), until 2011
  • DPS (ДПС (Дорожно-патрульная служба (Dorozhno-patrulnaya sluzhba))), Road Patrol Service - a part of the GAI/GIBDD directly responsible for patrolling the streets

Heads of Administration[edit]

  • Vladimir Feodorov (1992-2002)
  • Viktor Kiryanov (2003-2011)
  • Vladimir Shvetsov (2011)
  • Viktor Nilov (2011-2017)
  • Mikhail Chernikov (2017-)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Iskrina, N. A.; Khrapov, I. S. (1996). GAI: 60 years (in Russian). Moscow: The Joint Editorial Office of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs.
  2. ^ https://tass.ru/politika/4706406