GER Class 209
GER Class 209 (LNER Class Y5) 0-4-0ST Service locomotive. Built at Stratford Works in 1903 as No. 230 (LNER 7230, then 8081 and BR 68081), it became the shunter for the Carriage Works at Stratford and is seen here outside Stratford Old (Locomotive) Works, 28 September 1946.
|Type and origin|
|Designer||Neilson and Company|
|Model||Neilson 12-inch Mineral Engine|
|UIC classification||B n2t|
|Gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Driver diameter||3 ft 7 in (1.09 m)|
|Wheelbase||5 ft 9 in (1.753 m)|
|Length||21 ft 4 1⁄2 in (6.515 m) over buffers|
|Locomotive weight||21 long tons 4 cwt (47,500 lb or 21.5 t)|
|Fuel capacity||0 long tons 10 cwt (1,100 lb or 0.5 t)|
|Water capacity||470 imp gal (2,100 l; 560 US gal)|
|Boiler pressure||140 psi (0.97 MPa)|
|Firegrate area||7.01 sq ft (0.651 m2)|
|514.55 sq ft (47.803 m2)|
|Cylinder size||12 in × 20 in (305 mm × 508 mm)|
|Tractive effort||7,970 lbf (35.45 kN)|
|Operator(s)||GER » LNER » BR|
|Disposition||One preserved, remainder scrapped|
The GER Class 209 (LNER Class Y5) was a class of 0-4-0 saddle tank steam locomotives of the Great Eastern Railway. These locomotives were similar to the NBR G Class but had flat-topped, instead of round-topped, tanks. A total of eight were built – four by Neilson and Company in 1874 and four more by the GER's Stratford Works between 1897 and 1903.
In order to shunt locations with tight curves and weight restrictions, two 0-4-0T locomotives were purchased from Neilson and Company to one of that company's standard designs by the GER, and this was followed by an order for a further two locomotives in 1876. In 1894–1895 these four locos were rebuilt under James Holden, the work including new boilers, steam brakes, and covered cabs.
In 1897 two new locomotives were built at Stratford Works, identical to the rebuilt 209 Class, but with slightly higher bunkers, and a further two locomotives to this new design were built, also at Stratford, in 1903.
Two locomotives, 226 and 227 were scrapped in 1911. By 1914, number 228 was placed on the duplicate list, becoming 0228; its old number being re-used by a new Class B74 (LNER Class Y4) locomotive. Number 210 was also scrapped in 1914, and 229 was sold in 1918. Number 7209 was withdrawn in 1926. Numbers 07228 and 7230 became departmental locomotives at Stratford, with the former being withdrawn in 1927, after having been used as a stationary boiler. Number 7231 had been adapted as a tram locomotive and used at Colchester, before being withdrawn in 1931.
The last member of the class left in service, 7230, was renumbered 8081 in 1944; and just survived into British Railways ownership in 1948 but was scrapped early that year before it could receive its BR number.
Table of orders and numbers
|Year||Order||Manufacturer||Quantity||GER Nos.||LNER Nos||Notes|
|1874||—||Neilson & Co. 1940||1||209||7209||wdn. 1926|
|1875||—||Neilson & Co.||1||210||—||scr. 1914|
|1876||—||Neilson & Co. 2118, 2119||2||228, 229||07228, —||228 wdn. 1927
229 sold 1918
|1897||G40||Stratford Works||2||226, 227||—, —||both scr. 1911|
|1903||R55||Stratford Works||2||230, 231||7230, 7231||230 scr. 1948
231 wdn. 1931
- wdn. = withdrawal date, scrapping date unknown
- scr. = scrapping date
One locomotive, GER no. 229, was exhibited at the former North Woolwich Old Station Museum, which closed in 2008. This is the one which was sold in 1918. It is now (2012) at a site near Lydney, Gloucestershire, awaiting restoration to working order.
A 4 mm scale kit is available from High Level Kits.
- Aldrich, C. Langley (1969). The Locomotives of the Great Eastern Railway 1862–1962 (7th ed.). Wickford, Essex: C. Langley Aldrich. OCLC 30278831.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to GER Class 209 / LNER Class Y5.|
- S. W. Johnson locomotives — Great Eastern Railway Society
- The Y5 (GER 209) Neilson & Co 0-4-0 Shunters — LNER Encyclopedia