GER Class C53
8226 at Stratford locomotive depot, 28 September 1946
|Type and origin|
|UIC classification||C n2t|
|Gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Driver diameter||3 ft 1 in (0.940 m)|
|Wheelbase||6 ft 8 in (2.032 m)|
|Length||20 ft 8 3⁄8 in (6.309 m)|
|Locomotive weight||27 long tons 1 cwt (60,600 lb or 27.5 t)|
|Fuel capacity||15 long tons 0 cwt (33,600 lb or 15.2 t)|
|Water capacity||625 imp gal (2,840 l; 751 US gal)|
|Boiler pressure||180 lbf/in2 (1.24 MPa)|
|Firegrate area||9.2 sq ft (0.85 m2)|
|348.08 sq ft (32.338 m2)|
|Cylinder size||12 in × 15 in (305 mm × 381 mm)|
|Tractive effort||8,931 lbf (39.73 kN)|
|Operator(s)||GER » LNER » BR|
|Power class||BR: 0F|
|Axle load class||LNER/BR: RA 2|
The GER Class C53 was a class of twelve 0-6-0T steam tram locomotives designed by James Holden for the Great Eastern Railway. They passed to the London and North Eastern Railway at the grouping, and received the LNER classification J70.
These locomotives had 12-by-15-inch (305 mm × 381 mm) outside cylinders driving 3-foot-1-inch (0.940 m) wheels; all enclosed by skirting. They were the first locomotives on the Great Eastern to use Walschaerts valve gear. They were used on the Wisbech and Upwell Tramway and the ports of Great Yarmouth and Ipswich from the 1930s to the 1950s. They replaced earlier GER Class G15 0-4-0 of similar appearance.
|Year||Order||Builder||Quantity||GER No.||LNER No.||LNER 1944 No.||Notes|
|1908||C64||Stratford Works||3||137–139||7137–7139||8218, —, 8219|
|1914||P75||Stratford Works||3||127–128, 131||7127–7128, 7131||8221–8223|
|1921||D85||Stratford Works||3||125–126, 129||7125–7126, 7126||8224–8226|
The first withdrawal was in 1942. The remaining locomotives were renumbered 8216–8226 in 1944. The remaining eleven locomotives passed to British Railways in 1948 on nationalisation, and had 60000 added to their numbers. Withdrawals restarted in 1949, slowly at first, then more quickly, and the last went in 1955.
start of year
|1953||8||4||68216, 68217, 68219, 68220|
|1955||4||4||68222, 68223, 68225, 68226|
- Aldrich, C. Langley (1969). The Locomotives of the Great Eastern Railway 1862–1962 (7th ed.). Wickford, Essex: C. Langley Aldrich. OCLC 30278831.
- Allen, D. W.; Boddy, M. G.; Brown, W. A.; Fry, E. V.; Hennigan, W.; Manners, F.; Neve, E.; Proud, P.; Roundthwaite, T. E.; Tee, D. F.; Yeadon, W. B. (November 1970). Fry, E. V., ed. Locomotives of the L.N.E.R., part 8A: Tank Engines - Classes J50 to J70. Kenilworth: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-05-3.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to GER Class C53 / LNER Class J70.|
- J. Holden locomotives — Great Eastern Railway Society
- The J70 0-6-0 (GER Class C53) Tram Engines — LNER Encyclopedia
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