GAZ-64

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
GAZ-64
GAZ 64.jpg
A 1941 GAZ-64.
Overview
Manufacturer GAZ
Production
  • 1940–42
  • 646 produced
Body and chassis
Body style Jeep
Layout F4 layout
Related BA-64
Powertrain
Engine 3.3L GAZ M1 I4
Chronology
Predecessor GAZ-61
Successor

The GAZ-64 was a 4x4 vehicle made by GAZ (Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod, translated as Gorky Automobile Plant, a cooperation between Ford and the Soviet Union), succeeding the earlier GAZ-61 which was totally reconstructed in a very short period (3 February – 25 March 1941) under the leadership of Vitaliy Grachev. Over 90,000 were produced in total, but the majority of the wartime production went to produce the BA-64 armoured car.


Design[edit]

The curb weigh of the car was 1,200 kg (2,646 lb). It was powered by a 3285 cc, inline-4 engine giving 50 hp (37 kW) and a top speed of 100 km/h (62 mph).[1][2] It was produced using existing commercially available parts.[3]

Development[edit]

The GAZ-64 was developed from a requirement developed during the 1940 war between the Soviet Union and Finland. Although it appears superficially similar to the American Jeep, it was developed using commercially available parts already available in the Soviet Union.[4]

It was designed to replace the earlier GAZ-61, which was totally reconstructed in a very short period (3 February – 25 March 1941) under the leadership of Vitaly Grachev to create a 4×4 jeep, which was named the GAZ-64. It was later succeeded by the more popular GAZ-67 and the GAZ-67B. The GAZ-64 and GAZ-67 were the basis for later and more successful BA-64 armoured car.[1][2]

Production[edit]

646 GAZ-64s were made between March 1941 and summer 1942 by the GAZ or Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod company. The name was translated from the Gorky automobile plant, a cooperation between the company Ford and the Soviet Union.[1][2]

Due to the availability of American made Jeeps provided by the American Lend-Lease program, the majority of wartime production of the GAZ-64 was dedicated to the BA-64 armored car. Due to GAZ-64 production being tied to BA-64 production, only around 2,500 were produced during the war. Post war production continued, and more than 90,000 GAZ-64 were produced by the time production ended in 1953.[5]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Thompson, p. 31.
  2. ^ a b c Pročko (2005)
  3. ^ Jeeps 1941–45 By Steven J. Zaloga. P.38-39
  4. ^ Jeeps 1941–45 By Steven J. Zaloga. P.38-39
  5. ^ Jeeps 1941–45 By Steven J. Zaloga. P.38-39

Bibliography[edit]

  • Pročko, Evgenij (2005). GAZ-64/67, GAZ-61/AR-NATI (4x4). Militaria. ISBN 978-83721-922-71
  • Thompson, Andy (2008) Cars of the Soviet Union: The Definitive History. Haynes Publishing. ISBN 1-84425-483-6

External links[edit]