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VDNH 21 (10656185516).jpg
Body and chassis
LayoutFR layout
Transmission4-speed manual
Wheelbase3,440 mm (135.4 in)
Length5,335 mm (210.0 in)
Width2,040 mm (80.3 in)
Height1,970 mm (77.6 in)
Curb weight1,810 kg (3,990 lb)
PredecessorFord Model AA

The GAZ-AA was a truck produced at the Gorki Auto Plant from 1932 to 1938, as the company's first truck produced under the GAZ brand name.


In 1929 the Soviet Union made an agreement with the Ford Motor Company to produce the Ford Model A and Model AA vehicles at an automotive plant built in Nijni Novgorod.

Initially, 10 Ford Model AA trucks were built at the plant,[1][2] under the NAZ name (Nijni Novgorod Automobilni Zavod). Soviet engineers prepared their own mechanical blueprints for production, for the truck to be made by more thick steel and to have an upgraded suspension system. During the following years, the plant was renamed to Gorki Automobilni Zavod after Maxim Gorki, leading the index of the trucks to be changed to GAZ-AA. By 1932, the GAZ-AA started to get mass-produced and by that time around 60 trucks were built at the plant daily from knock-down kits send by Ford.[3]

Soon the assembly of the GAZ-A passenger vehicles started,[4] that were based on the Ford Model A and were also built from knock-down kits that were imported to the Soviet Union. By that time GAZ-AA trucks made the majority of trucks used by the Red Army.[3] Several modifications of the GAZ-AA trucks started getting produced, including dump trucks (410),[5] semi-trucks (MS), fire trucks (PMG-1)[6] and tractors (905).[7]

By 1938, nearly 1 million of these trucks had been produced and sold. By that time a modernized variant of the GAZ-AA trucks, under the GAZ-MM index started getting produced, with the engine from the GAZ-M1, that boosted the vehicle's power to 50 hp, with the compression ratio increased to 4.6, with the vehicle's maximum speed being 80 km / h.[8][9]



  1. ^ "Zis lorry. "One and a half" GAZ-AA". Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  2. ^ "First Soviet Ford AA truck leaving Assembly Plant No. 1 "Gudok Oktyabrya" in Nizhni Novgorod". Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  3. ^ a b "ОАО "ГАЗ"/Горьковский автомобильный завод (ГАЗ)/ ГАЗ-АА". Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  4. ^ "JSC "GAZ" / Gorky Automobile Plant (GAZ) /GAZ-A". Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  5. ^ "Опрокидка малой механизации Самосвал ГАЗ-С1/ -410". Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  6. ^ "Пожарный автомобиль ПМГ-1: история, устройство и ТТХ Источник". Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  7. ^ "ОАО "ГАЗ" (Горьковский автомобильный завод) ГАЗ-905". Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  8. ^ "ОАО "ГАЗ"/Горьковский автомобильный завод (ГАЗ)/ ГАЗ-ММ". Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  9. ^ "ГАЗ-ММ: машина жизни". Retrieved 21 August 2021.

Further reading[edit]

  • Andy Thompson: Trucks of the Soviet Union: The Definitive History. Behemont 2017, ISBN 978-0-9928769-5-1.

External link[edit]

  • Media related to GAZ-AA at Wikimedia Commons