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GAZ-61V / GAZ-61B
( ГАЗ-61B / ГАЗ-61Б )
Production238 (1938–1945)
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size car
LayoutF4 layout
Engine3.4L GAZ-11 I6
Transmission4-speed manual
Wheelbase2,845 mm (112.0 in)
Length4,670 mm (183.9 in)
Width1,750 mm (68.9 in)
Height1,905 mm (75.0 in)
Curb weight1,650 kg (3,638 lb)

The GAZ-61 is a four wheel drive car from USSR manufacturer GAZ first introduced in 1938[1][2] by designer V. A. Gratchev, to replace his too-complex model GAZ-M2.


It was made by putting a GAZ-M1 body on a four-wheel-drive chassis (one of the world's first all-wheel drive passenger cars). It could climb angles up to 38 degrees and cross water up to 72 cm (28 in) deep.

The first version, produced from 1940 until 1941, was a five-seat four-door phaeton. It was powered by a 3,485 cc (212.7 cu in) six-cylinder four-stroke engine with 85 hp (63 kW) and a top speed of 100 km/h (62 mph). Many supreme commanders of the Red Army headquarters used this car in 1941.

In 1941, the updated GAZ-61-73 was introduced. It became a five-seat, four-door six-light saloon with the same engine, but now rated at a top speed of 107 km/h (66 mph).

The GAZ-61 was produced not only in civilian black but also in blue and Russian 4BO green, together with the typical cross-country tread tires.


  1. ^ "15 SUVs You Didn't Know Existed Between 1920 And 1950". The Things. Archived from the original on 30 April 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
  2. ^ "This Oddly Cute Little Car Was the First Mass-Produced 4x4 Passenger Car Even Before the Jeep". Jalopnik. Retrieved 28 August 2020.

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