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GAZ-66 is a Soviet and later Russian 4x4 all-road (off road) military truck produced by GAZ. It was one of the main cargo vehicle for motorized infantry of the Soviet Army and is still employed in former Soviet Union countries. It is nicknamed (шишига) shishiga shehsherik (шешерик) trueman (in Siberia).
The GAZ-66 has gained legendary status in many countries around the world due to its reliability, simplicity and off-road capability. Thanks to standard features, such as a front mounted winch,
Central Tire Inflation System (CTIS) and self-locking differentials, the GAZ-66 is extremely popular worldwide with armed forces and off-road enthusiasts. Production ceased in 1999, with the GAZ-3308 being produced instead.
Versions and Variants [ edit ]
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Basic versions [ edit ]
GAZ-66-1 (1964-1968) - the first model with no centralized system for adjusting the air pressure in the tires
GAZ-66A (1964-1968) - with a winch
GAZ-34 - a 6 × 6 prototype
GAZ-66B (1966) - Airborne version with telescopic steering column, folding roof and folding windshield frame
GAZ-66D (1964-1968) - the chassis with a power take-off
GAZ-66P - tractor (experimental)
GAZ-66E (1964-1968) - with shielded electrical equipment
GAZ-66-01 (1968-1985) - the base model with a centralized control system for tire pressure
GAZ-66-02 (1968-1985) - with a winch
GAZ-66-03 (1964-1968) - with shielded electrical equipment
GAZ-66-04 (1968-1985) - the chassis with shielded electrical equipment
GAZ-66-05 (1968-1985) - with shielded electrical equipment and a winch
GAZ-66-11 (1985-1996) - upgraded base model
GAZ-66-12 (1985-1996) - with a winch
GAZ-66-14 (1985-1996) - the chassis with shielded electrical equipment and a power take-off
Military versions [ edit ]
GAZ-66-15 (1985-1996) - with shielded electrical equipment and a winch
GAZ-66-16 (1991-1993) - modernized version with ZMZ-513.10, reinforced tires (wheels - lean), completed the brakes, the platform without intruding wheel niches (also installed on GAZ-66-11 and GAZ-66-40 ), load capacity 2.3 tons
GAZ-66-21 (1993-1995) - the national-economic modification with the dual tires and rear axle wooden platform GAZ-53, load capacity 3.5 tons
GAZ-66-31 - chassis for trucks
GAZ-66-41 (1992-1995) - a naturally aspirated GAZ-544 diesel engine
GAZ-66-40 (1995-1999) - with a GAZ-5441 turbodiesel
GAZ-66-92 (1987-1995) - for use in the far north
GAZ-66-96 - chassis for
Export versions [ edit ]
GAZ-66-52 (1968-1985) - with a winch
GAZ-66-81 (1985-1995) - for countries with a temperate climate
GAZ-66-91 (1985-1995) - for countries with a tropical climate
Specialised versions [ edit ]
Battered Gaz 66 Watch bus on farm in Voronezh Oblast
AP-2 - aid station, the main transport unit regimental aid station.
AS-66 - ambulance, designed to evacuate the wounded.
DDA-2 - disinfecting shower installation, is used in the military (sometimes civil) sanitary-epidemiological units.
GZSA-731, 983A, 947, 3713, 3714 - Vans "Mail", "bread" and "Medicine"
MZ-66 - Lube.
3902, 3903, 39021, 39031 - mobile workshops to provide technical assistance to agricultural machinery.
2001, 2002, 3718, 3719, 3716, 3924, 39521 - mobile clinics
NZAS-3964, Volgar-39461 -
watch buses GAZ-SAZ-3511 - tipper for agricultural purposes on the GAZ-66-31 (build - Saransk).
GAZ-KAZ-3511 - tipper for agricultural purposes on GAZ-66-31 (build - Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)
Specifications [ edit ]
Specifications for GAZ 66-11
Cab-forward design, 2-seat cab + 21 passengers in the back.
Payload: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb) plus the same weight trailer
Suspension: Solid axles with leaf springs
Type- ZMZ-66-06 V8 gasoline (carburetor) OHV engine
Displacement: 4,254 cc (Bore 92 mm (3.622 in), Stroke 80 mm (3.150 in))
Compression ratio: 7.6:1
Output: 120 hp (89 kW) @ 3,200 rpm
Torque: 284.5 N·m (210 lbf·ft) @ 2,000-2200 rpm
Max. speed- 90 km/h (56 mph)(speed governed)
Type: Drums, with hydraulic control, single circuit, servo assisted
Stopping distance from 20 mph: 27'
L×W×H: 5,805 mm (19 ft 1 in) x 2,525 mm (8 ft 3 in) x 2,490 mm (8 ft 2 in)(cab) / 2,520 mm (8 ft 3 in)(tent)
Wheelbase: 3,300 mm (129.92 in)
Track front/rear: 1,820 mm (71.65 in)/1,750 mm (68.90 in)
Curb weight: 3,440 kg (7,580 lb)
Fuel tanks: 2 x 105 l (23 imp gal; 28 US gal)
Fuel economy: 31.5 l/100 km (9 mpg
; 7 mpg -imp ) -US
Turning circle: 9.5 m (31 ft)
Approach angle: 41°
Departure angle: 32°
Max. ascent angle: 31–37° (fully loaded)
Ground clearance: 315 mm (12 in)
Fording depth: 1 m (39 in)
Pressure: Adjustable with central tyre inflation system from cab
Popular culture [ edit ]
In the 2010 game
, the GAZ 66 is used as a transport for guards in the level "Vorkuta". Call of Duty: Black Ops It is mentioned in the 1991 Tom Clancy novel
The Sum Of All Fears. In the Russian version of the TV show
Top Gear, a test was conducted on the vehicle's strengths: the body had building rubble dropped on it, it was set on fire and submerged in water. After all these tests, it kept going. The Gaz-66 was featured in the movie
The Expendables 2 with Jean-Claude Van Damme.
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
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