From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Gaz-322132 TAXI.jpg
GAZelle with the restyled front end introduced in 2003
Manufacturer GAZ (Gorky Automobile Plant)
Production 1994–current
Body and chassis
Class Light commercial vehicle (M)
Body style 2-door dropside truck
2/4-door pickup truck
4-door panel van
4-door minibus
Layout FR layout
Transmission 5-speed manual
Successor Gazelle NEXT

The GAZelle (Russian: ГАЗе́ль) is a series of light commercial vehicles: pickup trucks, vans and minibuses made by Russian car manufacturer GAZ. GAZelle, together with its lighter version Sobol, account for the majority of the Russian van and light truck market, has strong positions on the markets of CIS countries and rank as GAZ's most popular and successful products.

In 2010-2011 the GAZelle family underwent a serious upgrade. The upgraded model was renamed GAZelle Business. The changes affected 20 main vehicle units and systems, including steering, brakes, gearbox, cooling system, transmission and interior.[1]

In 2013 GAZ started serial production of the new generation GAZelle NEXT light commercial vehicle.


Name Data Photo
GAZelle 1994- Start of production of the first generation. Initially released only freighters.

1996- Started production of minibuses

1998- started producing cars Sobol

Van in Asino, Russia.jpg|
GAZelle 2003- Started production of the second generation. Changes: new teardrop-shaped headlights instead of rectangular, new grille, new front bumper, increased space under the hood, rear colorless lenses turning lights, combined with the reversing light lenses. A new dashboard and power steering, steel versions are available with all-wheel drive.

2004- appeared ABS

2006- side repeaters turning lights moved from the front wings to the side mirrors, which were painted body color

Gaz-322132 TAXI.jpg |
GAZelle-Business (ru) 2010- Scale modernization, construction of 130 made changes including: a new grille combined with the bumper. Inside, a new family of vehicles differ from their predecessors a front panel, steering wheel, standard audio head unit from Blaupunkt, new cab heater control unit or the front of the cabin.

Engine UMZ -4216 ( fresh family car commercial - UMZ - 4216.10 ) got a new injection control program, whereby the maximum torque ( 220.5 Nm) is achieved at fairly low for gasoline engine 2500 rpm . The family of " GAZelle Business " engine mountings were introduced Anvis Group, radiator with aluminum core TRM, Bosch electrical components and Brisk spark plugs. The drive brakes used products Bosch ( in particular, the brake master cylinder and the brake servo ), the drive clutch - components and ZF Sachs, were also introduced power steering from ZF Lenksysteme and defroster door mirrors as standard . New modification of the car with 2010 was equipped with a turbocharged diesel engine Cummins ISF American development .

2011- In the factory catalog appeared shuttle van with high roof.

2013- Started producing modifications with bi-fuel petrol-gas engine.

GAZelleBusiness.JPG |
GAZelle Next 2013- started production of a completely new LCV, while the production of the 2010 version continues. GAZel-NEXT-gruz.jpg |



The GAZ Sobol is a lighter duty version of the GAZelle, built on a shorter wheelbase. It was introduced in 1998.

The GAZ Valdai is a heavier duty version of the GAZelle, built on a longer wheelbase. It was introduced in 2003 and discontinued in favor of the GAZon.

Trim levels[edit]

Before the 2010 upgrade, customers were not given the opportunity to select options. Currently the Gazelle-Business can be ordered with a differential lock, ABS braking system, "Lux" instrument panel, and the No2 Package option (includes fog lights, electroproof mirrors, front electric windows, dashboard "Lux" (radio control buttons on the steering wheel and audio package), central locking front doors).

The 2013 Gazelle NEXT has its own system with the three basic trim levels and a set of options.


Scale model cars[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "GAZ Group has started serial production of upgraded GAZelle-Business" (Press release). GAZ Group. 2010-02-25. Archived from the original on 2011-09-25. 

External links[edit]