Main Directorate for Road Traffic Safety (Russia)

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"GAI" redirects here. For other uses, see Gai.
Main Directorate for Road Traffic Safety
Traffic Police
Abbreviation GIBDD
Motto Serve Russia, Serve the law
Agency overview
Formed July 3, 1936; 79 years ago (1936-07-03)
Preceding agency GAI
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
National agency
(Operations jurisdiction)
RUS
Federal agency
(Operations jurisdiction)
RUS
Size 17,098,242 square miles (44,284,240 km2)
Population 143,975,923 (2015 est.)
Legal jurisdiction As per operations jurisdiction.
Governing body MVD
General nature
Specialist jurisdiction Highways, roads, and-or traffic.
Operational structure
Headquarters Moscow, Russia
Commissioner responsible Viktor Nilov
Parent agency MVD
Website
http://www.gibdd.ru/

Main Directorate for Road Traffic Safety of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia (Russian: Главное управление по обеспечению безопасности дорожного движения МВД России, ГУ ОБДД), popularly known under its historical abbreviation GAI (ГАИ), is a law enforcement agency and the Russian Traffic Patrol. They are responsible for the regulation of traffic, investigating traffic accidents, and manning the stop lights.

The Directorate is part of the Public Security Service of the MVD. The Directorate (abbraviated as GIBDD or GUOBDD) has patrol jurisdiction over all Russia highways.

History[edit]

A Russian traffic officer, 2006
USSR GAI Badge
Exhibits museum of History of Donetsk militia, Ukraine
A 1970s- or 80s-vintage GAZ-24 Volga, in the period squad car livery, installed as a monument in front of the Nizhny Novgorod Main Directorate for Road Traffic Safety headquarters.

The GAI (Russian: ГАИ; IPA: [ɡɐˈi]), short for State Automobile Inspectorate (Russian: Государственная Автомобильная Инспекция, tr. Gosudarstvennaya Avtomobilnaya Inspektsiya), was formed on July 3, 1936. The GAI was part of the NKVD and actively starts executing tasks: fighting accidents, developing technical standards of operation of vehicles, supervises the preparation and education of drivers. And also keep records of accidents, analyze their causes, accident attracts offenders to justice, manages the issuance of license plates, data sheets, search cars, hiding from the accident scene.

After the dissolution of USSR, GAI was renamed GIBDD - Main Directorate for Road Traffic Safety.

Structure and organisation[edit]

  • Roads Patrol Service (Дорожно-патрульная служба)
  • Roads Inspection and Traffic organisation Service (Служба дорожной инспекции и организации движения)
  • Inspection and registration (Служба технического осмотра и регистрации)
  • Investigation Division vehicles (Подразделения розыска автотранспорта)

Other names[edit]

  • Departament of Ensuring Road Traffic Safety of MVD of Russia (Russian: Департамент обеспечения безопасности дорожного движения МВД России, ДОБДД) abbreviated as DOBDD, since 1994
  • State Inspection for Road Traffic Safety (Russian: Государственная Инспекция по безопасности дорожного движения) abbreviated as GIBDD, since 2002
  • GAI (Russian: ГАИ; IPA: [ɡɐˈi]), short for State Automobile Inspectorate (Russian: Государственная Автомобильная Инспекция, tr. Gosudarstvennaya Avtomobilnaya Inspektsiya), until 2011
  • DPS (ДПС (Дорожно-патрульная служба (Dorozhno-patrulnaya sluzhba))), Road Inspection Service - a part of the GAI/GIBDD directly responsible for patrolling the streets

Heads of Directorate[edit]

  • Vladimir Feodorov (1992-2002)
  • Viktor Kiryanov (2003-2011)
  • Vladimir Shvetsov (2011)
  • Viktor Nilov (Since 2011)

See also[edit]