Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance
|Focus||Vaccines against: Human Papillomavirus (HPV), measles rubella, measles second dose, meningococcal A conjugate (Men A), pentavalent (diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis, hepatitis B, Haemophilus influenzae type b), pneumococcal, rotavirus, yellow fever|
|Seth Berkley, Dagfinn Høybråten|
|Mission||Saving children’s lives and protecting people’s health by increasing access to immunisation in poor countries|
Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance (Gavi for short; previously the GAVI Alliance, and before that the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization) is a public–private global health partnership committed to increasing access to immunisation in poor countries.
Gavi brings together developing country and donor governments, the World Health Organization, UNICEF, the World Bank, the vaccine industry in both industrialised and developing countries, research and technical agencies, civil society, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and other private philanthropists.
Gavi was launched in 2000, at a time when the distribution of vaccines to children in the poorest parts of the world had begun to falter. By the end of the 1990s, immunisation rates were stagnating or even declining. Nearly 30 million children born every year in developing countries were not fully immunised. With a US $750 million commitment from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the vision of delivering vaccines to these children suddenly came within reach.
Sometime between December 2005 and February 2006, Gavi renamed itself from "Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization" to "GAVI Alliance". The latter name was in use until the 2014 rebranding.
Since its launch in 2000, Gavi has contributed to the immunization of an additional 370 million children, helping developing countries prevent more than 5.5 million future deaths from hepatitis B, Haemophilus influenza type B (Hib), measles, pertussis, pneumococcal disease, polio, rotavirus diarrhoea and yellow fever. Between now and 2015, GAVI can accelerate access to new vaccines that will save a further four million lives. This would have a significant impact on achieving the 4th Millennium Development Goal to reduce by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate by 2015.
Gavi has been promoting the use of pentavalent vaccines all over the world to ensure developing nations have access to global immunization programs. In July 2013, Gavi issued a $700 million bond to purchase vaccines to fight pneumonia and diarrhea, which are two of the most frequent killers of children under the age of five. Gavi will also purchase vaccines for diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, HIB and hepatitis B. The bond issue will fund immunization efforts supported by Gavi. The transaction was done by the International Finance Facility for Immunisation. Jim Yong Kim, president of the World Bank Group, which is IFFIm’s treasury manager, said that having predictable, long-term funding in place will help them ensure that the world’s most vulnerable children have access to healthcare, and that is a critical step in achieving the goal of ending extreme poverty by 2030.
In 2014, Gavi rebranded itself to increase awareness of its work: it changed its name from "GAVI Alliance" and introduced a new logo. Both changes were revealed in August. Sometime between April and August 2014, Gavi acquired the gavi.org domain name and changed its primary domain from gavialliance.org to gavi.org. Gavi's press releases starting in November 2014 use "Gavi" to refer to itself rather than "GAVI Alliance".
Methods of operation
Countries that are eligible for Gavi support actively take the lead. They determine what their immunisation needs are, apply for funding and oversee the implementation of their vaccination programmes. Gavi's co-financing policy requires that recipient countries contribute towards the cost of the vaccines. This further strengthens ownership and long-term sustainability of immunisation programmes. The fact that countries increasingly demand Gavi-funded vaccines and are prepared to co-finance them shows their strong commitment to improving the health of their populations.
|Committed funding (US$ millions)|
|Infectious disease control||417.8||121.5||229.6||694.9||508.2||100.0||744.2||858.7||580.2||947.1||1,026.4||1,087.7||87.5||7,403.8|
|Basic health care||213.1||44.2||96.2||307.6||211.3||50.0||21.2||44.7||140.7||337.4||319.5||321.6||259.6||2,366.8|
- Ravelo, Jenny Lei (November 10, 2014). "The evolution of global health's 'best-kept secret'". Devex. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "Brazil announces support for global immunisation and IFFIm". Gavi. March 9, 2006. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
The new funds will support the work of the GAVI Alliance (formerly the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization)
- Lesaar, Rick (November 3, 2014). "Gavi: A New Brand". Health and Communications. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
With a lead capital G and lower case avi, the Alliance's name is no longer an acronym. Originally it was the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisations, then most recently the GAVI Alliance, and now Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance.
- Boseley, Sarah (2011-11-17). "Green light from Gavi for cervical cancer vaccine". Guardian. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
- 25 January 2013 (2013-01-25). "AllAfrica". AllAfrica. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
- "Supplies and Logistics - GAVI". UNICEF. 2007-04-09. Retrieved 2013-01-27.
- "Hib Initiative - a new force in the fight against Hib meningitis and pneumonia". Gavi. December 8, 2005. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
The first global initiative to reduce death and disability from Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) disease, a major threat to child health worldwide, was launched today at the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) Partners' Meeting in India.
- "International Finance Facility for Immunization (IFFIm) takes next steps toward saving millions of lives". Gavi. February 21, 2006. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
After an international search, five individuals have been named by the GAVI Alliance (formerly the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization)
- "Foundation Fact Sheet – Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation". Gatesfoundation.org. Retrieved 2013-01-27.
- Parrish, Ryan (July 3, 2013). "GAVI announces $700 million bond issue to fund child immunization". Vaccine News. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
- "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". Internet Archive. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "Press releases, 2014". Gavi. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "About". Vaccines work. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "GAVI Alliance". IATI Registry. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
- "DAC 5 Digit Sector". The IATI Standard. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
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